Operations in/against Other Countries

H - Z


Hansen, Peer Henrik.

1. Second to None: US Intelligence Activities in Northern Europe 1943-1946. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Republic of Letters Publishing, 2011.

Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011) and Intelligencer 19.1 (Winter-Spring 2012), :notes that this work covers both World War II and immediate postwar relations between the Allies and the Danish Intelligence Service. The author's "research in US and Danish archives has produced a unique book on a topic not treated in any depth elsewhere."

2. "When the Americans Came to Europe: U.S. Intelligence in Northern Europe 1943-46." American Intelligence Journal 26, no. 2 (Winter 2008-2009): 42-53.

The focus here is on OSS (in competition with the British) activities concerning Denmark during and immediately after World War II. "Mutual interest [between the United States and Denmark] created a close cooperation in 1945-46 that eventually resulted in more formal agreements about joint HUMINT and SIGINT actitivies."

Heimark, Bruce H. The OSS Norwegian Special Operations Group in World War II. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood, 1994.

Surveillant 4.1: "Heimark investigates the conduct of unconventional warfare as one of the many OGs [operational groups] parachuted deep behind enemy lines in German occupied countries."

Irwin, Will [LTCOL/USA (Ret.)]. Abundance of Valor: Resistance, Survival, and Liberation, 1944-45. New York: Presidio, 2010.

In this telling of the Operation Market Garden disaster the focus is on the three Jedburgh teams "dropped farthest behind enemy lines in support of the Allied operation. Of the nine men who made up those three teams, three were killed in action, three were wounded, and two were captured.... This is the true story of how these courageous men prepared for the mission, how they fought, how some of them died, and how two men survived different but equally harrowing ordeals to make their way back to friendly territory." (xviii) Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011), finds Abundance of Valor to be a "well documented book."

Isaacson, Irving. Memoirs of an American Spy: The Story of the First OSS Spy in the Cold War with the Russians. Cushing, ME: Stones Point Press, 2001.

Berube, NIPQ 18.2/3, says that this is "a readable book, told in a simple, conversational narrative." It offers "a very personal, ground view of the latter days of WWII and the early Cold War." The author's "description of the early OSS iintelligence operations in Eastern Europe is of particular interest because it is lacking in more general books."

Kloman, Erasmus H. Assignment Algiers: With the OSS in the Mediterranean Theater. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2005.

From publisher: As OSS Acting Chief of Operations in the Mediterranean Theater, the author "helped organize and coordinate the actions of Special Operations (SO) teams that infiltrated Italy and occupied-France." The author "provides a fascinating inside view of the 'shadow war' within the larger conflagration of World War II."

Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), comments that the author's "narrative is something more than a first-hand account of OSS operations from a staff officer's perspective." Although Kloman tells of the OSS role supporting French partisans and the Italian resistance, "he also includes the day-to-day difficulties encountered with the often uncooperative British and the persistent confusion within OSS itself -- both of which limited the impact OSS had on the war.... In his perceptive epilogue, Kloman looks back on his wartime OSS service and the influence of the organization on postwar intelligence."

Mark, Eduard. "The OSS in Romania, 1944-45: An Intelligence Operation of the Early Cold War." Intelligence and National Security 9, no. 2 (Apr. 1994): 320-344.

Wisner's "first priority was to establish 'the intentions of the Soviet Union regarding Romania'.... The vaunted 'Bishop traffic' ... consisted of fabrications, ambitious but crude.... The best that can be said of the 'Bishop traffic' is that it met with little acceptance outside of the American legation in Bucharest. Even there its influence should not be exaggerated.... Probably the most immediately [?useful] information from Bucharest was the German order of battle information that Madison and Roberts obtained from Soviet headquarters through a Romanian intermediary.... In sum, OSS Bucharest was an indifferently conducted operation in difficult circumstances, which none the less produced some useful if unspectacular[] information."

Naftali, Timothy J. "ARTIFICE: James Angleton and X-2 Operations in Italy." In The Secrets War: The Office of Strategic Services in World War II, ed. George C. Chalou, 218-245. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992.

O'Donnell, Patrick K. The Brenner Assignment: The Untold Story of the Most Daring Spy Mission of World War II. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo, 2008.

Goulden, Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), says that the author "is a military historian of talent, and this work reflects a tremendous amount of work." The subject matter is the OSS operation to slow the German retreat from Italy by clogging the Brenner Pass. To Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), O'Donnell provides "captivating prose, which is well-cited and based on excellent primary source research."

For Liimatainen, AIJ 27.1 (Fall 2009), this work "is a well-written, exhaustively researched tribute to those who participated in some of the most dangerous missions of WWII." Swaim, A&SPJ 26.3 (Fall 2011), says the author "energetically weav[es] historical fact into an exciting, page-turning drama that reads like the best of adventure fiction."

Perdue, Robert E., Jr. Behind the Lines in Greece: The Story of Operational Group II. Bethesda, MD: Self-Published, n.d. []

From author: This book tells "the story of twenty-two enlisted men and two officers of [OSS] Operational Group [OG] II..., who served in German-occupied Greece in 1944." It "is based primarily on documents in the U. S. National Archives, including the official history of OG II. Other Archives sources include a record of the debriefing of the first leader of OG II, Lt. John Giannaris,... the diary of Robert Moyers, the OSS dentist serving as a physician..., the recently released 'consolidated 201 files' of the men of OG II, and material from interviews with Giannaris and Nicholas Pappas (second leader of OG II)."

Peterecz, Zoltan. "Sparrow Mission: A US Intelligence Failure during World War II." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 2 (Apr. 2012): 241-260.

"The inefficient planning, awkward timing, lack of proper secrecy, and ultimate failure of the Sparrow Mission in March 1944 encouraged the German occupation of Hungary." See Duke, Name, Rank and Serial Number (1969).

Wilber, Donald N. Adventures in the Middle East: Excursions and Incursions. Princeton, NJ: Darwin, 1986.

Haglund, I&NS 4.3, notes Wilber's claim to have both developed the concept for Operation Ajax and played a major role in making that plan operational. Nevertheless, there is "not ... much new information about US intelligence operations in the Middle East, either during the 1950s or during the war, when Wilber was an OSS agent in Iran."

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