WORLD WAR II

OSS

Individuals

I - M

Jeffries, John C., Jr. Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr.: A Biography. Riverside, NJ: Scribner's, 1994.

Surveillant 3.6: This is a "judicious biography" by a former law clerk. It includes "Powell's early work in OSS and his role in ULTRA intelligence." See also, Putney, ed., Ultra and the Army Air Forces in World War II: An Interview with Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Lewis F. Powell, Jr (1987).

Karr, Sharon E. Traveler of the Crossroads: The Life of Adventurer Nicol Smith. Jacksonville, OR: Log Cabin Manuscripts, 1995.

Surveillant 4.2: "For OSS, Smith served as assistant to Admiral Leahy, the U.S. ambassador in Vichy," and later moved to "a two and a half year assignment" in Asia, "leading twenty-one Thais on a mission to contact the Thai underground" (Operation Siren). The author "has done a splendid job faithfully recording explicit details of the major OSS activities of Smith." See also, Nicol Smith and Blake Clark, Into Siam: Underground Kingdom (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1946).

Kloman, Erasmus H. Assignment Algiers: With the OSS in the Mediterranean Theater. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2005.

From publisher: As OSS Acting Chief of Operations in the Mediterranean Theater, the author "helped organize and coordinate the actions of Special Operations (SO) teams that infiltrated Italy and occupied-France." The author "provides a fascinating inside view of the 'shadow war' within the larger conflagration of World War II."

Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), comments that the author's "narrative is something more than a first-hand account of OSS operations from a staff officer's perspective." Although Kloman tells of the OSS role supporting French partisans and the Italian resistance, "he also includes the day-to-day difficulties encountered with the often uncooperative British and the persistent confusion within OSS itself -- both of which limited the impact OSS had on the war.... In his perceptive epilogue, Kloman looks back on his wartime OSS service and the influence of the organization on postwar intelligence."

Knox, Daphne Joan Fry (Tuyl). How Long Till Dawn: Memoirs of One of the Charter Members and Original Founders of the Resistance Movement in Algiers and a Member of OSS during World War II. Parker, CO: Outskirts Press, 2014.

Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), finds this "an interesting tale of a little-known aspect of the WWII intelligence story."

Lankford, Nelson D.

1. The Last American Aristocrat: The Biography of David K.E. Bruce, 1898-1977. New York: Little, Brown, 1996.

Clark comment: David Bruce joined Donovan's Coordinator of Information (COI) in 1941 and served in it and its successor, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), until late 1945. As head of OSS activities in the European Theater of Operations, he participated in the Allied deception plans that cloaked the invasion of Normandy and organized and directed the Sussex and Jedburgh teams that parachuted into occupied Europe. His postwar career took him to ambassadorships in Germany, Britain, the Vietnam peace talks, China, and NATO -- all in all, a life of public service with few equals.

Thomas, WPNWE, 19-25 Aug. 1996, calls this biography "readable," and notes the author's respect for his subject and sensitivity "to the tragedies that darkened his life." The author covers Bruce's years in the OSS, and recounts later dealings with U.S. intelligence while at the State Department and as an ambassador.

2. ed. OSS Against the Reich: The World War II Diaries of Colonel David K.E. Bruce. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 1991.

Surveillant 1.5 comments that "Lankford obtained the diaries of Bruce and worked with his wife to present a well-rounded portrait of Bruce's OSS activities as London Branch Chief."

On the other hand, MacPherson, I&NS 7.3, finds the picture presented less than well-rounded, arguing instead that there is "very little here for the student of OSS." He finds the diaries little more than "a name-dropping travel and epicurean guide to various wartime theatres.... There are no entries whatsoever concerning the critical pre-OVERLORD developments in OSS/London."

Lees, Lorraine M. "DeWitt Clinton Poole, the Foreign Nationalities Branch and Political Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 4 (Winter 2000): 81-103.

"The approach taken by Poole and FNB with the Yugoslavs provides an excellent example of the kind of political intelligence the FNB provided under Poole's tutelage, while previewing the Soviet-American antagonism that would mark the Cold War."

Lippman, Thomas W. Arabian Knight: Colonel Bill Eddy USMC and the Rise of American Power in the Middle East. Vista, CA: Selwa Press, 2008.

