L - Z


Lett, Brian. SAS in Tuscany 1943-45. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword, 2011.

From publisher: This work describes three SAS "operations in enemy-occupied Italy during the latter half " of World War II. The ill-supported SPEEDWELL 2 (September 1943) ended in disaster. GALIA (winter 1944-1945) "tied up many thousands of enemy troops for nearly two months under extreme winter conditions," working in coordination with "an SOE mission led by Major Gordon Lett, the author's father." BLIMEY (April 1945) was overtaken by the Allied advance.

Lett, Gordon. Rossano: An Adventure of the Italian Resistance. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1955. Rossano: Valley in Flames -- An Adventure of the Italian Resistance. Barnsley, UK: Frontline, 2011.

From publisher: "In July 1942, Major Gordon Lett was taken prisoner at the fall of Tobruk." He escaped from an Italian prison "at the Armistice of September 1943 ... and took to the mountains" where "he founded and led" a "band of highly-successful partisans, the Battaglione Internazionale. The group fought and harassed ... the Germans along the Magra valley from North of Pontremoli to La Spezia.... They were so influential to the success of the Allied advance that permanent lines of communication with the Allies were established, supplies dropped by air and, later, SAS troops sent in to assist the Brigade."

Macintosh, Charles. From Cloak to Dagger: A SOE Agent in Italy, 1943-45. London: Kimber, 1982.

From Nigel Perrin, "Macintosh was operations officer with No.1 Special Force in Italy and supported the partisans in the battle for Florence in August 1944. The remainder of the book follows the progress of later tactical missions and concentrates on operational detail."

Maugeri, Franco. From the Ashes of Disgrace. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1948.

Constantinides: The author headed Italian naval intelligence from 1941 until the Italian surrender, and then headed an intelligence organization targeted against the Germans. "The memoir deals with various facets of his career during the war, but disclosures of an intelligence interest are not many." Nevertheless, because so little on Italian intelligence during the war has been translated into English, this book "is all the more to be prized, even though it is patently an incomplete account."

Moore, Bob, ed. Resistance in Western Europe. Oxford and New York: Berg, 2000,.

Foot, I&NS 16.1, finds this work to be a "useful summary of the state of research into resistance to Nazism" in Belgium, the Channel Islands, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway. The author has written the introductory and concluding chapters. He sides with those who argue that the "resistance was not of a great deal of use."

Naftali, Timothy J. "ARTIFICE: James Angleton and X-2 Operations in Italy." In The Secrets War: The Office of Strategic Services in World War II, ed. George C. Chalou, 218-245. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992.

Pesce, Giovanni. Tr., Frederick M. Shaine. And No Quarter: An Italian Partisan in World War II. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1972.

Pickering, William, and Alan Hart. The Bandits of Cisterna. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword, 1991.

From Publisher: The author "was sent into Occupied Italy with a clandestine wireless set during World War II. He experienced many close encounters with the enemy and ended up fighting the Germans alongside the Italian Resistance Group, 'The Bandits of Cisterna.'"

Smyth, Howard McGaw. "The Ciano Papers: Rose Garden." Studies in Intelligence 13, no. 2 (Spring 1969): 1-63.

The author provides substantial detail in telling the story of how the remarkable documents that were Ciano's diaries and supporting papers made their way into American hands.

Stafford, David. Mission Accomplished: SOE and Italy 1943–1945. London: Bodley Head, 2011.

For Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011) and Intelligencer 19.1 (Winter-Spring 2012), "Mission Accomplished is a fine history that finally documents the SOE contribution in that part of Europe."

Tomkins, Peter.

1. "Intelligence and Operational Support for the Anti-Nazi Resistance: The OSS and Italian Partisans in World War II." Studies in Intelligence, Spring 1998, 95-103.

The author, who "served in the OSS and spent five months behind German lines in Italy," reviews what he believes to be the neglected "contribution of Italian anti-Fascist partisans to the campaign in Italy."

2. A Spy in Rome. New York: Avon, 1962.

The author "served in the OSS and spent five months behind German lines in Italy." (Studies in Intelligence, Spring 1998)

Tudor, Malcolm Edward. Special Force: SOE and the Italian Resistance, 1943-1945. Newtown, UK: Emilia Publishing, 2004.

Warren, Charles E., and James Benson. The Broken Column: The Story of James Wilde's Adventures with Italian Partisans. London: Harrap, 1966.

Wilcox: "British clandestine ops."

Williams, Manuela. "Mussolini's Secret War in the Mediterranean and the Middle East: Italian Intelligence and the British Response." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 6 (Dec. 2007): 881-904.

From abstract: Despite the fragmentation of the Italian Fascist intelligence services, "[t]heir ability to establish relations ... with Arab nationalist leaders and their intense activities in British colonies, protectorates and mandates generated concern within the British Foreign and Colonial Offices. Meanwhile, poor intelligence coordination and assessment coupled with misguided assumptions about the nature of Arab nationalism hindered Britain's response to the challenge mounted by Mussolini's regime."

Woods, Christopher. "SOE in Italy." In Special Operations Executive: A New Instrument of War, ed. Mark Seaman, 91-102. London : Routledge, 2006.

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