UNITED KINGDOM

World War II

Overviews

D - H

de la Marck, David de Young. "De Gaulle, Colonel Passy and British Intelligence, 1940-42." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 21-40.

André Dewavrin (nom de guerre Colonel Passy) headed Free France's intelligence and subversion services, the Bureau central de renseignements et d'action (BCRA), but "was dependent on" British intelligence services, specifically SIS and SOE. De Gaulle's relationship with Dewavrin and with British intelligence "was defined by an obsessive need for political control, which only served to poison the otherwise good relations of the BCRA with SIS and SOE." See, André Dewavrin, Souvenirs, 3 vols. (Monte Carlo: R. Solar, 1947-1951).

Denniston, Robin. "Diplomatic Eavesdropping, 1922-44: A New Source Discovered." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 3 (Jul. 1995): 423-448.

"This study traces recent research into non-service -- that is diplomatic -- traffic, some of which was enciphered by systems which predated machine encipherment.... The new source disclosed is the diplomatic component of the files that came to Churchill from MI6 from late 1941 to VJ Day.... In 1943 up to a third of 'C's' daily delivery to Churchill consisted" of diplomatic intercepts. "A total of 17 countries were targeted."

Dubicki, Tadeusz, Daria Nalecz, and Tessa Stirling, eds. Intelligence Co-Operation Between Poland and Great Britain During World War II: The Report of the Anglo-Polish Historical Committee. Edgware, UK: Mitchell Vallentine, 2005.

See Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, "England's Poles in the Game," Intelligencer 15, no. 2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007): 98-100, for a review of some of the accomplishments of Polish intelligence during World War II.

Evans, Michael. "MI5 Papers: Falcons on the Tail of Enemy." Times (London), 27 Jan. 1999.

According to MI5 files released on 26 January 1996, MI5 was so "concerned about the German secret service using pigeons for transmitting messages in the event of an invasion of England" that falcons were trained to intercept them.

Ferris, John. "'FORTITUDE' in Context: The Evolution of British Military Deception in Two World Wars, 1914-1945." In Paradoxes of Strategic Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Michael I. Handel, eds. Richard K. Betts and Thomas G. Mahnken, 117-165. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

Ferris, John. "From Broadway House to Bletchley Park: The Diary of Captain Malcolm D. Kennedy, 1934-1946." Intelligence and National Security 4, no. 3 (Jul. 1989): 421-450.

Sexton notes that Kennedy was "a translator in the Japanese Diplomatic Section of GC and CS"; this is a "very valuable source."

Filby, P. William. "Floradora and a Unique Break into One-Time Pad Ciphers." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 3 (Jul. 1995): 408-422.

This article is based on the author's memory "without recourse to official papers." According to Filby, Floradora was broken in 1943, not in 1942 as stated in Alastair G. Denniston, "The Government Code and Cypher School Between the Wars," Intelligence and National Security 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1986), p. 56.

Fisk, Robert. In Time of War: Ireland, Ulster, and the Price of Neutrality. Brandon, Ireland: A. Deutsch, 1983. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1985. [pb]

Horgan, London Review of Books 5.13 (21 Jul. 1983), sees this book as "both absorbing and provocative."

Foot, M.R.D.

1. "1940-44 and the Secret Services." Franco-British Studies 2 (Autumn 1986): 17-26.

2. "Britischer Geheimdienste und deutscher Widerstand 1939-1945" [The British Secret Service and German Resistance]. In Großbritannien und der deutsche Widerstand 1933-1944, eds. Klaus J. Müller and David Dilks, 161-168. Paderborn and Munich: Schöningh, 1994.

3. "The Death of General Sikorski." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 3 (Jun. 2006): 457-458.

A brief article to argue that the crash of Sikorski's plane off Gibralter in July 1943 was an accident, not an effort by MI6 to get rid of an annoyance.

4. Six Faces of Courage. London: Methuen, 1978.

Clark comment: Foot tells the stories of six heroes (four men and two women) in the World War II intelligence war. To Constantinides, this "is a moving book," but one that "is also instructive" by identifying "what helps make agents great."

5. ed. Holland at War against Hitler: Anglo-Dutch Relations 1940-1945. London: Frank Cass, 1990.

Fraser-Smith, Charles.

