UNITED KINGDOM

Post-World War II

Generally

F - G

Fischer, Benjamin B. "Anglo-American Intelligence and the Soviet War Scare: The Untold Story." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 1 (Feb. 2012): 75-92.

From abstract: The Soviet war scare of the 1980s "had a profound influence on [U.S. President] Reagan's thinking about nuclear war, Kremlin fears, and Soviet–American relations that led him to seek a new détente with Moscow and the end of the Cold War through diplomacy rather than confrontation."

Fitzgerald, E.M. "Intelligence and Preventive War: Importance of Intelligence Perception as Demonstrated in the Preventive War Concept." British Army Review 45 (Dec. 1973): 70-75. [Marlatt]

Fletcher, Richard. "How CIA Money Took the Teeth Out of British Socialism." In Dirty Work: The CIA in Western Europe, eds. Philip Agee and Louis Wolf, 188-200. London: Zed, 1978.

A similar essay, "Who Were THEY Travelling With?'" (pp. 51-71), is in Fred Hirsch and Richard Fletcher, The CIA and the Labour Movement (Nottingham, UK: Spokesman Books, 1977).

Forster, Dave, and Chris Gibson. Listening In: Electronic Intelligence Gathering Since 1945. Manchester, UK: Crécy Publishing, 2014.

Gary K., Studies 59.2 (Jun. 2015), notes that this "is the history of British airborne electronic intelligence (ELINT) collection." The work "reviews many aircraft and missions that contributed to the British understanding of Soviet air defenses and is fairly detailed up to 1975, but much less so from 1975 to 2013.... Listening In offers only nine bibliographic references and no endnotes."

Ganser, Daniele. "The British Secret Service in Neutral Switzerland: An Unfinished Debate on NATO's Cold War Stay-behind Armies." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 4 (Dec. 2005): 553-580.

The list of annoyances and not-quite-rights in this article is long. For instance, Maj. Gen. Sir Colin Gubbins is introduced as "a small, wiry Scotsman with a moustache." Which of these elements are needed prior to quoting him on the role of SOE in World War II? Then, there are such statements as "no documents supporting such a claim have been found so far." Is the "so far" really necessary? In other words, too much of this article does not rise above speculation. Nevertheless, the article "suggests that Switzerland ... was integrated into the international stay-behind network of NATO covering Western Europe during the Cold War." Maybe, but not proven here.

Geraghty, Tony. BRIXMIS. London: HarperCollins, 1996. Beyond The Front Line: The Untold Exploits of Britain's Most Daring Cold War Spy Mission. London: HarperCollins, 1996.

Clark comment: BRIXMIS is the acronym for British Military Exchange Mission which operated from 1946 to 1990 in what was, first, the Soviet zone and, later, East Germany under the four-power agreement at the conclusion of World War II.

According to Pope, I&NS 14.1, "this book provides essential knowledge of a major intelligence operation maintained by the three British services for over 40 years." The material is presented in "a polished style of descriptive writing based on many personal interviews and accounts." Peake, Studies 46.4, comments that, although this book does not have endnotes, "it merits serious attention.... The interactions between the members of BRIXMIS and their Soviet counterparts are often humorous and always fascinating.... The mission was an extraordinary success and Geraghty gives a splendid account." See also, Wylde, ed., The Story of Brixmis, 1946-1990 (1993).

Goodman, Michael S.

1. "Books, Nukes and Spooks: British Intelligence and the Soviet Bomb." Cold War History 4, no. 3 (Apr. 2004): 126-139.

2. "British Intelligence and the Soviet Atomic Bomb, 1945-1950." Journal of Strategic Studies 26, no. 2 (Jun. 2003): 120-151.

From abstract: "[T]he first Soviet atomic bomb in August 1949 was not accurately predicted by the British. Meanwhile British war planning centred on the year 1957, based -- it was argued -- on strategic forecasts. Yet the impact of recently released intelligence material throws this into question, and instead reveals that the date reflected British war readiness, rather than when British intelligence predicted the Soviet Union would have achieved the nuclear capability to wage a successful war."

Goodman, Michael S.

1. "A Cold War Cover-Up: The Buster Crabb Affair." BBC History Magazine (Feb. 2008), 40-43.

2. "Covering Up Spying in the 'Buster' Crabb Affair." International History Review 30, no. 4 (2008): 768-784.

Goodman, Michael S. The Official History of the Joint Intelligence Committee -- Volume 1: From the Approach of the Second World War to the Suez Crisis. London: Routledge, 2014.

Peake, Studies 58.4 (Dec. 2014), sees this as "an extensively documented account of the JIC, from its origins as a military subcommittee before WW II to its performance in the Suez Crisis. The level of detail is impressive.... For those interested in the Anglo-American intelligence relationship, this official history will be a valuable source."

Goodman, Michael S. Spying on the Nuclear Bear: Anglo-American Intelligence and the Soviet Bomb. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007.

Radchenko, H-Diplo, H-Net Reviews (Oct. 2008) [http://www.h-net.org], says that this book "offers a close-up look at the operation of British (and to some extent, U. S.) atomic intelligence in the early years of the Cold War.... [It] is full of fascinating details about some ... little-known monitoring programs, which entailed the operation [of] a large number of stations around the world, regular air sampling, radio interception, and a host of other tricks." However, the work "is missing some of the essential analysis which would help us connect the history of British atomic intelligence with the bigger picture of the early years of the Cold War."

For Peake, Studies 54.1 (Mar. 2010), Goodman's presentation on "the impact of the [Soviet] espionage cases should be assessed with caution," as "Soviet atomic espionage [had been brought] to a halt by the end of the 1940s." However, his contributions on "the technical sources of intelligence are on point." Greenberg, NCWR 62.4 (Autumn 2009), believes that the author "has produced a definitive work,... a landmark effort in its devotion to prodigious research and commitment to truthful inquiry." To Schecter, I&NS 26.4 (Aug. 2011), this is "a deeply researched and thoughtful analysis." However, there is a need for "more and better-organized operational detail."

Goodman, Michael S. "With A Little Help from My Friends: The Anglo-American Atomic Intelligence Partnership, 1945-1958." Diplomacy and Statecraft 18, no. 1 (Jan. 2007): 155-183.

Grant, Matthew, ed. The British Way in Cold Warfare: Intelligence, Diplomacy and the Bomb, 1945-1973. London: Continuum, 2009.

Deighton, I&NS 27.1 (Feb. 2012), finds that the scholars drawn together here "throw new light on old material, and interesting observations on new material."

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