WORLD WAR II

Far East and Pacific Theaters

Philippines

A - K

Bigelow, Michael E. "Intelligence in the Philippines." Military Intelligence 21, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1995): 36-40.

Maj. Gen. Charles Willoughby, as Southwest Pacific Area G2, "was always either impressively correct or hopelessly incorrect. Unfortunately, Willoughby was hopelessly incorrect during the Luzon campaign ... [when] the Sixth Army G2 [Col. Horton White] presented his commander a much more accurate enemy situation than Willoughby gave MacArthur."

Bray, Ann. "Undercover Nisei." In Military Intelligence: Its Heroes and Legends, 29-45. Arlington Hall Station, VA: USA Intelligence and Security Command, 1987.

http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/RefBibs/intell/ww2/genmisc.htm: Hawaiian Japanese-Americans are recruited by the CIC in 1941 for work in the Philippines.

Falk, Stanley L. "The Philippines (1942-1945)." In Challenge and Response in Internal Conflict, D.D. Condit, et al. 3 vols. Washington, DC: Center for Research in Social Systems, The American University, 1968. [Petersen]

Galang, Ricardo C. Secret Mission to the Philippines. Manila: University Publications, 1948.

Wilcox: "Account of secret mission to organize against Japanese occupation in WWII."

Guardia, Mike. American Guerrilla: The Forgotten Heroics of Russell W. Volckmann: The Man Who Escaped from Bataan, Raised a Filipino Army Against the Japanese, and Became the True "Father" of Army Special Forces. Philadelphia, PA: Casement, 2010.

From publisher: "This book establishes how Volckmann's leadership was critical to the outcome of the war in the Philippines. His ability to synthesize the realities and potential of guerrilla warfare led to a campaign that rendered Yamashita's forces incapable of repelling the Allied invasion.... Second, this book establishes Volckmann as the progenitor of modern counterinsurgency doctrine..... In 1950, [he] wrote two Army field manuals: Operations Against Guerrilla Forces and Organization and Conduct of Guerrilla Warfare.... Together, they became the Army's first handbooks outlining the precepts for both special warfare and counter-guerrilla operations."

Goulden, Washington Times, 13 Aug. 2010, and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), notes that the author "argues, convincingly, that Volckmann deserves the title of 'father' of Special Forces." See also, Volckmann, We Remained (1954); and Time, "Volckmann's Guerrillas," 2 Jul. 1945.

Harkins, Philip. Blackburn's Headhunters. New York: Norton, 1955.

According to a Time, 28 Feb. 1955, reviewer, this is "the exciting true story of Lieut. [later Brig. Gen.] Donald Blackburn, one of the handful of Americans to fight through on Luzon to the triumphant end. He survived by dodging north from Manila to hide out among the mountain Igorots, who used to be headhunters and were still not entirely reformed when Blackburn met up with them."

Hawkins, Jack [COL/USA (Ret.)] Never Say Die. Philadelphia: Dorrance, 1961.

According to Bohning, The Castro Obsession (2005), p. 17, this is the author's "gripping account of his capture, imprisonment, escape, and guerrilla campaign" in the Philippines in World War II.

Hogan, David W., Jr. "MacArthur, Stilwell, and Special Operations in the War against Japan." Parameters, Spring 1995, 104-115.

"MacArthur and Stilwell were different men who took different approaches to special operations in their respective theaters. MacArthur's was based on a romantic vision ... of a people's war against brutal oppressors. The SWPA commander turned to special operations early, developed an extensive support organization, and closely supervised its work. Stilwell's approach was more cautious and pragmatic, judging special operations entrepreneurs by their results.... Yet, for all their differences, the two commanders shared some basic traits.... [W]hile both were basically orthodox soldiers who relied on the big battalions, both were ready to turn to special operations to aid conventional forces. Because of their support, special operations forces were able to make significant contributions to victory in the war against Japan."

Hunt, Ray C., and Bernard Norling. Behind Japanese Lines: An American Guerrilla in the Philippines. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1986.

According to a precis at http://dslweb.nwnexus.com/dagger/index.htm, Hunt "escaped the Bataan Death March, organized a guerrilla band that gathered intelligence, [and] harassed the Japanese for the next three years. A moving story."

Ingham, Travis. Rendezvous by Submarine: The Story of Charles Parsons and the Guerrilla Soldiers in the Philippines. Garden City, NY: Doubleday-Doran, 1945.

See Peter Parsons, "Commander Chick Parsons and the Japanese," at: http://www.us-japandialogueonpows.org/Parsons.htm. Peter Parsons was the son of Commander Charles "Chick" Parsons "who was instrumental during WWII for organizing a fleet of submarines to supply the resistance in the Philippines. He was the connection between General Douglas MacArthur's GHQ and the guerrillas." See also, Wise, Secret Mission to the Philippines (1968).

Keats, John. They Fought Alone. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1963.

The focus here is on Lt. Col. Wendell W. Fertig who led one of the largest anti-Japanese guerrilla forces on Mindanao in World War II.

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