WORLD WAR II

Psychological Warfare & Propaganda

A - D

 

Allport, F.H. "Broadcasting to an Enemy Country: What Appeals Are Effective and Why." Journal of Social Psychology 23 (May 1946): 217-224.

Calder: "An analysis of the strategies and language of psychological warfare by radio broadcasting during World War II."

Balfour, Michael A.G.

1. States and Minds, Reflections on Their Interaction in History. London: Cresset, 1953.

2. Propaganda in War: Organisations, Policies and Publics in Britain and Germany. London: Routledge, 1979.

Barnes, Joseph. "Fighting with Information: OWI Overseas." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 34-45. [Winkler]

Barrett, Edward W. Truth Is Our Weapon. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1953.

This book is the story of the author's service in OWI during World War II.

Black, Gregory D., and Clayton R. Koppes. "OWI Goes to the Movies: The Bureau of Intelligence's Criticism of Hollywood, 1942-1943." Prologue 6 (1974): 44-59. [Winkler]

Blue, Howard. Words at War. New York: Scarecrow Press, 2002.

From http://www.HowardBlue.com: This work "describes how seventeen radio dramatists and their actors fought a war of words against fascism abroad and injustice at home. Beginning in the late 1930s, the commercial networks, private agencies, and the government cooperated with radio dramatists to produce plays to alert Americans to the Nazi threat.... After the War ended, however, when the same radio actors and writers continued producing radio shows in the same political vein, veterans' groups, the FBI, right wing politicians and other reactionaries mounted an assault on them that went into full force after the war in a partly successful effort to drive them out of their professions."

Boehm, Edward. Behind Enemy Lines: WWII Allied/Axis Propaganda. Secaucus, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 1989.

This extensively illustrated (coffee-table) book -- drawn from the author's personal collection -- covers only the European theater but provides examples of both Allied and Axis propaganda.

[WWII/Eur/Germany; WWII/PsyWar]

Brooks, Tim. British Propaganda to France, 1940-1944: Machinery, Method and Message. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007.

Bell, I&NS 25.1 (Feb. 2010), sees the author working "systematically through the various aspects of his subject" to produce a "solid and invaluable book.... The final chapter, on black propaganda, is thin..., reflecting the slender nature of the evidence."

Bruner, Jerome S. "OWI and the American Public." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 125-133. [Winkler]

Burger, H.H.

1. "Episode on the Western Front: The Amazing Story of a Psychological Unit Which Talked a Group of Nazis into Our Lines." New York Times Magazine, 26 Nov. 1944, 5, 52.

2. "Operation Annie: Now It Can Be Told." New York Times Magazine, 17 Feb. 1946, 12-13, 48, 50. [Winkler]

See also, Brewster Morgan, "Operation Annie," Saturday Evening Post, 9 Mar. 1946, 18-19, 37-41; and Time, "Operation Annie," 25 Feb. 1946, 78-80.

Cornick, Martyn. "The BBC and the Propaganda War against Occupied France: The Work of Émile Delavenay and the European Intelligence Department." French History 8, no. 33 (1994): 316-354.

Carroll, Wallace. Persuade or Perish. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1948.

Kirkus Review (1948): "The story of psychological warfare where the battleground is the mind both of the enemy and of ourselves, by the director of the OWI in London who superintended the operations in the European theatre. A running history, this ... traces the use of psychological warfare from the bungling African campaign and the Darlan affair through the invasion of Germany and the Gotter-dammerung of Goebbels."

Childs, H.W., and J.B. Whitton, eds. Propaganda by Short Wave. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1942. [Petersen]

Colby, Benjamin. 'Twas a Famous Victory: Deception and Propaganda in the War against Germany. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1974.

From "Introduction": "This book describes some of the deception, secrecy, propaganda and falsehood employed to promote trust in Russia and hatred of Germany in a war which brought unconditional military victory and disastrous political defeat. It is concerned primarily with the period beginning with aid to Russia and ending with the policy change which sought to make friends with vanquished Germany and build it up as an ally against Russia."

Colwell, Robert T. "Radio Luxembourg: It Uses Jokes as Propaganda against the Nazis." Life, 5 Mar. 1945, 17-18. [Winkler]

[Cousins, Norman.] N.C. "Abolish the OWI?" Saturday Review of Literature, 26 May 1945, 18. [Winkler]

Cousins, Norman. "Elmer Davis, Director, Office of War Information." Saturday Review of Literature, 20 Jun. 1942, 8. [Winkler]

Cowley, Malcolm. "The Sorrows of Elmer Davis." New Republic, 3 May 1943, 591-593. [Winkler]

Cull, Nicholas John. Selling War: The British Campaign against American "Neutrality" in World War II. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Rawnsley, I&NS 12.2, comments that the author reminds readers that "the sustained British propaganda" using "every conceivable method -- overt and covert --" had, by Pearl Harbor, "created a climate where the idea of involvement might flourish.... This is a populist history, a readable story elegantly written." For Kearney, Air & Space Power, this is an "enlightening, informative, and important" work. The author "skillfully ... documents the information campaign that our ally waged from 1937 through 1941."

Darrock, Michael, and Joseph P. Dorn. "Davis and Goliath: The OWI and Its Gigantic Assignment." Harper's, Feb. 1943, 225-237. [Winkler]

Daugherty, William E., and Morris Janowitz. A Psychological Warfare Casebook. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1958. New York: Arno, 1979.

In particular, see Daugherty's article on "U.S. Psychological Warfare Organizations in World War II," pp. 126-136.

Davenport, Walter. "Free Speech -- and Mr. Davis." Collier's, 3 Jun. 1944, 11, 62, 65. [Winkler]

Davidson, Bill. "He Talked to Japan." Collier's, 13 Oct. 1945, 15, 54-56. [Winkler]

Davis, Elmer [Director/OWI]

1. "America and the War." Saturday Review of Literature, 18 May 1940, 5, 11-12.

2. "Broadcasting the Outbreak of War." Harper's, Nov. 1939, 579-588.

3. "Is England Worth Fighting For?" New Republic, 15 Feb. 1939, 35-37.

4. "OWI Has a Job." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 5-14.

5. "The Road from Munich." Harper's, Dec. 1938, 40-48.

6. "Roosevelt: The Rich Man's Alibi." Harper's, Oct. 1939, 460-468.

7. "The War and America." Harper's, Apr. 1940, 449-462.

8. "We Lose the Next War." Harper's, Mar. 1940, 337-348.

9. "What the OWI Is Doing." Saturday Review of Literature, 5 Dec. 1942, 7-9, 59. [Winkler]

Davis, Elmer, and Bryon Price. War Information and Censorship. Washington, DC: American Council on Public Affairs, n.d. [Winkler]

Davison, W. Phillips. "Policy Coordination in OWI." In A Psychological Warfare Casebook, by William E. Daugherty and Morris Janowitz, 303-309. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1958.

Doob, Leonard W. "The Utilization of Social Scientists in the Overseas Branch of the Office of War Information." American Political Science Review 41, no. 4 (Aug. 1947): 649-667.

Dryer, Sherman H. Radio in Wartime. New York: Greenberg, 1942.

Woolbert, FA (Apr. 1943): "A critical examination and appraisal of the function of American radio" during WWII, "with suggestions for increasing its usefulness. The author is director of radio production at the University of Chicago."

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