UNITED KINGDOM

Post-Cold War

The 1996 UK-Russia Spy Contretemps

Material presented chronologically.

Philips, Alan. "Russians Throw out Briton in Spy Row." Telegraph (London), 4 Mar. 1996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

The Russian Foreign Ministry confirmed on 3 March 1996 that a British citizen's visa had been "cancelled due to suspicions of 'activities incompatible with his status as a businessman'.... An expulsion had been feared since Britain ordered out a Russian TV correspondent in London, Alexander Malikov, on grounds of national security in July" 1995.

Johnston, Philip. "Russian Spy Network 'Back in Business.'" Telegraph (London), 29 Mar. 1996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

According to an MI5 report issued on 28 March 1996, "[b]oth the SVR, the Russian civilian agency, and the GRU military intelligence service, have renewed their efforts to post intelligence officers to London." In another report, "Parliament's Intelligence and Security Committee, set up to oversee MI5, MI6 and GCHQ, said Russian espionage was a growing threat."

Philps, Alan. "Britain and Russia Clash over 'Spies.'" Telegraph (London), 7 May 1996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

On 6 May 1996, "Britain and Russia were locked ... in the most serious espionage row since the end of the Cold War after the Kremlin claimed to have uncovered a spy ring and ordered nine British embassy staff to leave the country. The Russian Federal Security Service ... said that a Russian had been caught selling 'political and military secrets' to British intelligence."

Johnston, Philip, Tim Butcher, and Alan Philps. "Deal Sought to Defuse Spy Row." Telegraph (London), 8 May 1996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Ministers were hoping [on 7 May 1996] for a compromise deal to avert a full- scale spying row between London and Moscow over the alleged links of British diplomats with a Russian agent."

See also, Neela Banerjee, "British Spies' Alleged Return to the Cold Is Unlikely to Chill Russia-West Ties," Wall Street Journal, 8 May 1996, A10; Michael R. Gordon, "In Cold War Throwback, Moscow Says London Runs a Spy Ring," New York Times, 8 May 1996, A13; and Lee Hochstader,"Russia Threatens to Expel Britons on Spy Charges," Washington Post, 8 May 1996, A30.

Philps, Alan. "Moscow May Soften Line on Expulsion of 'Spies.'" Telegraph (London), 9 May 1996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"A hint that Russia was ready for compromise over the case of nine British embassy staff accused of spying emerged [on 8 May 1996] as negotiations continued in Moscow on how to prevent the row degenerating into a round of tit-for-tat expulsions."

Philps, Alan. "Russia Nears Deal on British 'Spies.'" Telegraph (London), 13 May 1996. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Most of the nine British embassy staff accused of involvement in a spy ring in Moscow may escape summary expulsion under a deal being worked out between the Foreign Office and Russian authorities. It is understood from well-informed Russian sources that only those staff 'directly connected' with running a Russian 'mole' will be ordered out."

Burns, Jimmy, and John Thornhill. "Russia Insists It Will Expel UK 'Spies.'" Financial Times, 15 May 1996, 2.

Binyon, Michael, and Richard Beeston. "Britain Expels Russians in Spy Tit- for-Tat." Times (London), 18 May 1996, 1.

See also, John Darnton, The Spy for a Spy Showdown: Russia Expels Four, So Does Britain," New York Times, 18 May 1996, A4; Chrystia Freeland and John Kampfner, "Russia and UK Order Tit-for-Tat Embassy Expulsions," Financial Times, 18 May 1996, 1.

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