WORLD WAR II

The Office of Strategic Services

General Overviews

F - K

Finnegan, John P. Military Intelligence: A Picture History. Arlington, VA: History Office, U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, 1985. 2d. ed. Washington, DC: GPO, 1992.

Petersen says that Finnegan's work "contains valuable narrative description of military intelligence developments." To Sexton, the work is a "balanced overview." [Pages 26-32 cover OSS operations; pp. 116-127 are devoted to the Korean War.] FILS 12.4 calls the book a "valuable introductory study of the subject."

Foot, M.R.D. "A Comparison of SOE and OSS." In British and American Approaches to Intelligence, ed. K.G. Robertson, 153-165. London : Macmillan, 1987.

Ford, Corey, and Alastair MacBain. Cloak and Dagger: The Secret Story of the OSS. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1945. New York: Random House, 1946.

Kent, Studies 17.1 (Spring 1973), comments that this book "contains scarcely a paragraph without some dismal error of omission or commisssion."

Fraser-Smith, Charles, with Kevin Logan. Secret Warriors: Hidden Heroes of MI6, OSS, MI9, SOE & SAS. Exeter, UK: Paternoster, 1984. 1989. [pb]

"Charles Fraser-Smith, the gadget-designing genius on whom the character 'Q' in the James Bond novels ... was modeled," died on 9 November 1992. "He was a master of disguising tools in ordinary objects." Barron, "Charles Fraser-Smith, Mr. Gadget For James Bond Tales, Dies at 88," New York Times, 13 Nov. 1992. See also, Porter, The Man Who Was Q (1989).

Funk, Arthur Layton. "American Contacts with the Resistance in France, 1940-1943." Military Affairs 34, no. 1 (Feb. 1970).

Funk, Arthur Layton. "The OSS in Algiers." In The Secrets War: The Office of Strategic Services in World War II, ed. George C. Chalou. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1992.

Hogan, David W., Jr. U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II. CMH Publication 70-42. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1992

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Special Operations in the Mediterranean

... The Office of Strategic Services in the Mediterranean

Chapter 3. Special Operations in the European Theater

... The Jedburghs and Operational Groups in France

Chapter 5. Special Operations in the China-Burma-India Theater

OSS Detachment 101...

The Office of Strategic Services in China

The Office of Strategic Services in Southeast Asia

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Holmström, Lauri. "Finland in American Intelligence, 1941-1944." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 4 (Aug. 2010): 479-499.

"The good pre-war relations between Finland and the United States were of vital importance during the Second World War.... At times, the task of intelligence was to substitute for official connections in a period when normal state-to-state were not possible to maintain."

Hymoff, Edward. The OSS in World War II. New York: Ballantine, 1972. [pb] New York: Richardson & Steirman, 1986.

Hymoff's obituary in the New York Times, "Edward Hymoff Dies; Media Executive, 67," 11 Jul. 1992, does not mention his service with OSS in World War II.

Jakub, Jay. Spies and Saboteurs: Anglo-American Collaboration and Rivalry in Human Intelligence Collection and Special Operations, 1940-45. London: Macmillan, 1998. New York: St. Martin's, 1999.

Jonkers, AFIO WIN, 7 May 1999, notes that this book "is based almost exclusively on recently declassified OSS and British intelligence documents and survivor interviews.... Excellent reading for students of history." Wiant, Studies 46.1, comments on the author's focus on "how OSS matured as a field-operating agency and increasingly developed the capacity for independence from its early British mentoring."

For Smith, I&NS 14.3, this is "an excellent work which has cast much new and clear light on William J. Donovan and the COI/OSS." Jakub has provided "an organizational history of the COI/OSS, as well as a summary study of its field operations, stage by stage from 1941 to 1945.... [In addition,] he traces the stresses and strains engendered by the closeness of Anglo-American secret activity partnership.... The bibliography and notes of sources cited clearly show that the author has done his homework."

Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. "The Role of British Intelligence in the Mythologies Underpinning the OSS and Early CIA." Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 5-19. And in American-British-Canadian Intelligence Relations 1939-2000, eds David Stafford and Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, 5-19. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2000.

Abstract: "Two mythologies helped to underpin the OSS and early CIA. One was the Miracle Thesis [attributed by the author to Ray Cline], which held that US intelligence was inadequate in the interwar years, but miraculously recovered in World War II with British help. The moral of this tale was that you cannot always rely on miracles, so it is best to have an ever-ready peacetime intelligence capability. The second myth stemmed from the Conspiracy Thesis, according to which the British manipulated American intelligence in furtherance of their own imperial designs. Though contrary to the first myth, this one, too, played into the hands of CIA boosters, as it suggested that a full US intelligence capability was necessary to the defence of American sovereignty."

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