WOMEN IN INTELLIGENCE

World War II

United States

N - Z

Nelson, Wayne. "Women Spies of the OSS." World War II (Jun. 1997) [http://www.historynet.com]. "Female Spies Rendered Valuable Service to the OSS in the Days Following the Invasion of Southern France." CIRA Newsletter 22, no. 3 (Winter 1997-1998): 27-30.

Nelson was with the Strategic Service Section detachment with the 36th Division, U.S. Seventh Army, in the Fall of 1944 when it crossed the Moselle River. He shares some stories here of courage and ingenuity on the part of female agents in across-the-line missions.

Nouzille, Vincent. L'espionne: Virginia Hall, une Americaine dans la guerre. Paris, Fayard, 2007.

Foot, Studies 53.1 (Mar. 2009), says that this is an "excellent account of one of the war's most remarkable secret agents...; a translation into English would be most welcome." It "is a great improvement" over Pearson, The Wolves at the Door (2005) (see below). See also, Miller, "MI Corps Hall of Fame: Virginia Hall," Military Intelligence 20.3 (1994).

O'Donnell, Patrick K. Operatives, Spies, and Saboteurs: The Unknown Story of the Men and Women of WW II's OSS. New York: Free Press, 2004.

According to Seamon, Proceedings 130.4 (Apr. 2004), the author "lets the men and women" of OSS "tell their stories in their own words. For the most part, these stories are straightforward accounts." Bath, NIPQ 20.4 (Dec. 2004), sees the author giving readers "a comprehensive picture of the OSS from its inception." He has produced "a highly readable story" that "is less a book for the serious student of intelligence than for the non-specialist."

Laurie, Studies 49.1 (2005), notes that the author focuses on the reminiscences of 300 OSS veterans. This "is a useful contribution to the existing literature, and one that many will find fascinating. Unfortunately, these wonderful oral histories are poorly packaged.... [T]he portrait of the OSS presented here is one dimensional, telling only the well-known, often over-romanticized 'cloak and dagger' aspect of the Service's history that perpetuates the popular myth that this is all that intelligence agencies do."

Pearson, Judith L. The Wolves at the Door: The True Story of America's Greatest Female Spy. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2005.

Clark comment: This is a biography of Virginia Hall, who served with both SOE and OSS in German-occupied France. Peake, Studies 49.4 (2005), notes that the author has worked with recently released SOE and OSS files in telling the "fascinating story" of a "genuine heroine." See also, Nouzille, L'espionne: Virginia Hall, une Americaine dans la guerre (2007); and Miller, "MI Corps Hall of Fame: Virginia Hall," Military Intelligence 20.3 (1994).

Rossiter, Margaret. Women in the Resistance. New York: Praeger, 1991.

Sullivan, Patricia. "Operative's Missives Weakened Enemy Soldiers' Morale." Washington Post, 22 Aug. 2009. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Barbara Lauwers Podoski, 95, who launched one of the most successful psychological operations campaigns of World War II, which resulted in the surrender of more than 600 Czechoslovakian soldiers fighting for the Germans, died" on 16 August 2009 "at the Veterans Affairs hospital in Washington."

Vecchioni, Domenico. Cynthia: la spia che cambiò il corso della seconda guerra mondiale [Cynthia: The Spy Who Changed the Course of the Second World War]. Milan: EURA Pr. Ed. Italiane, 2002.

Amy Elizabeth Thorpe. See Mary S. Lovell, Cast No Shadow: The Life of the American Spy Who Changed the Course of World War II (New York: Pantheon Books, 1992).

Weise, Selene H.C. The Good Soldier: The Story of a Southwest Pacific Signal Corps WAC. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane, 1999.

Kruh, Cryptologia 24.2, finds that the author "offers a unique perspective as a member of the Women's Army Corps (WAC) who served overseas with the Signal Corps."

Wilcox, Jennifer. Sharing the Burden: Women in Cryptology during WWII. Ft. George G. Meade, MD: National Security Agency, Center for Cryptologic History, 1998. [http://www.nsa.gov/about/_files/cryptologic_heritage/publications/wwii/sharing_the_burden.pdf]

"Only those women meeting higher qualifications were admitted into cryptologic work. Women in the Army had to meet officer qualifications, as well as have strong mathematics or language skills. The Navy competed with the Army for women with similar qualifications and offered officer status for cryptographers.[footnote omitted] However, both services placed a higher value on a woman's integrity than on her skills. A woman with the right qualifications, but not trained in cryptography, could learn the skills."

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