Operations Against the United States and the United Kingdom

G - Z

Gimpel, Erich. Tr., Eleanor Brockett. Spy for Germany. London: Hale, 1957. Agent 146: The True Story of a Nazi Spy in America. New York: St. Martin's, 2003.

According to Seamon, Proceedings 129.4 (Apr. 2003), this is Gimpel's autobiographical account of his activities as a Nazi spy, ranging from Peru in 1935 to his infiltration into Maine in World War II with orders to sabotage the Manhatten Project. The story is told in "serviceable, often awkward English."

Harrington, Dale. Mystery Man: William Rhodes Davis, Nazi Agent of Influence. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 1999.

Adams, I&NS 16.3, notes that American businessman Davis "built the largest oil refinery in Nazi Germany" and "became the sole provider to Germany of oil from Mexico that comprised almost 30 per cent of Hitler's supply.... The work is troubling in that ... Davis was a 'mystery man', and many of the author's assertions cannot be proven from the available sources."

Hart, Scott. Washington at War, 1941-45. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1970.

Wilcox: "Account of FBI activities during World War II."

MacDonnell, Francis. Insidious Foes: The Axis Fifth Column and the American Home Front. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Hansen, History 26.1, calls Insidious Foes "the first comprehensive treatment" of the Fifth Column scare in the United States between 1938 and 1942. MacDonnell's work "is notable for its judicious argument, cohesive organization, and enlarged perspective."

Mosley, Leonard. The Druid. New York: Atheneum, 1981.

Wiant, Studies 46.2 (2002), reviewing Nigel West's Counterfeit Spies (1998), notes that "Mosley's work suggests that there was one German spy in Britain who was not under the control of MI-5, but West's careful investigation shows how Mosley was drawn in by questionable archival records and a willingness to suspend disbelief in his own sources."

O'Donnell, Pierce. In Time of War: Hitler's Terrorist Attack on America. New York: New Press, 2005.

According to DKR, AFIO WIN 25-05 (4 Jul. 2005), this work concerns the landing in 1942 of "eight German-Americans, equipped to carry out sabotage, on the U.S. coast -- whereupon their leader telephoned the FBI to turn in himself and his fellows." President Roosevelt "ordered a secret military trial.... [T]he government announced that six of the defendants had been executed and the remaining two given long prison sentences."

Pirie, Anthony. Operation Bernhard. New York: Morrow, 1962.

This work concerns a Nazi plan to destabilise the British economy by flooding the country with forged Bank of England notes.

Rachlis, Eugene. They Came to Kill: The Story of Eight Nazi Saboteurs in America. New York: Random House, 1961. New York: Popular Library, 1961.

Ramsey, R.W.R. "German Espionage in South America, 1939-45." Army Quarterly 118, no. 1 (Jan. 1988): 55-59. []

Ronnie, Art. Counterfeit Hero: Fritz Duquesne, Adventurer and Spy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1995.

Clark comment: Duquesne is best known from the classic 1945 movie "The House on 92nd Street," as the central figure in a ring of 33 Nazi spies arrested in New York in 1941.

Cutler, Proceedings 121.11 (Nov. 1995), notes that "Ronnie delved deep into prison records, government documents, and personal letters to create this unusual biography of a man who was eventually arrested in what J. Edgar Hoover described as 'the greatest spy roundup in U.S. history.'" To Chambers, Counterfeit Hero is a "carefully researched and highly readable demythologizing of Fritz Duquesne." Click for Chambers' full review. Bates, NIPQ 14.3, finds that Ronnie "has done a fine job of writing" a story "befogged with Fritz's fabrications." The author "will tell of an episode according to Fritz, then put in a documented fact which makes Fritz's story impossible."

Rout, Leslie B., Jr., and John F. Bratzel. Shadow War: German Espionage and United States Counterespionage in Latin America during World War II. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1986.

Haglund, I&NS 4.3, finds that the authors have provided excessive detail ("almost numbing") in this "definitive study" of the "wartime German-American undercover rivalry" in Mexico, Brazil, Chile, and Argentina. The work "could use a bit more analysis and synthesis."

Turrou, Leon G., as told to David G. Wittels. Espionage for the Führer: Undercover in America. [UK]: Allborough Publishing, 1992.

Surveillant 2.5: "A new edition of Nazi Spy Conspiracy in America. In the U.S. this was first published in 1938 by Random House under the title Nazi Spies in America."

Wighton, Charles, and Gunter Peis. Hitler's Spies and Saboteurs -- Based on the German Secret Service War Diary of General Lahousen. New York: Holt, 1958.

According to Pforzheimer, Studies 5.2 (Spring 1961), Lahousen "headed the Abwehr's sabotage section" during part of World War II.

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