WORLD WAR II

Far East and Pacific Theaters

Philippines

L - Z

Lapham, Robert, and Bernard Norling. Lapham's Raiders: Guerrillas in the Philippines, 1942-1945. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.

Clark comment: Although this work is presented in the (Lapham) first person, Norling is the real author, working from Lapham's personal recollections and other interview and documentary sources. After slipping away from Bataan before its fall to the Japanese, Lapham put together the Luzon Guerrilla Armed Forces (LGAF), the third largest guerrilla group on Luzon. The LGAF served both as an intelligence-collection and fighting force.

Owens, William A. Eye-Deep in Hell: A Memoir of the Liberation of the Philippines, 1944-45. Dallas, TX: SMU Press, 1989.

http://carlisle-www.army.mil: "By CIC agent whose contacts incl[uded] Huks."

Phillips, Claire ("High Pockets"), and Myron R. Goldsmith. Manila Espionage. Portland, OR: Binfords & Mort, 1947.

See Brian Libby, "Manila Mata Hari," 14 Jan. 2011, at: http://www.portlandmonthlymag.com/arts-and-entertainment/articles/ana-fey-january-2011.

Ramsey, Edwin P., and Stephen J. Rivele. Lieutenant Ramsey's War: From Horse Soldier to Guerrilla Commander. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 1996.

From publisher: "After leading the last cavalry charge in U.S. history during the fall of the Philippines in 1942, Lt. Ed Ramsey joined the Filipino resistance and rose to command more than 40,000 guerrillas.... Lieutenant Ramsey's War chronicles a remarkable true story of courage and perseverance." Crerar, AIJ 16.2/3, calls this "a classic, worthy of being placed next to T.E. Lawrence's Seven Pillars of Wisdom."

Rottman, Gordon L. The Cabanatuan Prison Raid: The Philippines 1945. Oxford: Osprey, 2009.

From publisher: "On January 27, 1945, the 6th Ranger Battalion and the 6th Army Special Reconnaissance Unit (the Alamo Scouts) began the most dangerous and important mission of their careers to rescue 500 American, British and Dutch prisoners-of-war held at a camp near Cabanatuan.... [W]ith the help of a Filipino guerilla force, they managed to liberate 513 prisoners and kill 225 Japanese in 15 minutes, while only suffering two losses themselves." See also, Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2002).

Sakakida, Richard, and Wayne S. Kiyosaki. A Spy in Their Midst: The World War II Struggle of a Japanese-American Hero. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1995.

According to Surveillant 4.4/5, Sakakida was captured by the Japanese while working as a U.S. Army spy in the Philippines. He "narrowly escaped a death sentence and was assigned to the office of a Japanese official, where he gained valuable military information for MacArthur and engineered a daring prison break that freed a Filipino guerrilla leader and hundreds of his followers." Mercado, IJI&C 12.2, finds that Dr. Kiyosaki "paints a colorful portrait of Sakakida as a CIC agent..., [but] leaves too many gaps in the story." Nonetheless, it is an "inspiring story of perseverance in duty."

Simpson, William Brand. Special Agent in the Pacific, WWII: Counter-Intelligence -- Military, Political and Economic. New York: Rivercross, 1995.

Surveillant 4.4/5: "Simpson provides a full account of counter-intelligence activities at the close of WWII and the early postwar years in the Philippines and Japan."

Sides, Hampton. Ghost Soldiers: The Forgotten Epic Story of World War II's Most Dramatic Mission. New York: Random House, 2002.

According to Pounder, Air & Space Power [http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil], this is the story of how "a battalion of 200 U.S. Army Rangers and Filipino Scouts stormed the Cabanatuan POW Camp, rescuing hundreds of American and British prisoners" in early 1945. The author, "[e]xpertly mixing POW camp vignettes with details of the rescue mission,... has produced a stirring, memorable narrative" that is "[c]ompetently researched and superbly written." See also, Rottman, The Cabanatuan Prison Raid (2009).

Stahl, Bob. You're No Good to Me Dead: Behind Japanese Lines in the Philippines. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

From publisher: "One of the best-kept secrets of World War II is the story of the Allied Intelligence Bureau (AIB), the Pacific theater's equivalent of the OSS. Inserted miles behind enemy lines, AIB agents established intelligence networks and guerrilla armies in advance of invasion, all while living off the land and avoiding enemy patrols. This is one agent's extraordinary account of 15 harrowing months 1,500 miles behind Japanese lines." Crerar, AIJ 16.2/3, sees this as "a compelling memoir, with insights for current and future special operations personnel."

Volckmann, Russell W. We Remained: Three Years Behind the Enemy Lines in the Philippines. New York: Norton, 1954.

"When Bataan fell in 1942 [Col. Russell W. Volckmann] took to the hills and organized one of the best guerrilla teams in the Philippines. By the time the U.S. forces came back, Volckmann and his band had already cleared the Japs from a large portion of northwestern Luzon's mountains. Throughout the Luzon campaign Volckmann and his Ilocanos ... worked on their own within the planning orbit of Lieut. General Walter Krueger's Sixth Army. With air support they ... kept the Japanese nervously watching on every side." Time, "Volckmann's Guerrillas," 2 Jul. 1945. See also, Guardia, American Guerrilla (2010).

Willoughby, Charles A., comp. The Guerrilla Resistance Movement in the Philippines 1941-1945. New York: Vantage: 1972.

Willoughby served as MacArthur's intelligence chief, 1941-1951.

Wise, William. Secret Mission to the Philippines: The Story of the "Spyron" and the American-Filipino Guerrillas of World War II. New York: Dutton, 1968. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, 2001. [pb]

Kirkus Review (28 Feb. 1969): Naval reserve officer Chick Parsons brought to the Philippines "the aid that MacArthur had promised. Parsons ferreted out and consolidated guerrilla power, set up a shore patrol, and encouraged resistance against the Japanese. For more than a year he coordinated the supply line from subs to native soldiers despite personal danger.... The 'Spy (Squad)ron' played an important part in preparing for the decisive battle at Leyte." See also, Ingham, Rendezvous by Submarine (1945); and Parsons, "Commander Chick Parsons and the Japanese," at: http://www.us-japandialogueonpows.org/Parsons.htm.

Wolfert, Ira. American Guerrilla in the Philippines. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1945. New York: Avon Books, 1967. New York: Random House, 1980.

From publisher: "The story of an American officer who stayed behind after Bataan fell.... [H]e quietly organized Filipino resistance. With nothing but nerve, with primitive weapons and home-made equipment, he put together an army. He stuck it out, with all odds against him, until MacArthur returned."

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