World War I


M - R

Macksey, Kenneth. The Searchers: Radio Intercept in Two World Wars. London: Cassell, 2003. New ed. London: Cassell, 2004.

From publisher: This "history of radio intercepting answers the question of how enemy messages are detected in the first place. The focus is on the early war-shortening Y and Radio Intercept Services, and their brilliantly clever inventors and technologists who proved to be unsung heroes with headphones clamped to their ears."

Maclaren, John, and Nicholas Hiley. "Nearer the Truth: The Search for Alexander Szek." Intelligence and National Security 4, no. 4 (Oct. 1989): 813-826.

Maechling, Charles, Jr. "Scandal in Wartime Washington: The Craufurd-Stuart Affair of 1918." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 4, no. 3 (Fall 1990): 357-370. See also, Egerton, "Diplomacy, Scandal, and Military Intelligence: The Craufurd-Stuart Affair and Anglo-American Relations, 1918-20," I&NS 2.4 (Oct. 1987): 110-134.

McKale, Donald M. "'The Kaiser's Spy': Max von Oppenheim and the Anglo-German Rivalry before and during the First World War." European History Quarterly 27 (1997): 199-219.

Morgan, Janet. The Secrets of Rue St. Roch: Intelligence Operations Behind Enemy Lines in the First World War. London: Allen Lane, 2004. London: Penguin, 2005.

Peake, Studies 49.1 (2005), notes that this is the story of the involvement of the 7th Baron Balfour of Burleigh -- or Capt. George Bruce, as he was in 1917 -- in espionage in World War I. Capt. Bruce created and operated "a very successful troop- and train-monitoring network working out of Luxembourg" from his office at No. 41 Rue St. Roch in Paris. The author "provides historical context about the war and the Luxembourg network's role in it. She also describes the often complicated arrangements with the other British and French intelligence services whose cooperation was essential.... But more than all that, she delivers a fascinating narrative of a time when case officer and agent problems were much the same as today, but the pace of life was much slower."

For West, RUSI Journal, Apr. 2004, this is a "work that earns plenty of superlatives." It "is a splendid example of painstaking research in several countries, tracing descendants, unearthing photographs and interpreting documents." Bath, NIPQ 21.3 (Sep. 2005), says this is "[a]n interesting story, well told, and well worth the time of the intelligence history enthusiast."

Morton, James. Spies of the First World War: Under Cover for King and Kaiser. Kew, UK: National Archives, 2010.

Grehan, historytimes.com, 6 Jul. 2010, refers to this as "an absorbing and informative read." To Peake, Studies 55.1 (Mar. 2011), there is "little new in this book," and it "inexplicably" omits Sidney Reilley. Nevertheless, it "is well written and well documented,... and will do nicely for those wishing a succinct, easy-reading overview."

Occleshaw, Michael. Armour Against Fate: British Military Intelligence in the First World War. Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 1989. Armour Against Fate: British Military Intelligence in the First World War and the Secret Rescue from Russia of the Grand Duchess Tatania. London: Virgin Books, 1989.

Chambers calls this work "serious history." Keith Jeffery, "Intelligence and Military History: A British Perspective," in Military History and the Military Profession, eds. David A. Charters, Marc Milner, and J. Brent Wilson, 114 (Westport, CT, Praeger, 1992), says that this otherwise "industriously, informative account" is marred by a "sensational narrative of an improbable attempt to rescue the Russiam imperial family ... in the summer of 1918."

O'Halpin, Eunan. "British Intelligence in Ireland, 1914-1921." In The Missing Dimension: Governments and Intelligence Communities in the Twentieth Century, eds. Christopher Andrew and David Dilks, 55-77. London: Macmillan, 1984.

Oliver, David. Airborne Espionage: International Special Duties Operations in the World Wars. Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2005.

Peake, Studies 49.3 (2005), finds that the author covers special-mission flying in World War I, between the wars, and in "the glory days of what the Allies called Special Duty (SD) Squadrons," World War II. In addition, Oliver "includes many of the Nazi and Japanese operations against the Allies and also describes their aircraft."

  Priestley, R.E. The Signal Service in the European War of 1914 to 1918. London: Institute of Royal Engineers, 1921.

Proctor, Tammy M. "Family Ties in the Making of Modern Intelligence." Journal of Social History 39, no. 2 (2005).

Royal Historical Society Database: "Vetting of prospective officers and the use of family connections," 1909-1919.

Proctor, Tammy M. Female Intelligence: Women and Espionage in the First World War. New York and London: New York University Press, 2003.

Olmsted, I&NS 19.2, calls this book a "superb history of female spies who worked for the British" in World War I. The author "ably details the many roles that women played in the intelligence bureaucracy during the war.... [And she] makes some trenchant observations about the gendered nature of intelligence." According to Peake, Studies 47.4 (2003), the author "discovered that at a time when women could not vote or hold political office, more than 6,000 had worked in a variety of sensitive intelligence-related positions.... They served as clerks and couriers, telephone and telegraph operators, code and cipher analysts, and spies behind enemy lines in Europe."

Rankin, Nicholas. Churchill's Wizards: The British Genius for Deception, 1914-1945. London: Faber & Faber, 2008. A Genius for Deception: How Cunning Helped the British Win Two Wprld Wars. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Peake, Studies 53.3 (Sep. 2009) and Intelligencer 17.2 (Fall 2009), finds that this "is very good reading and provides an intimate look at the use of deception and those who made it work." It "gives a new perspective to the history of [] warfare and deception." For Aftergood, Secrecy News, 9 Mar. 2010, this work "is surprisingly colorful, with an endless stream of strange, offbeat and sometimes appalling anecdotes that the author has culled from his extensive reading and research." Freedman, FA 89.3 (May-Jun. 2010), calls A Genius for Deception a "page-turner." To King, NIPQ 26.2 (Jun. 2010), this is "both an entertaining and often surprising account."

Redier, Antoine. The Story of Louise de Bettignies. London: Hutchinson, 1925.


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