WORLD WAR II

OSS

Individuals

N - Z

Nelson, Wayne. A Spy's Diary of World War II: Inside the OSS with an American Agent in Europe. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.

Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), notes that the diary entries cover from February 1943 to February 1945 and include operations on Sardinia, Corsica, Italy, and southern France.

Nelson, Wayne. "Women Spies of the OSS." World War II (Jun. 1997) [http://www.historynet.com]. "Female Spies Rendered Valuable Service to the OSS in the Days Following the Invasion of Southern France." CIRA Newsletter 22, no. 3 (Winter 1997-1998): 27-30.

Nelson was with the Strategic Service Section detachment with the 36th Division, U.S. Seventh Army, in the Fall of 1944 when it crossed the Moselle River. He shares some stories here of courage and ingenuity on the part of female agents in across-the-line missions.

Nouzille, Vincent. L'espionne: Virginia Hall, une Americaine dans la guerre. Paris: Fayard, 2007.

Foot, Studies 53.1 (Mar. 2009), says that this is an "excellent account of one of the war's most remarkable secret agents...; a translation into English would be most welcome." It "is a great improvement" over Pearson, The Wolves at the Door (2005). See also, Miller, "MI Corps Hall of Fame: Virginia Hall," Military Intelligence 20.3 (1994).

Olsen, Harvey W. The Signature Man: Tales of a Detached Rear. New York: Vantage, 1994.

Surveillant 3.6: In this "brief, diary format" book, Olsen "tells of his secret role in the OSS."

Pearson, Judith L. The Wolves at the Door: The True Story of America's Greatest Female Spy. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2005.

Clark comment: This is a biography of Virginia Hall, who served with both SOE and OSS in German-occupied France. Peake, Studies 49.4 (2005), notes that the author has worked with recently released SOE and OSS files in telling the "fascinating story" of a "genuine heroine." See also, Nouzille, L'espionne: Virginia Hall, une Americaine dans la guerre (2007); and Miller, "MI Corps Hall of Fame: Virginia Hall," Military Intelligence 20.3 (1994).

Platt, Rorin M. "A Cavalier in Cloak: Francis Pickens Miller, Interventionism, and the Secret War Against Hitler." Intelligencer 18, no. 2 (Winter-Spring 2011): 33-35.

An active internationalist and interventionist before World War II, Miller had "responsibility for the 'planning, mounting and launching'" of Operation Sussex, the dropping of "fifty 2-man teams throughout northern France in advance of the Allied landings" in Normandy.

Putney, Diane T., ed. Ultra and the Army Air Forces in World War II: An Interview with Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1987.

According to Sexton, Powell served as Ultra liaison officer with the U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe. Here, he gives "valuable insights into the use made of ULTRA in target selection and Anglo American intelligence cooperation." Bates, NIPQ 13.3, notes that the interview "is heavily footnoted. Each time he mentions an individual a footnote provides a short biography. When he mentions an operation, battle or event, it is described in a footnote. These additions make the main text all the more meaningful." See also, Jeffries, Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr.: A Biography (1994).

Quigley, Martin S.

"Martin S. Quigley, an executive with movie-industry trade publications who used his ties to the film world as cover for espionage in Europe during World War II, died" at the age of 93 on 5 February 2011. Adam Bernstein, "Martin Quigley, Who Used Film Work as Cover for World War II Espionage, Dies," Washington Post, 11 Feb. 2011.

1. Peace Without Hiroshima: Secret Action at the Vatican in Spring, 1945. Lanham, MD: Madison, 1991.

Surveillant 1.5 notes that Quigley, a former OSS officer, has used "recently declassified US and Japanese documents" to describe "secret communications between Washington and Tokyo. The peace talks were initiated in the Spring of 1945 with a Vatican diplomat, a Japanese priest, and Tokyo's ambassador to the Vatican." According to Wandres, NIPQ 9.3, this is a "personal narrative." The author "still remains puzzled about what went wrong"; he "doesn't know why the peace initiatives were not followed up."

2. A U.S. Spy in Ireland. Dublin: Marino, 1999.

From back cover: The author was sent undercover to Ireland by OSS in 1943. He expresses the view that the Irish government, rather than being pro-German, as has sometimes been portrayed, instead tacitly supported the Allies, while maintaining a semblance of neutrality.

Rossiter, Margaret. Women in the Resistance. New York: Praeger, 1991.

The stories include that of OSS officer Virginia Hall.

Saxon, Wolfgang. "Henry Hyde Is Dead at 82; Wartime Spymaster for O.S.S." New York Times, 8 Apr. 1997, A14 (N).

Hyde died on 5 April 1997. During World War II, he ran Operation Penny Farthing, a network of spies in occupied France that has been credited with assisting the Allies in planning for the landings in the south of France and at Normandy (see Persico, Piercing the Reich). He replaced Allen Dulles as the OSS station chief in Switzerland after VE-Day. In 1947, he returned to the practice of international law in New York. See also, Telegraph (London), "Henry Hyde: Wartime Spy-Master Whose Network of Agents in Europe Obtained Vital Details of German Troop Movements," 17 May 1997.

