WORLD WAR II

Europe

Norway

General

Astrup, Helen, and B.L. Jacot. Night has a Thousand Eyes. Edinburgh: Macdonald, 1953. Oslo Intrigue. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1954.

Baden-Powell, Dorothy.

1. Operation Jupiter: SOE's Secret War in Norway. London: Hale, 1982.

2. Pimpernel Gold: How Norway Foiled the Nazis. New York: St. Martin's, 1978.

Haga, Arnfinn. Skyggen: SOE-agenten Louis Pettersen. Oslo: Cappelen Damm, 2009.

Pettersen ("Shadow") was a Norwegian who served in SOE.

Heimark, Bruce H. The OSS Norwegian Special Operations Group in World War II. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood, 1994.

Moore, Bob, ed. Resistance in Western Europe. Oxford and New York: Berg, 2000,.

Foot, I&NS 16.1, finds this work to be a "useful summary of the state of research into resistance to Nazism" in Belgium, the Channel Islands, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway. The author has written the introductory and concluding chapters. He sides with those who argue that the "resistance was not of a great deal of use."

Nielsen, Thomas. Inside Fortress Norway, Bjørn West -- Norwegian Guerrilla Base, 1944-1945. Manhattan, KS: Sunflower University Press, 2000.

McKay, I&NS 17.3, comments that the author "has written a lively historical account of the Norwegian Resistance Base, Bjørn West, which was set up in the mountains between Bergen and Sognefjord in the closing phase of the war."

Petrow, Richard. The Bitter Years: The Invasion and Occupation of Denmark and Norway, April 1940-May 1945. New York: Morrow, 1974.

Constantinides calls this an "incomplete, if good, version" of the intelligence aspects of the author's story.

Pryser, Tore. Hitlers hemmelige agenter: tysk etterretning i Norge 1939-1945. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2001.

McKay, I&NS 17.4, says that the author "has produced an ambitious and wide-ranging study of great interest. He has sought not merely to describe in some detail the range of activities of the principal German services.... In addition, he has explored the social background, motivation and mentality of those people who worked in them whether as officers or agents.... Pryser's book ... will be found indispensable to anyone doing serious historical work on the German intelligence and security organs during World War II or on the history of Norway during the German occupation."

Riste, Olav. "Intelligence and the 'Mindset': The German Invasion of Norway in 1940." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 4 (Aug. 2007): 521-536.

The German invasion of Norway and Denmark in April 1940 "was a brilliantly successful surprise attack." For both Norwegian and British policy-makers "the idea that Germany was about to launch a major invasion of Norway was remote from any of the preconceived scenarios about Germany's next move."

Riste, Olav, and Berit Nøkleby. Norway 1940-45: The Resistance Movement. Oslo, Norway: Tanum, 1970. Oslo, Norway: Tanum-Norli, 1986. [pb]

Røholt, Bjørn, with Bjarne W. Thorsen. Usynlige soldater: Nordmenn i Secret Service forteller. Oslo: Aschehaug, 1990.

Salmon, Patrick, ed. Britain and Norway in the Second World War. London: HMSO, 1995.

Thomas, Edward. "Norway's Role in British Wartime Intelligence." In Britain and Norway in the Second World War, ed. Patrick Salmon, 121-128. London: HMSO, 1995.

Thorne, Peter. "Andrew Thorne and the Liberation of Norway." Intelligence and National Security 7, no. 3 (1992): 300-316.

Sir Andrew Thorne's son draws from his father's 1951 report to detail how Andrew secured the surrender of the German forces in Norway in 1945.

Ulstein, Ragnar. "Norwegian Intelligence in the Second World War." In Britain and Norway in the Second World War, ed. Patrick Salmon, 129-40. London: HMSO, 1995.

Worm-Muller, Jacob Stenerson. Norway Revolts Against the Nazis. London: Drummond, 1941.

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