WORLD WAR II

The French Resistance

A - C

Aubrac, Lucie. Tr., Konrad Biever and Betsy Wing. Outwitting the Gestapo. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. 1994. [pb]

Surveillant 3.2/3: "Recreates Aubrac's last 9 months in Vichy France (1943-44), as she works with the Resistance.... First published in France in 1984 and basis for the French film Boulevard des hirondelles.... Many reviewers have deemed the translation so good, it reads as if it had been written in English."

Basu, Shrabani. Spy Princess: The Life of Noor Inayat Khan. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 2006. Gilsum NH: Omega,2007. [pb]

From publisher: Noor Inayat Khan, code named "Madeleine," was the SOE-trained "first woman wireless transmitter in occupied France during WWII"; she "assumed the most dangerous resistance post in underground Paris. Betrayed into the hands of the Gestapo,... [s]he was executed at Dachau in 1944." See Daily Mail (London), "After 65 Years in the Shadows, the Indian Heroine of Churchill's Elite SOE Spy Network Is to Be Recognised with a Statue in London," 4 Jan. 2011. See also, Fuller, Born for Sacrifice (1957).

Bergier, Jacques. Secret Weapons -- Secret Agents. London: Hurst & Blackett, 1956.

Clark comment: The author was a leader of the French resistance Marco Polo/Promontoine network, who was captured but survived a German concentration camp. Constantinides sees "little here to recommend this book. It is outdated and vastly surpassed in accuracy and quality by later books."

Bird, Michael J. The Secret Battalion. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1964.

Mattingly at http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-OSS/USMC-OSS-Biblio.html: "A short but detailed account of maquis activities in one part of the Haute Savoie region of France.... Written from the French perspective."

Blumenson, Martin. The Vilde Affair: Beginnings of the French Resistance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.

Kirkus Review (1977): "A chronicle of one of the first WW II resistance groups -- formed by Paris anthropological institute staff members and wiped out by mid-1942 --which, while offering no new formulations, does suggest the spontaneous origins of the Resistance.... The book conveys the spirit of the group and the suspense of its operations."

Braddon, Russell. Nancy Wake: The Story of a Very Brave Woman. London: Cassell, 1956. New York: Norton, 1957. Woman in Arms: The Story of Nancy Wake. Special edition abridged for young readers. London: Collins, 1963. Nancy Wake: SOE's Greatest Heroine. Stroud: History Press, 2009

Buckmaster, Maurice J.

Seaman, I&NS 20.1 (Mar. 2005), 32, comments that these two books "concentrated upon drama at the expense of veracity."

1. Specially Employed: The Story of British Aid to French Patriots of the Resistance. London: Batchworth Press, 1952.

According to Constantinides, Buckmaster was head of SOE's F Section during World War II and, therefore, "was in a position to provide much more information than he did." Foot's SOE in France deals "more comprehensively with the subject than this volume."

2. They Fought Alone: The Story of British Agents in France. London: Odhams, 1958. New York: Norton, 1958.

Constantinides says this is an "improvement over the author's first book.... Foot's comment in SOE in France is that there is no claim that this new book is completely accurate." Chambers calls the book "typical of post-WWII books. No scruples or quibbles and the author is at the heart of things."

Butler, Josephine. Churchill's Secret Agent: Josephine Butler (Code Name "Jay Bee"). Toronto: Methuen, 1983. London: Blaketon-Hall, 1984. [pb]

Clark comment: This appears to be a fantasy. http://www.cloakanddagger.com/ dagger: The author claimed to be "a member of Churchill's secret circle with more than 50 behind-the-lines infiltrations in France; she was captured, tortured and escaped to work with a group of Resistance fighters." Wiant, Studies 46.2 (2002), reviewing Nigel West's Counterfeit Spies (1998), comments that Butler "made up dozens of missions into occupied territory."

Carré, Mathilde. J'ai été la chatte. Paris: 1959.

Clark comment: Carré was a triple agent in World War II, working successively for the French underground, the German Abwehr, and SOE. She is best known in popular literature by one of her underground codenames, "Cat," thus the name of her memoirs.

From Public Record Office, "New Document Releases: Security Service Records Release 25-26 November 2002": "Carre was second-in-command of a large French resistance network known as the 'Interallie.' ... [B]y December 1941 the entire Interallie organization (some 100 agents) was in German hands. In February 1942 Carre came to Britiain with the leader of another resistance group, Lucas. She admitted to him that she had in fact been turned by the Germans, although on her arrival in the UK she re-converted.... However, there were grave doubts about her bona fides." When it was "discovered that she had betrayed a large number of resistors," she "was interned for duration of the war. She was returned to France in 1945, where she was tried and sentenced to death. This was later commuted to life and subsequently commuted again."

See also Young, The Cat With Two Faces (1957); and Paine, Mathilde Carré, Double Agent (1976).

Carroll, Sean B. Brave Genius: A Scientist, a Philosopher, and Their Daring Adventures from the French Resistance to the Nobel Prize. New York: Crown Publishers, 2013.

According to Peake, Studies 58.2 (Jun. 2014), this work concerns Jacques Monod (alias: Martel) and Albert Camus (alias: Albert Mathé, later simply Bauchard). The author uses "letters and recently released documents to tell this unusual story of war, science, and literature. A very interesting and worthwhile contribution."

Chambard, Claude. The Maquis: A History of the French Resistance Movement. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1976. London: Macmillan, 1976.

Knouse, http://home.att.net, says that this book "is probably the best abbreviated account of the development and execution of the French Resistance available in English."

Chevrillon, Claire. Tr., Jane Kielty Stott. Code Name Christiane Clouet: A Woman in the French Resistance. College Station, TX: Texas A&M Press, 1995.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia, 20.1, the author served in the Free French Intelligence Service, first, as a code clerk and, later, as head of the Code Service in Paris. She was arrested and imprisoned for four months in Paris' Fresnes prison.

Churchill, Peter.

1. Of Their Own Choice: Captain Peter Churchill's Own Account of His First Secret Mission to Wartime France. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1952.

2. Duel of Wits. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1953. New York: Putnam, 1955. Morley, UK: Elmfield Press, 1974.

3. The Spirit in the Cage. New York: Putnam, 1955. London: Corgi, 1956. [pb] Morley, UK: Elmfield Press, 1974.

Collier, Richard. Ten Thousand Eyes. New York: Dutton, 1958. London: Collins, 1958.

Pforzheimer calls Ten Thousand Eyes a "well-written account of the French Resistance agent networks," an appraisal concurred in by Constantinides.

Crowdy, Terry. French Resistance Fighter: France's Secret Army. Botley: Osprey, 2007.

From publisher: "Striking photographs, coupled with first-hand accounts of capture and its terrible consequences, depict an engaging and human history of the French Resistance fighter."

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