WORLD WAR II

The French Resistance

F - J

Fishman, Jack. And the Walls Came Tumbling Down. London: Souvenir Press, 1982. London: Pan, 1983. [pb]

From Publisher: "Four months before D-Day the Gestapo captured several members of the French resistance who knew when and where the landings would take place. The Allied high command could not risk them revealing the secret under torture. Instead, British aircraft attacked Amiens prison where the men were held: bombing from very low level, the aircraft broke down the prison walls.... Some 700 prisoners escaped, not just resistance members but thieves, forgers, pimps, prostitutes and murderers. All were hunted by the Gestapo, the SS and the German army -- as well as the Allied spy network that had to spirit the right people to safety."

FitzSimmons, Peter. Nancy Wake: The Inspiring Story of One of the War's Greatest Heroines. London: HarperCollins, 2002. Nancy Wake: A Biography of our Greatest War Heroine. Sydney: HarperCollins, 2001.

Nancy Wake-Fiocca ("Andreé") was an Australian national who was living in Marseilles when France fell in June 1940. She joined the Resistance and had to flee France when the escape organization with which she was working was rolled up in March 1943. She parachuted back into France as an SOE liaison with the Maquis in March 1944. Cookridge, Inside SOE, p. 355. Peake, Studies 46.4, says that this "is a fine example of the little known roles that women played in the clandestine service during the war." See also Wake, The White Mouse (1985), and Braddon, Nancy Wake (1957).

Fourcade, Marie-Madeleine. Noah's Ark: A Memoir of Struggle and Resistance. London: Allen & Unwin, 1973. New York: Dutton, 1974.

Constantinides: "Noah's Ark is the memoir of the leader and principal agent of one of the great espionage networks of World War II.... [I]t was the only network to cover all of France and the only one of its kind headed by a woman.... This is the saga, poetic and moving in its presentation, of the network's life."

Frenay, Henri. Tr., Dan Hofstadter. The Night Will End. New York: McGraw Hill, 1976. London: Abelard, 1976.

Petersen: "Information on OSS relations with the French resistance."

Fuller, Jean Overton.

1. Double Webs: Light on the Secret Agents War in France. London: Putnam, 1958.

Fuller, Jean Overton.

1. Madeleine. London: Gollancz, 1952. Born for Sacrifice: The Story of Noor Inayat Khan. London: Pan, 1957. Noor-un-nisa Inayat Khan. The Hague: East-West Publications, 1988.

Constantinides: Khan was an SOE radio operator who died after being captured by the Germans. The 1957 edition added new material to the 1952 version. Fuller updates her views on Khan in The German Penetration of SOE. Clark comment: Khan's personal file from SOE was included in the May 2003 release of documents transferred to the National Archives, Kew. See also, Basu, Spy Princess (2006).

2. The German Penetration of SOE: France 1941-44. London: William Kimber, 1975.

Funk, Arthur Layton. "American Contacts with the Resistance in France, 1940-1943." Military Affairs 34, no. 1 (Feb. 1970).

Funk, Arthur Layton. Hidden Ally: The French Resistance, Special Operations, and the Landings in Southern France, 1944. Contributions in Military Studies Series. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992.

According to Surveillant 3.1, this is a "detailed and complete account of the role of the Allied intelligence services working with the French Resistance at the time of the southern France landings in the summer of 1944." There are "[f]ine maps and pictures.... If the book has a flaw it is too detailed, yet where else could one find in one place such complete coverage." La Clair, FILS 12.2 calls Hidden Ally an "accurate summary of the political and intelligence service rivalries ... during that fateful summer." The author's "very careful research ... is impressive." This is a "fine book."

Gleeson, James. They Feared No Evil: The Woman Agents of Britain's Secret Armies, 1939-45. London: Hale, 1976.

Goldsmith, John. Accidental Agent: A Thrilling Account of Underground Warfare in France. London: Leo Cooper, 1971. New York: Scribner's, 1971.

Kirkus Reviews, 1 Sep. 1971, refers to the author's "tenaciously authenticating detail" of the years he spent with SOE in France.

Goldstein, Richard. "Andre Devigny, 82; Escaped Gestapo Prison." New York Times, 27 Feb. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Andre Devigny, a legendary figure in the French Resistance for his escape from the Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie's prison in German-occupied Lyons during World War II, has died at his home in Hauteville-sur-Fier, France. Devigny, whose dash to freedom inspired the French director Robert Bresson's award-winning film 'A Man Escaped,' was 82."

Goldstein, Richard. "Robert de La Rochefoucauld, Wartime Hero and Spy, Dies at 88." New York Times, 9 Jul. 2012. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Trained by SOE and parachuted into France in June 1943, Count de La Rochefoucauld's work with the Resistance was the stuff of legend. Twice captured by the Nazis, he escaped each time. "At his death he was believed to have been one of the last living Frenchmen of Churchill's S.O.E."

Guillain de Benouville, Pierre. The Unknown Warriors: A Personal Account of the French Resistance. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1949.

Petersen: "French resistance ties with OSS; introduction by Allen Dulles."

Heslop, Richard. Xavier: The Famous British Agent's Dramatic Account of His Work in the French Resistance. London: Hart-Davis, 1970. London: Mayflower, 1971. [pb]

Hue, André, and Ewen Southby-Tailyour. The Next Moon: The Remarkable True Story of a British Agent Behind the Lines in Wartime France. New York: Viking, 2004. New York: Penguin Global, 2005. [pb]

Kieffer, RUSI Journal, Jun. 2004, finds that this book "provides the lively anecdotal support of so much that has been written on SOE by eminent historians." The book has been "[e]ssentially written" by Southby-Tailyour, and "is based on extensive contemporary notes made by André Hue on his return to England in August 1944." The focus of the book is "the sixty or so days in the life of the author, from being parachuted into the Breton maquis on 5 June 1944, as part of the D-Day preparations, until 10 August.... [It] is a rattling good yarn and deserves to rank with the best books about SOE."

Ignatius, David. "After Five Decades, a Spy Tells Her Tale." Washington Post, 28 Dec. 1998, A1. "The Reluctant Spy." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 4 Jan. 1999, 10-12.

This is the story of Jeannie Rousseau (de Clarens) who was a member of Georges Lamarque's Resistance operation (with the code name "Amniarix"). She became "one of the most effective if unheralded spies of World War II. Her precise reports on the German's secret military plans, particularly the development of the V1 flying bombs and V2 rockets, helped persuade Prime Minister Winston Churchill to bomb the test site at Peenemunde.... Her exploits later landed her in three concentration camps [Ravensbruck, Torgau, and Konigsberg] which she survived without ever disclosing the great secret she had stolen from the Germans."

See R. James Woolsey, Doyle Larson, and Linda Zall, "Honoring Two World War II Heroes: Prestigious Intelligence Rewards," Studies in Intelligence 38, no. 5 (1995), 27-36, for remarks at 27 October 1993 ceremony at CIA Headquarters honoring R.V. Jones and Jeannie de Clarens.

Inquimbert, Anne-Aurore. Les équipes Jedburgh, Juin 1944-décembre 1944: Le rôle des services spéciaux alliés dans le contrôle de la Résistance intérieure française. Paris: Service historique de la défense, 2006.

Jones, Liane. A Quiet Courage: The Story of SOE's Women Agents in France. New York: Bantam Dell, 1989. London: Bantam, 1989. A Quiet Courage. London: Corgi, 1991. [pb]

 

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