United Kingdom

Sir William Wiseman

Sir William Wiseman was the head of British intelligence in Washington in World War I.

Fowler, Wilton B. British-American Relations, 1917-1918: The Role of Sir William Wiseman. Suppl. vol. to The Papers of Woodrow Wilson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Gault, Guy. The Yield of the Years: A Story of Adventure Afloat and Ashore. London: Hutchinson, 1940.

Gault was British Naval Attaché in the period prior to America's entry into World War I and continuing until he returned to the UK in 1918.

Lockhart, John B. "Sir William Wiseman, Bart -- Agent of Influence." RUSI Journal 134 (Summer 1989): 63-67.

Spence, Richard B. "Englishmen in New York: The SIS American Station, 1915-21." Intelligence and National Security 19, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 511-537.

Spence provides "a survey of the organization, personnel and, so far as can be determined from available records, the operations of the SIS New York station during the First World War and the years immediately following. In large part it is the story of Sir William Wiseman and the men who served with and under him."

Thwaites, Norman. Velvet and Vinegar. London: Grayson, 1932.

Thwaites was Wiseman's deputy in SIS' U.S. station prior to and during World War I.

Troy, Thomas F. "'The Gault-Wiseman Affair: British Intelligence in New York in 1915." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 16, no. 3 (Fall 2003): 442-461.

The author looks at issues, including Gault's later animosity toward Wiseman, surrounding Wiseman's eventual replacement of Gault as the most influential British agent in the United States in the World War I period.

Willert, Arthur. The Road to Safety: A Study in Anglo-American Relations. London: Verschoyle, 1952. New York: Praeger, 1953.

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