WORLD WAR II

Technical & Scientific Intelligence

Jon - Z

 

Jones, R.V.

Clark comment: British physicist Reginald Victor Jones headed scientific intelligence for the British Air Staff in World War II and served as scientific adviser to the SIS. His accomplishments are many but perhaps best known is his development of methods to defeat the Germans' radar and their use of radio-beam targeting of Britain. Jones is often called "the father of scientific intelligence"; he is the namesake and first recipient of the CIA's R.V. Jones Intelligence Award. Jones died on 17 December 1997. See Ken Cormier, "EW Pioneer R.V. Jones Dies at 86," Journal of Electronic Defense (Jan. 1998), 29-30.

1. "Anglo-American Cooperation in the Wizard War." In In the Name of Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Walter Pforzheimer, eds. Hayden B. Peake and Samuel Halpern, 299-312. Washington, DC: NIBC Press, 1994.

2. "Scientific Intelligence." Studies in Intelligence 6, no. 3 (Summer 1962): 55-76.

This is a "minimally edited" version, annotated by T.M. Odarenko, of a speech by Jones, first published in the Journal of the United Services Institution, August 1947, pp. 352-360.

3. "The Scientific Intelligencer." Studies in Intelligence 6, no. 4 (Fall 1962): 37-48.

"Excerpted from Research, Vol. 9 (September 1956), pp. 347-352."

4. The Wizard War: British Scientific Intelligence, 1939-1945. New York: Coward, McCann, & Geoghegan, 1978. Most Secret War: British Scientific Intelligence 1939-1945. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1978. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1990.

Pforzheimer calls The Wizard War "important reading about the development of scientific intelligence in Britain." According to Constantinides, "[t]his is not only one of the great works on scientific intelligence in World War II but one of the great personal memoirs in intelligence literature." To Sexton, Jones "paints a fascinating picture of the intelligence process and the ways in which diverse sources complemented ULTRA."

Mendelsohn, John, ed.

1. Covert Warfare: Intelligence, Counter-intelligence and Military Deception During the World War II Era. 18 vols. New York: Garland, 1989.

This multivolume work consists of photo reproductions of documents from the National Archives.

Vol. 9: Scientific and Technical Intelligence Gathering. Intro., George C. Chalou.

2. Scientific and Technical Intelligence Gathering, Including the ALSOS Mission. New York: Garland, 1987.

Millar, George, The Bruneval Raid: Flashpoint of the Radar War. London: Bodley Head, 1974. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974.

Constantinides notes that the focus here is the 1942 British raid to capture a German radar. However, "Millar, who served as an agent in France,... is surprisingly good on the outlines of the radar war."

Phelps, Stephen. The Tizard Mission: The Top-Secret Operation That Changed the Course of World War II. Yardley, PA: Westholme Publishing, 2010.

According to Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011), "when the Americans were told of the cavity magnetron in 1940, cooperation followed promptly.... The Tizard Mission also shared the results of British atomic research. That led to cooperation in the Manhattan Project and formed the foundation of the 'special relationship' of the two countries. The Tizard Mission is fascinating history; well documented, well told." See also, Zimmerman, Top Secret Exchange (1996).

Price, Alfred. Instruments of Darkness: The History of Electronic Warfare. London: Kimber, 1967. Rev. ed. London: Macdonalds & Janes, 1977. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1978.

Clark comment: Price's Instruments of Darkness tells the story of British electronic warfare (EW) in World War II. Constantinides notes that Price lacked access to Ultra materials and "cannot match [R.V.] Jones's first-hand knowledge and access." Nevertheless, Price's work "still stands as one of the best" on the subject of EW deception connected with the invasion of France in 1944 (Overlord).

Richards, Pamala Spence. Scientific Information in Wartime: The Allied-German Rivalry, 1939-1945. Contributions in Military Studies, No. 151. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1994.

Surveillant 4.1: "Scientific intelligence in World War II."

Schiffman, Maurice K. "Technical Intelligence in the Pacific in World War II." Military Review 31 (Jan. 1952): 42-48. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/RefBibs/intell/ww2/tech.htm]

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Cold War Radar Intelligence: Operation 'Cerberus.'" Journal of Intelligence History 6, no. 2 (Winter 2006-2007). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

Zimmerman, David.

1. Britain's Shield: Radar and the Defeat of the Luftwaffe. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 2001. Stroud: Amberley, 2011. [pb]

From publisher: This work "relates the development of radar with the diplomatic and air policy concerns of the period. It shows how a small group of scientists, engineers, airmen and politicians accomplished this technological miracle, and offers a revisionist appraisal of Churchill's role, showing that his influence was, more often than not, counterproductive to the development of effective air defenses."

2. Top Secret Exchange: The Tizard Mission and the Scientific War. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 1996.

From publisher: "The Tizard Mission established an effective system of teamwork for Allied technical and scientific cooperation, and it was this teamwork that proved to be a crucial factor in Allied technical superiority. It was also the beginning of the much longer story of Anglo-American scientific and technical cooperation." See also, Phelps, The Tizard Mission (2010).

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