UNITED KINGDOM

Spy Cases

Burgess & Maclean

Cecil, Robert. A Divided Life: A Personal Portrait of the Spy Donald Maclean. London: Bodley Head, 1988. New York: Morrow, 1989.

Driberg, Tom. Guy Burgess: A Portrait with Background. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1956.

Fisher, John. Burgess and Maclean: A New Look at the Foreign Office Spies. London: Hale, 1977.

Green, Martin Burgess. Children of the Sun: A Narrative of Decadence in England After 1918. New York: Basic Books, 1976. Edinburg, VA: Axios Press, 2008.

Hamrick, S.J. Deceiving the Deceivers: Kim Philby, Donald Maclean, and Guy Burgess. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004.

According to DKR, AFIO WIN 44-04 (29 Nov. 2004), the author argues that "British intelligence knew far earlier [than the spring of 1951] that Maclean was Moscow's agent and concealed that knowledge in a 1949-1951 counterespionage operation that deceived Philby and Burgess. Hamrick also finds evidence that in 1949-1950 the British ran a disinformation op that used Philby to mislead Moscow about British-U.S. retaliatory capability in case of Soviet aggression against Western Europe."

Bath, NIPQ 21.1 (Mar. 2005), calls this work "an interesting, if not totally convincing, exercise in theory." On the other hand, Kruh, Cryptologia 29.2 (Apr. 2005), says that Hamrick presents "compelling evidence" regarding the use of Philby in a disinformation initiative against the Soviets. The author "breaks new ground in reinterpreting ... the final espionage years of three famous spies."

To Goodman, I&NS 21.1 (Feb. 2006), this book is "based on conjecture." The author's "reading of the primary sources ... is fundamentally and unacceptably flawed." The reviewer concludes that the book's content is "pure fabrication." Similarly, West, IJI&C 19.1 (Spring 2006), finds "serious and glaring faultlines crisscrossing Hamrick's landscape." He concludes that the author's "elaborate 'deception' ... is but a fleeting mirage."

Lefebvre, H-Diplo, H-Net Reviews, Feb. 2005 [http://www.h-net.org], comments that the author "is particularly adept at finding holes and fallacies of omission or assumption in the material he perused. To make his case, however, he must fill in the blanks through logical deduction, often without any supporting and corroborating evidence other than the coherence of his propositions."

Hennessy, Peter, and Kathleen Townsend. "The Documentary Spoor of Burgess and Maclean." Intelligence and National Security 2, no. 2 (Apr. 1987): 291-301.

Because Burgess and Maclean were diplomats (as opposed to Philby and Blunt who worked for clandestine organizations), the routine policy papers of the Foreign Office available in the Public Record Office can be used to trace some of their activities.

Hoare, Geoffrey. The Missing Macleans. New York: Viking, 1955. London: Cassell, 1955. [Chambers]

Holzman, Michael. Guy Burgess: Revolutionary in an Old School Tie. Createspace Independent Publishing Platform/Amazon.com, 2012.

This self-published book is thoroughly ripped by West, IJI&C 26.2 (Summer 2013). The reviewer comments on Holzman's use of suspect sources, and notes that he "gives no source whatever for some of his most astonishing assertions." Peake, Studies 57.1 (Mar. 2013), and Intelligencer 20.1 (Spring-Summer 2013), comments that the author "adds some new items about Burgess's health and his expertise in Far Eastern Affairs,... but there is little new, if anything, about his espionage. From time to time, Holzman adds an interesting item without any documentation." In addition, there are several notable errors in the book.

Hopkins, Michael F. "Review Article: A British Cold War?" Intelligence and National Security 7, no. 4 (Oct. 1992): 479-482.

Kerr, Sheila. "Investigating Soviet Espionage and Subversion: The Case of Donald Maclean." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 1 (Spring 2002): 101-116.

The author concludes that the available intelligence record is insufficient to determine intelligence's or Maclean's "impact on the collection and analysis that supported the formulation and implementation of Soviet foreign policy."

Kerr, Sheila. "The Secret Hotline to Moscow: Donald Maclean and the Berlin Crisis of 1948." In Britain and the First Cold War, ed. Anne Deighton, 71-87. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990.

Medvedev, Roy. "Requiem for a Traitor: A Spy's Lonely Loyalty to Old, Betrayed Ideals." Washington Post, 19 Jun. 1983, B1, B4.

Newton, Verne W. The Cambridge Spies: The Untold Story of Maclean, Philby, and Burgess in America. New York: Madison Books, 1990. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1991. Lanham, MD: Madison, 1993. [pb]

To Kerr, I&NS 9.1, the title is a "rather odd choice" since the book is largely about Maclean. This is a "very worthy effort," but is "flawed in both conception and execution.... [He] reduces the motives of three very different individuals into just one disreputable motive: they became Soviets agents because they were impelled by an addiction to the drug of deceit."

Purdy, Anthony, and Douglas Sutherland. Burgess and Maclean. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. [Chambers]

Sansom, A. W. I Spied Spies. London: Harrap, 1965.

Thompson, Francis J. Destination Washington. London: Hale, 1960.

 

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