Singlaub, John K. [MGEN/USA (Ret.)], and Malcolm McConnell. Hazardous Duty: An American Soldier in the Twentieth Century. New York: Summit, 1991. [pb] Old Tappan, NJ: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

On 20 March 2015, "[t]wo paver stones outlining the career of retired Maj. Gen. John K. Singlaub were installed outside the Airborne & Special Operations Museum" (ASOM) in Fayetteville, NC. The museum executive director "noted that ASOM policy limits veterans to be honored on only one paver, but an exception was made for Singlaub. 'We just couldn't do it,' he said of fitting Singlaub's career on one stone." Drew Brooks, "Retired Maj. Gen. John K. Singlaub Honored at Airborne & Special Operations Museum," Fayetteville Observer, 20 Mar. 2015.

Clark comment: John Singlaub is a political troglodyte of the first order, but saying that neither describes him nor does him justice. Singlaub's honesty and integrity are so real that they have an almost tangible quality. Foolish, he may have been but never false. From his jump into occupied France with the OSS (Bill Casey was his case officer) to postwar China with the CIA to Korea and Vietnam and back to Korea with two stars and an attitude, John Singlaub lived for service to the country he loves and believes in. The funny thing is that Carter's plan to withdraw U.S. ground forces from Korea really was ill-advised. His story after the end of his military career is much less interesting, even with the involvement in Iran-Contra. I would not choose to side with the General in a political discussion, but I sure would want him on my side in a fight.

Surveillant 1.6/2.6 says that "General Singlaub ... provides a window on four decades of overt and covert operations with personal accounts of the heroes and scoundrels of America's intelligence and military elite." Gugliotta, WPNWE, 23-29 Sep. 1991, finds that Singlaub is "on safe ground" as long as he sticks with narrating events, but his political commentary on events "remains shallow and one-dimensional." Despite working with most of the main characters in Iran-Contra, Singlaub "offers few fresh insights" into the affair.

Smith, Nicol, and Blake Clark. Into Siam: Underground Kingdom. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1946.

According to Sacquety, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), the author "was the OSS liaison officer for the [Free] Thai group." See also, Karr, Traveler of the Crossroads (1995).

Sullivan, Patricia. "Operative's Missives Weakened Enemy Soldiers' Morale." Washington Post, 22 Aug. 2009. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Barbara Lauwers Podoski, 95, who launched one of the most successful psychological operations campaigns of World War II, which resulted in the surrender of more than 600 Czechoslovakian soldiers fighting for the Germans, died" on 16 August 2009 "at the Veterans Affairs hospital in Washington."

Tomkins, Peter.

1. "Intelligence and Operational Support for the Anti-Nazi Resistance: The OSS and Italian Partisans in World War II." Studies in Intelligence, Spring 1998, 95-103.

The author, who "served in the OSS and spent five months behind German lines in Italy," reviews what he believes to be the neglected "contribution of Italian anti-Fascist partisans to the campaign in Italy."

2. A Spy in Rome. New York: Avon, 1962.

The author "served in the OSS and spent five months behind German lines in Italy." (Studies in Intelligence, Spring 1998)

Troy, Thomas F.

1. "'George': OSS's FBI Secret." In In the Name of Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Walter Pforzheimer, eds. Hayden B. Peake and Samuel Halpern, 479-498. Washington, DC: NIBC Press, 1994.

Troy tells the story of the dispute over intelligence operations in Latin America between J. Edgar Hoover, on one side, and William J. Donovan and William S. Stephenson, on the other. In the middle was "George," an anti-Nazi refugee.

2. ed. Wartime Washington: The Secret OSS Journal of James Grafton Rogers, 1942-1943. Frederick, MD: UPA, 1987.

Although Rogers was OSS' Chief of Planning, Haglund, I&NS 4.3, finds that his journal "hardly tells anything ... about the operations (espionage, sabotage, and the like) it was his job to plan.... If Rogers is lean on operational detail, he is a veritable cornucopia of political intelligence and just plain gossip." The journal "is a readable first-person account, admirably annotated by Troy, of many major players and issues in the third Roosevelt administration."

Vecchioni, Domenico. Cynthia: la spia che cambiò il corso della seconda guerra mondiale [Cynthia: The Spy Who Changed the Course of the Second World War]. Milan: EURA Pr. Ed. Italiane, 2002.

Amy Elizabeth Thorpe. See Mary S. Lovell, Cast No Shadow: The Life of the American Spy Who Changed the Course of World War II (New York: Pantheon Books, 1992).

Wandres, J. "John Ford, Intelligence Photographer." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 10, no. 3 (Summer 1994): 8-9.

Activities of Ford and OSS' Field Photo Branch in World War II.

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