"Charles Fraser-Smith, the gadget-designing genius on whom the character 'Q' in the James Bond novels ... was modeled," died on 9 November 1992. "He was a master of disguising tools in ordinary objects." Barron, "Charles Fraser-Smith, Mr. Gadget For James Bond Tales, Dies at 88," New York Times, 13 Nov. 1992. See also, Porter, The Man Who Was Q (1989).

1. With Kevin Logan. Secret Warriors: Hidden Heroes of MI6, OSS, MI9, SOE & SAS. Exeter, UK: Paternoster, 1984. 1989. [pb]

2. With Gerald McKnight and Sandy Lesberg. The Secret War of Charles Fraser-Smith: The "Q" Gadget Wizard of World War II. London: Michael Joseph, 1981.

Fry, Helen. Spymaster: The Secret Life of Kendrick. London: Marranos Press, 2014.

Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, 10 Feb. 2015, sees this as "an exhaustively-researched book on a man" who from the British Passport Office in Vienna helped "thousands of Jews escape from Austria before the outbreak" of World War II." Back in Britain at the beginning of the war, "Kendrick and a small team began to operate the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre.... His task was to interrogate enemy prisoners of war." Fry's "book could be edited down -- there is almost too much detail in it. But it is an extremely valuable contribution to our understanding of a secret world inhabited by brave, resilient, sometimes exotic, individuals."

See also, Fry's The M Room: Secret Listeners Who Bugged the Nazis in WW2 (2012).

Noting that the author "does not link the sources in her bibliography with any specific events<' Peake, Studies 59.1 (Mar. 2015), adds that this makes it "difficult to evaluate her conclusions about the value of Kendrick's operations."

Garby-Czerniawski, Roman. The Big Network. London: G. Ronald, 1961.

Polish intelligence officer surveys clandestine operations in occupied Europe.

Grant, Jennifer. "The Role of MI5 in the Internment of British Fascists during the Second World War." Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 4 (Aug. 2009): 499-528.

"[N]either the mistakes nor the successes of Britain's internment policy can be attributed exclusively to MI5. To do so is to fail to understand its role within the British government. MI5 did not and does not make policy decisions."

Haldane, R.A. The Hidden War. New York: St. Martin's 1978. London: Hale, 1978.

Constantinides comments that if the author's "aim was to tell the story of secret communications [in World War II] in perspective against the background of events[,] he did not succeed.... [E]rrors or inadequacies dot the work." For Nautical Brass Bibliography, http://members.aol.com/nbrass/biblio.htm, the work is "[l]ight on physical details, and [has a] fuzzy understanding of Enigma."

Hamilton, Nigel. Monty: The Battles of Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. New York: Random House, 1994.

Periscope 19.4: "This is not a book on intelligence, but rather military history in which the role of intelligence becomes increasingly clear." Hamilton gives "Montgomery's views and use of intelligence, particularly ULTRA, at El Alamein, the Normandy landing, Battle of the Bulge, and other operations."

Harrison, Edward D.R. France and British Intelligence in World War Two. Working Papers in Intelligence & Security Studies, no. 1. Salford, UK: European Studies Research Institute, 2004.

This is a brief (42 pages) overview.

Howarth, Patrick. Intelligence Chief Extraordinary: The Life of the Ninth Duke of Portland. London: Bodley Head, 1986.

Clark comment: This is a biography of Sir Victor Cavendish-Bentinck, who headed the Joint Intelligence Council (JIC) during World War II. Sexton views Howarth's work as "[e]ssential for understanding the organizational and structural innovations that marked the advent of intelligence as an essential factor in the national decision-making process." To Foot, I&NS 2.1, this biography is "rewarding."

Hunt, David [Sir]. A Don at War. London: Kimber, 1966. 2d ed. London: Frank Cass, 1990. Reprint. London: Frank Cass, 1997. 2002. [pb]

Constantinides notes that "intelligence is not central to this memoir" which looks more at the "bigger picture." Hunt has a high opinion of deception as a war-fighting technique and a low opinion of the value of agents. According to Surveillant 1.5, the 1991 edition of Hunt's book includes a foreword "taking into account the significance of 'Ultra.' Hunt covers his WWII career in The Desert, Greece, Crete, Sicily and Italy."

 

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