UNITED KINGDOM

World War II

The British Services

Special Operations Executive

A - Baq

Aldrich, Richard J. "Unquiet in Death: The Post-war Survival of the 'Special Operations Executive,' 1945-1951." In Contemporary British History, 1931-1961: Politics and the Limits of Policy, eds. Anthony Gorst, Lewis Johnman, and W. Scott Lucas. London: Pinter Pub Ltd, 1991.

Amery, Julian.

1. Approach March: A Venture in Autobiography. London: Hutchinson, 1973.

Constantinides says that Amery has provided "an important and interesting contribution to our knowledge of British covert and resistance operations." This is "one of the better books on SOE and particularly on British operations in the Balkans."

2. Sons of the Eagle: A Study in Guerrilla War. London: Macmillan, 1948.

According to Pforzheimer, this is the "story of Albanian Resistance movements during World War II by a British SOE officer who worked with some of them."

Anderson, Scott. "'With Friends Like These...' The OSS and the British in Yugoslavia." Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 2 (Apr. 1993): 140-171.

Anglim, Simon. "MI(R), G(R) and British Covert Operations, 1939-42." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 4 (Dec. 2005): 631-653.

Clark comment: This is a very interesting article about a rarely discussed component of British covert operations in the early years of World War II.

The author argues that the Military Intelligence (Research) department of the War Office "pioneered covert operations of the type seen recently in Afghanistan and Northern Iraq." Although MI(R) was incorporated into SOE in October 1940, it had developed "an un-codified, but coherent and organically developing doctrine for covert operations," which was influential on SOE. Also, a number of key figures in the development of wartime covert operations, including Colin Gubbins and Orde Wingate, got their start in MI(R).

[Anonymous.] SOE Secret Operations Manual. Boulder, CO: Paladin, 1993.

From publisher: "[T]his is the original manual used to train special agents dropped behind enemy lines in Nazi-occupied Europe. Used by the British SOE and its American counterpart, the OSS, it is an authentic reproduction of extraordinary historical significance obtained from a former clandestine services operative."

According to Surveillant 3.4/5, this is "most likely a retyped training syllabus that is most likely of U.S. as opposed to British origin. The vernacular and references ... are clearly of U.S. origin.... This is possibly an OSS Training Manual." Kruh, Cryptologia 18.1, also notes the presence of Americanisms in this publication, but seems willing to accept the publisher's explanation that, while of SOE origin, it was also used by the OSS. The operational "information is professional in its approach and provides sound advice for agents operating in hostile territory."

Atherton, Louise.

1. SOE Operations in Africa and the Middle East: A Guide to Newly Released Records in the Public Record Office. London: PRO Publications, 1994.

2. SOE Operations in Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the Newly Released Records of the Special Operations Executive in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Russia. London: PRO, 1995.

3. SOE Operations in the Far East: An Introductory Guide to the Newly Released Records of the Special Operations Executive in the Public Record Office. London: PRO Publications, 1993.

Aldrich, I&NS 10.1: "This publication is, on the whole, commendably thorough and knowledgeable."

4. SOE Operations in Scandinavia: A Guide to the Newly Released Records in the Public Record Office. London: PRO Publications, 1994.

Auty, Phyllis, and Richard Clogg, eds. British Policy Towards Wartime Resistance in Yugoslavia and Greece. London: Macmillan,1975.

Constantinides: This work consists of the proceedings of a 1973 conference in London, with a majority of SOE participants. "Fascinating new material on British intelligence and resistance operations, capabilities, and relationships emerges from the proceedings."

Baden-Powell, Dorothy.

1. Operation Jupiter: SOE's Secret War in Norway. London: Hale, 1982.

2. They Also Serve: An SOE Agent in the WRNS. London: Hale, 2004.

From publisher: This is an "account of one woman's experiences during World War II within the Special Operations Executive and the WRNS [Women's Royal Naval Service]. At the Scandinavian Section of the SOE, Dorothy Baden-Powell was engaged in sending Norwegian saboteurs into occupied Norway and debriefing them on their return to London. After spending a year and a half with the SOE,... she was given an assignment in the WRNS to try to break a ring of enemy spies."

Bailey, Roderick.

1. "Communist in SOE: Explaining James Klugmann's Recruitment and Retention." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 1 (Mar. 2005): 72-97. And in The Politics and Strategy of Clandestine War: Special Operations Executive, 1940-1946, ed. Neville Wylie, 66-89. London: Routledge, 2007.

"Klugmann worked on the headquarters staff" of SOE's Yugoslav Section "from February 1942 until August 1944.... He was also a passionate and proactive British communist.... The preparedness of MI5 and SOE to clear him for secret work..., underlines their lack of concern about the theoretical threat to SOE's integrity that dedicated communists like Klugmann could pose."

2. Forgotten Voices of the Secret War: An Inside History of Special Operations in the Second World War. London: Ebury, 2009.

From publisher: "Drawing on the vast resources of the Imperial War Museum Sound Archive and featuring a mass of previously unpublished personal testimonies," this work "tells the stories of SOE agents, HQ staff, diplomats, aircrew and naval personnel in their own words."

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