WORLD WAR II

Psychological Warfare & Propaganda

F - M

 

Farago, Ladislas, ed. German Psychological Warfare. New York: Committee for National Morale, 1941. New York: Putnam's, 1942. New York: Arno Press, 1972.

The publisher of the 1972 edition states: "This is a greatly expanded version of the author's 1941 compilation, of bibliographic entries on the same topic -- this volume has more entries plus a lengthy essay on the theory, organization and practice of Nazi propaganda. There is coverage of both internal and foreign Propaganda, and details of political and military tactics and strategy."

Feller, A.H. "OWI on the Home Front." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 55-65. [Winkler]

Fortune. Editors. "U.S. Arsenal of Words." Mar. 1943, 83-85, 169-170, 172, 174, 176. [Winkler]

George, A.L. Propaganda Analysis: A Study of the Inferences Made from Nazi Propaganda in World War II. Evanston, Il: Rowe Petersen, 1959.

Gilmore, Allison B. You Can't Fight Tanks with Bayonets: Psychological Warfare against the Japanese Army in the Southwest Pacific. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1998. 2000. [pb]

Seamon, Proceedings 124.9 (Sep. 1998), says that the author "does a thorough and convincing job as she explains the basic differences between Japanese and American societies, and how Allied propagandists learned to exploit those differences." For Fedorowich, I&NS 17.1, the author's "lucid examination of US psychological warfare policy in the Southwest Pacific Area ... makes an important contribution to our understanding of a little known but invaluable wartime activity....The focus of Gilmore's analysis is on combat propaganda that was intended primarily to demoralize Japanese soldiers."

Hale, William Harlan. "Big Noise in Little Luxembourg." Harper's Magazine, Apr. 1946, 377-384. [Winkler]

Hawkins, Lester G., Jr., and George S. Pettee. "OWI -- Organization and Problems." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 15-33. [Winkler]

Horten, Gerd. Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda during World War II. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.

The focus here is domestic propaganda, not that to the enemy.

Jones, Alfred Haworth. "The Making of an Interventionist on the Air: Elmer Davis and CBS News." Pacific Historical Review 43 (1973): 74-93.

Jones, Dorothy B. "The Hollywood War Film: 1942-1944." Hollywood Quarterly 1 (1945-1946): 1-19. [Winkler]

Jones, Edgar L. "Fighting with Words: Psychological Warfare in the Pacific." Atlantic Monthly, Aug. 1945, 47-51. [Winkler]

Koppes, Clayton R., and Gregory D. Black. "What to Show the World: The Office of War Information and Hollywood, 1942-1945." Journal of American History 64 (1977): 87-105. [Winkler]

Landry, Robert J. "The Impact of OWI on Broadcasting." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 111-115. [Winkler]

Laurie, Clayton D. The Propaganda Warriors: America's Crusade Against Nazi Germany. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996.

Hoffman, FA 75.5 (Sep.-Oct. 1996), notes that the author "focuses on the difficulties and rivalries that plagued the agencies that were put in charge" of U.S. efforts to combat Nazi propaganda with a matching propaganda campaign. These agencies included the OSS' Moral Operations Branch, the Army's Psychological Warfare Division, and the Office of War Information (OWI). Laurie "concludes that the 'winning weapon in psychological warfare' was finally developed by the Army,... [b]ut there is no attempt here to provide evidence regarding the success of all these policies."

Lauterbach, Richard. "Elmer Davis and the News." Liberty, 23 Oct. 1943, 13, 55-58. [Winkler]

Lerner, Daniel. Sykewar: Psychological Warfare against Nazi Germany, D-Day to VE-Day. New York: Geo. W. Stewart, 1949. Psychological Warfare against Nazi Germany: The Sykewar Campaign, D-Day to VE-Day. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press, 1971. [pb]

From MIT Press: "This first full analysis and description of psychological warfare conducted by the United States and British armies against Germany" has "become a standard reference on World War II propaganda....There are chapters on policy, personnel, media, methods of operation, and effectiveness, as well as reproductions of typical propaganda leaflets, charts, and newspapers used against the Germans."

Life. Editors.

1. "Davis on the Griddle." 3 May 1943, 24-25. [Winkler]

2. "U.S. Is Losing the War of Words." 22 Mar. 1943, 11-15. [Winkler]

Linebarger, Paul M.A. Psychological Warfare. Washington, DC: Infantry Press, 1948.

Watt, I&NS 15.4, 161/fn11, comments that this "is the closest we have in American literature to a textbook for professional psychological warriors."

Margolin, Leo Jay. Paper Bullets: A Brief Story of Psychological Warfare in World War II. New York: Froben, 1946. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 2007.

In the Froben edition, the author is identified as "Field Representative of the Overseas Branch, United States Office of War information, attached to the Psychological Warfare Branch, Allied Force Headquarters, as news editor, 1943-1945."

Menefee, Selden C. "Propaganda Wins Battles." The Nation, 12 Feb. 1944, 184-186. [Winkler]

Meo, L.D. Japan's Radio War on Australia, 1941-1945. Carlton, Victoria: Melbourne University Press, 1968. [Winkler]

Morgan, Brewster. "Operation Annie." Saturday Evening Post, 9 Mar. 1946, 18-19, 37-41. [Winkler]

See also, H.H. Burger, "Episode on the Western Front:...," New York Times Magazine, 26 Nov. 1944, 5, 52; "Operation Annie...," New York Times Magazine, 17 Feb. 1946, 12-13, 48, 50; and Time, "Operation Annie," 25 Feb. 1946, 78-80.

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