From publisher: "Lippman has used the astonishing life of Bill Eddy to trace the rise of American involvement in the region -- from a handshake between FDR and Ibn Saud on the deck of an American cruiser in 1945 to the first Marine landing in Lebanon in 1958.... Arabian Knight is the rare book that fuses biography and political history.... It is the story of a warrior, a scholar, a spymaster and a diplomat."

Peake, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), and Intelligencer 18.2 (Winter-Spring 2011), comments that "[t]he discussion of the evolving CIA-State relationship is particularly good.... A well done biography of a fine officer."

Lovell, Mary S. Cast No Shadow: The Life of the American Spy Who Changed the Course of World War II. New York: Pantheon Books, 1992.

MacDonald, Alexander. A Wandering Spy Was I. Kearney, NE: Morris Publishing, 1997.

MacDonald landed in Bangkok with Jim Thompson just before the end of the war. For a short period, he was OSS station chief and ranking American officer in Thailand. [Bergin, 55.4 Studies (Dec. 2011]

Mansfield, Stephanie. The Richest Girl in the World: The Extravagant Life and Fast Times of Doris Duke. New York: Putnam's, 1992.

Surveillant 2.5: "A very brief involvement with OSS [in 1945] is described here."

Mellon, Paul, and John Baskett. Reflections in a Silverspoon: A Memoir. New York: Morrow, 1992.

Surveillant 3.1: "Pages 183 to 226 are the only ones of direct interest..., [covering] employment with OSS in July 1943."

Miller, Gene E. [SFC/USA] "MI Corps Hall of Fame: Virginia Hall." Military Intelligence 20, no. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1994): 44-45.

[1]

Adapted from Lawrence J. Cerri, Army Magazine (Feb. 1988). Using the pseudonym of Marcella Montagne, the "Incredible Limping Lady" served in France with SOE and the French underground and, later, in OSS' Operation Heckler preparatory to Operation Overlord. See also, Nouzille, L'espionne: Virginia Hall, une Americaine dans la guerre (2007); and Pearson, The Wolves at the Door (2005).

[1. Photo from: https://www.cia.gov/cia/ciakids/history/vhall.html]

Montalván , Luis Carlos. "Liberazione d'Ialia: One Woman's War." American Intelligence Jouranl 28, n0o. 2 (2010): 87-93.

The life and especially the World War II years in OSS of Myrtle Vacirca-Quinn.

Moon, Thomas M.

1. This Grim and Savage Game: OSS and the Beginning of U.S. Covert Operations in World War II. Los Angeles, CA: Burning Gate Press, 1991.

From publisher: "Follows the career of Colonel Carl Eifler in the earliest days of the O.S.S. in action in Africa, Europe, and Asia on rescue missions, intelligence gathering, kidnap plans, secret invasions, and many other operations." Surveillant 1.6 notes that "Moon was the youngest agent of the OSS."

2. and Carl F. Eifler. The Deadliest Colonel. New York: Vantage, 1975.

Eifler headed OSS Det 101 in Burma. See also, David A. Philips, "The Toughest, Deadliest Hombre," in Military Intelligence: Its Heroes and Legends, 87-99 (Arlington Hall Station, VA: U.S. Army Intelligence & Security Command, 1987).

Morgan, William J. The OSS and I. New York: Norton, 1957.

Robert McG. Thomas, Jr., "William Morgan, 85, Part of Famed Child-Custody Case, Dies," New York Times, 5 Mar. 1996, C20: "William J. Morgan, a psychologist who fought the Germans and Japanese behind enemy lines in World War II ... and later thwarted American courts by keeping his granddaughter away from a father whom her mother had accused of sexual abuse, died on [2 March 1996] in Bethesda, Md."

Morgan (born Willie Mitrano) grew up poor in Rochester, graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Rochester; worked his way through Yale graduate school; and suppressed his "unfit for overseas duty" classification (he was blind in one eye) to launch an Army career "testing and training spies" for the OSS "outside of London. He later parachuted into occupied France to organize guerrilla attacks on the German army and served behind enemy lines fighting the Japanese in China." An original member of the CIA, he "specialized in selecting and training American spies." He later served "as a psychological strategy specialist with the White House" under Truman and Eisenhower.

Return to OSS Table of Contents