UNITED KINGDOM

Post-Cold War

The Matrix Churchill Affair

Cowley, Chris. Guns, Lies and Spies: How We Armed Iraq. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1992.

Henderson, Paul. Unlikely Spy: An Autobiography. London: Bloomsbury, 1993.

Leigh, David. Betrayed: The Real Story of the Matrix Churchill Trial. London: Bloomsbury, 1993.

Miller, Davina.

1. "Democracy, Dictators and the Regulation of Arms Exports: the UK and Iraq." Intelligence and National Security 9, no. 3 (Jul. 1994), 536-543.

2. "Intelligence and Proliferation: Lessons from the Matrix-Churchill Affair." Intelligence and National Security 11, no. 2 (Apr. 1994), 193-206.

Palmer, Alasdair. "Fear of Betrayal Leaves Spy Bosses out in the Cold." Telegraph (London), 19 Feb. l996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

The Scott Report found that "[t]here was no substance to the charge" that MI6 had betrayed Paul Henderson "by not defending him when he was arrested for allegedly telling lies on his export licence application forms." However, "the myth of the secret service's calculated betrayal of innocent men reverberates"; and "MI6 is struggling to recruit agents ... because would-be spies fear they might end up in court."

Scott, Richard [Sir]. Report of the Inquiry into the Export of Defence Equipment and Dual-Use Goods to Iraq and Related Prosecutions. 5 vols. London: HMSO, 1996.

Stephanie Strom, "British Report on Iraq Arms Deal Declares Parliament Was Misled," New York Times, 16 Feb. 1996, A1, A4 (N), notes that Sir Richard Scott's report on his 3-year investigation into a scandal over Britain's sale of military equipment to Iraq in the late 1980s was made public on 15 February 1996. The investigation concluded that Government officials "deliberately misled Parliament in 1989 and 1990 about the Government's policy on the sale of machine tools to Iraq." However, the report "did not find find their actions duplicitous in the sense of a cover-up."

Sweeney, John. Trading with the Enemy: Britain's Arming of Iraq. London: Pan Books, 1993.

Tomkins, Adam. "Intelligence and Government." Parliamentary Affairs 50, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 109-129.

Return to UK Post-Cold War Table of Contents