Andrew, Christopher. "Arms for KGB's 'Irish Friends.'" Times (London), 15 Sep. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]
The author,"drawing on the KGB intelligence files smuggled out by Vasili Mitrokhin, reveals how the Russians used national liberation movements to foment race war in the United States and also provided arms to Irish terrorists to cause mayhem in the United Kingdom."
Andrew, Christopher. "Waging War Against the Dissidents." Times (London), 16 Sep. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]
The SVR "proudly proclaims itself the heir to the KGB's foreign intelligence arm, the First Chief Directorate (FCD).... The SVR maintains that the FCD had nothing to do with the abuses of human rights perpetrated by the KGB's internal directorates. The top-secret files in the Mitrokhin Archive show that this claim is nonsense. The FCD was up to its neck in the war against the dissidents. It had no higher priority than crushing 'ideological subversion' wherever it raised its head."
1. "Top French Socialist Named as KGB Spy." Times (London), 16 Sep. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]
On 15 September 1999, Le Monde identified "Claude Estier, the leader of the governing Socialist party in the French Senate and a confidant of the late President Mitterrand,... as one of two high-placed 'agents of influence' cited in the files of the KGB which were smuggled out of Russia by Vasili Mitrokhin."
2. "Paris Shrugs Off Claims of KGB Hand on Its Shoulder." Times (London), 16 Sep. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]
On 15 September 1999, "[t]he French establishment tried to shrug off claims that the country's civil service, politics and intellectual life had been riddled with Soviet agents throughout the Cold War years. The staff of Senator Claude Estier, identified by Le Monde as a key Soviet informant cited in the Mitrokhin archive, dismissed the affair as 'a hoary old chestnut.'"
Nyquist, J.R. "The Case of the KGB Librarian." WorldNetDaily, 16 Sep. 1999. [http:// www.worldnetdaily.com]
"The strangest thing [to emerge from the Mitrokhin material] is the support that Mitrokhin's celebrity has received from retired KGB Gen. Oleg Kalugin, who appeared on ABC's Nightline in order to praise the value of Mitrokhin's revelations. It is downright odd that the former deputy chief of KGB foreign intelligence should publicly bolster the credibility of a KGB traitor. Gen. Kalugin, after all, is no defector.... His disagreement with the old KGB is largely confined to a personality clash with his former boss, Vladimir Kryuchkov. In fact, Gen. Kalugin's memoirs contain brilliant examples of disinformation....
"[Thus,] Gen. Kalugin's appearance on ABC's Nightline program may have a sinister significance. The cautious analyst must be careful. A defector who brings us old news may be feeding us accusations against persons who were innocent of espionage. He might also be covering the tracks of some who were guilty."
Johnston, Bruce. "Britain 'Did Not Tell Italy about Spies.'" Telegraph (London), 17 Sep. 1999. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
According to the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera on 16 September 1999, "the Italian government had first learnt on [14 September 1999] that journalists, diplomats, scientists, politicians and high-ranking ministerial employees had spied for the KGB in Italy." The paper said that the Italian government had not been informed of the revelations contained in the KGB files supplied by Vasili Mitrokhin "prior to journalistic revelations of the book by Christopher Andrew."
Reuters. "Britain's BBC Claims New Spy Expose." 17 Sep. 1999.
The BBC said on 17 September 1999 that "it had uncovered evidence that a British university economics lecturer spied for ... East Germany's Stasi secret police. In its nightly news bulletin, the BBC said the lecturer had spied for the East Germans for 12 years from 1977 and that ... MI5 had known the male teacher's identity since 1994.... [T]he BBC -- due to screen its expose 'A School for Spies' [on 19 September 1999] -- said the lecturer ... had admitted his codename was 'Armin.'"
BBC. "Fearsome Stasi Held Nation in Its Grip." 18 Sep. 1999. [http://news1.thls.bbc. co.uk]
"The Stasi earned a frightening reputation for thoroughness as East Germany's secret police. At its height it employed 85,000 full-time officers, had records on five million East German citizens - one third of the entire population - and had several hundred thousand informers.... One of the abiding images of German reunification is Germans ransacking the Stasi buildings in a bid to remove all traces of the hated secret police's records. However many files were left intact and allegedly among them, were those on Hull University lecturer, Dr Robin Pearson."
Cornwell, Susan. "UK Pressed for Answers as Third Spy Accused." Reuters, 18 Sep. 1999.
"Britain's opposition demanded an explanation from the government on [18 September 1999] after the third Briton [Robin Pearson, a lecturer at Hull University] in a week was unmasked as a spy for the old Soviet bloc.... [A] Home Office spokeswoman said [Home Secretary Jack] Straw did not plan a statement. She said Straw had first learned of the Pearson case last weekend."
Elgood, Giles. "More Spies Accused in Growing UK Cold War Scandal." Reuters, 18 Sep. 1999.
In addition to the BBC's accusation that Hull University lecturer Robin Pearson spied for the East German Stasi from 1977, "[t]wo more academics -- Vic Allen, a retired sociology professor, and Gwyneth Edwards, a former German studies lecturer -- were named by three British Sunday newspapers" as having spied for the Stasi.
Lusher, Adam, Matt Born, Sebastien Berger, and Paul Stokes. "Hull Lecturer is Unmasked as Stasi Agent." Telegraph (London), 18 Sep. 1999. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
According to the BBC, Hull University senior lecturer Robin Pearson was "recruited [by the Stasi] while studying for a year at Karl Marx University in Leipzig ... [and] began supplying information on his fellow students and looking for clues about their politics" after he returned to Edinburgh. "The BBC said that MI5 had known about his role as a Stasi agent for the past five years but had done nothing. However, it produced no evidence that he had committed any offence under the Official Secrets Act and Dr Pearson appeared to have been only a very low-level agent."
Forward to 19 September 1999
Return to UK Spy Fever Table of Contents
Return to UK Spy Cases Table of Contents