The Office of Strategic Services

General Overviews

S - T

Salter, Michael.

1. "Intelligence Agencies and War Crimes Prosecution: Allen Dulles's Involvement in Witness Testimony at Nuremberg." Journal of International Criminal Justice 2 (2004): 826-854.

See also, Lorie Charlesworth and Michael Salter, "Ensuring the After-Life of the Ciano Diaries: Allen Dulles' Provision of Nuremberg Trial Evidence," I&NS 21.4 (Aug. 2006): 568-603.

2. Nazi War Crimes, U.S. Intelligence and Selective Prosecution at Nuremburg: Controversies Regarding the Role of the Office of Strategic Services. New York: Routledge-Cavendish, 2007.

Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), finds that "[m]ost of this very detailed book dwells" on the contribution of the former OSS's war crimes staff." It also "details the involvement in Nuremberg of OSS Director William Donovan." After OSS was disbanded in 1945, "Donovan was assigned to the Nuremburg trials as deputy to Robert Jackson.... Donovan had definite views on the trials' handling, and they conflicted sharply with Jackson's.... [T]he differences with Jackson led to Donovan's dismissal." The book "is comprehensive" and, with one exception, "thoroughly documented with primary sources."

3. "The Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals and the OSS: The Need for a New Research Agenda." Journal of Intelligence History 2, no. 1 (Summer 2002). [http://www.]

From abstract: The author proposes "a new research program addressing the constructive role played by different branches of the OSS in supporting the Nuremberg war crimes prosecutors, partly as a worthwhile topic in its own right but also as a much-needed corrective to the lack of balance within the present literature addressing the involvement of U.S. intelligence agencies with Nazi war crimes issues."

Smith, Bradley F. The Shadow Warriors: O.S.S. and the Origins of the C.I.A. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

Despite its title, Bradley Smith's The Shadow Warriors focuses on OSS and World War II. In fact, Petersen regards this as "the best available full treatment of OSS." NameBase comments that Smith "concentrates more on Donovan's bureaucratic wars in Washington than on the campaigns in the field." Powers, Intelligence Wars (2004), p. 12, and NYRB, 12 May 1983, says that this work "contains many useful bits..., but it is dull to read." The concluding chapter "identifies the many ways in which the CIA, especially in its early years, learned the wrong lessons from the experience of the OSS."

Smith, Richard Harris. OSS: The Secret History of America's First Central Intelligence Agency. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972. New York: Dell, 1973. [pb] Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981. Guilford, CT: Lyons, 2005.

According to Pforzheimer, material released since its publication lessens the utility of Smith's work, but "it still has merits." The book contains "some errors of fact, which, taken with some biased views of the author, make for uneven reading. Therefore, the book must be read with some caution." For Kent, Studies 17.1 (Spring 1973), the author "writes engagingly" and "the earmarks of scholarly endeavor ... stuck out all over the book." In the end, however, the reviewer criticizes this work on the basis of "general approach, approach to sourcing and the sourcing itself, errors, and omissions."

Constantinides argues that while the book may be inadequate today, "it is still used as a reference because of its many merits." If nothing else, Smith moved writing about the OSS "away from the postwar pattern of melodramatic accounts of derring-do." However, Lowenthal feels that Smith "tends to overemphasize operations and their effect on the war."

Smyth, Howard McGaw. "The Ciano Papers: Rose Garden." Studies in Intelligence 13, no. 2 (Spring 1969): 1-63.

The author provides substantial detail in telling the story of how the remarkable documents that were Ciano's diaries and supporting papers made their way into American hands.

Soley, Lawrence C. Radio Warfare: OSS and CIA Subversive Propaganda. New York: Praeger, 1989.

Taylor, I&NS 8.4, calls Radio Warfare an "invaluable book about the origins of ... psychological operations.... [It is] well-researched."

Soulier, Dominique. Le plan Sussex: Opération ultra secrète tripartite américano-franco-britannique, 1943-1944. Strasbourg: Ronald Hirlé, 2009. [Capet]

Thomas, Martin. "The Discarded Leader: General Henri Giraud and the Foundation of the French Committee of National Liberation." French History 10, no. 1 (1996): 100-131.

Calder: Discusses the political intrigues in determining who would "lead French resistance" and OSS' "primacy in intelligence and covert operations in the Middle East."

Troy, Thomas F. "Knifing of the OSS." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no. 3 (1986): 95-108.

This article focuses on Walter Trohan's February 1945 articles attacking the plans for continuation of OSS. Troy proposes Harry Hopkins as the facilitator of the attack on Donovan and the OSS.

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