UNITED KINGDOM

Post-Cold War

2012 - 2015

Generally

Materials presented chronologically.

Lewis, Jason. "Rendition: Did UK Play Secret Role?" Telegraph (London), 25 Feb. 2012. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Classified documents, seen by The Sunday Telegraph, suggest Parliament has been repeatedly misled by ministers about the extent of British intelligence officials' involvement" in American-run rendition operations. "The papers outline how MI6 provided key intelligence and support for the transfer" of Abdelhakim Belhadj to Tripoli in March 2004. "They show that, in direct contradiction to assurances given by successive governments," the British airbase at Diego Garcia "was apparently used as a key staging post for the CIA programme."

Whitehead, Tom. "Number of Russian Spies in the UK Back to Cold War Levels, Say Security Services." Telegraph (London), 6 Apr. 2012. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"It is believed there could be as many as 40 Russian spies active in the UK at any one time -- similar to if not higher than numbers just before the end of the Cold War, sources said."

Willis, Amy. "Top Level British Secrets 'Compromised by Canadian Spy.'" Telegraph (London), 25 Jul. 2012. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Jeffrey Paul Delisle, a naval intelligence officer, has been charged with selling a vast trove of top secret information between July 2007 and January 2012. Authorities are investigating whether the foreign entities involved may be Russian diplomats, following the recall of four envoys from Ottawa. Moscow has denied any links despite the diplomats having been recalled before their postings had been completed."

Satter, Raphael. "Paper: U.K. Government Getting U.S. Spy Agency's Data." Time, 7 Jun. 2013. [http://world.time.com]

The Guardian reported on 7 June 2013 that the "U.K. has been secretly gathering communications data from American Internet giants with the help" of the NSA. The paper "said it had seen documents showing how ... GCHQ has had access to America's 'PRISM' electronic eavesdropping system since at least June 2010."

MacAskill, Ewen, Julian Borger, Nick Hopkins, Nick Davies, and James Ball. "GCHQ Taps Fibre-Optic Cables for Secret Access to World's Communications." Guardian, 21 Jun. 2013. [http://www.guardian.co.uk]

GCHQ has the "ability to tap into and store huge volumes of data drawn from fibre-optic cables for up to 30 days so that it can be sifted and analysed. That operation, codenamed Tempora, has been running for some 18 months.... The existence of the programme has been disclosed in documents shown to the Guardian by the NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden."

Intelligence and Security Committee. Intelligence and Security Committee Annual Report 2012-2013. London: Stationery Office, 10 Jul. 2013. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/intelligence-and-security-committee-annual-report-2012-2013.

Marsden, Sam. "The Spy Chiefs: Sir John Sawers, MI6." Telegraph (London), 7 Nov. 2013. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Sir John Sawers[, 58,] was a senior career diplomat who had worked in both the Middle East and Downing Street before becoming head of the Secret Intelligence Service, MI6, in November 2009."

Winning, Nicholas. "U.K. Appoints New Chief of GCHQ Spy Agency." Wall Street Journal, 15 Apr. 2014. [http://online.wsj.com/news]

On 15 April 2014, the British government "appointed Robert Hannigan as the new chief" of GCHQ. Hannigan is "a senior civil servant who has advised Prime Minister David Cameron on counterterrorism and security issues."

Telegraph (London). "New MI6 Head Revealed as Alex Younger to Replace Sir John Sawers." 3 Oct. 2014. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Alex Younger has been appointed as successor to Sir John Sawers as chief of the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS),... Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said. Described as a career SIS officer, Mr Younger has for the last two years been overseeing MI6's intelligence operations worldwide."

Saul, Heather. "MI5 Head Warns al-Qaeda Is Planning 'Mass Casualty Attacks against the West.'" The Independent, 9 Jan. 2015. [http://www.independent.co.uk]

Director General of MI5 Andrew Parker "said in a speech at the MI5 headquarters in London that extremists still wanted to 'cause large scale loss of life' by targeting transport networks and landmarks.... He told the the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI):... 'We know, for example, that a group of core al-Qaeda terrorists in Syria is planning mass casualty attacks against the West.'" Kim Sengupta, "Charlie Hebdo Attack: MI5 Chief Reveals Britain Faced Four Major Terror Plots in Past Year," The Independent, 9 Jan. 2015, adds that Parker also said that "Britain has faced four major terrorist plots in the past year, three of them in the past few months alone."

Adam, Karla. "Edward Snowden Files Reveal GCHQ Scooped Up Journalist E-mails." Washington Post, 19 Jan. 2015. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The Guardian newspaper reports that documents released by Edward Snowden reveal that GCHQ "has collected e-mails from international media organizations.... Citing separate documents released by Snowden,... the Guardian also said that GCHQ had listed 'investigative journalists' as a threat alongside terrorists and hackers."

Harper, Tom, Richard Kerbaj, and Tim Shipman. "British Spies Betrayed to Russians and Chinese." Sunday Times (London), 14 Jun. 2015. [http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/]

"Russia and China have cracked the top-secret cache of files stolen by ... Edward Snowden, forcing MI6 to pull agents out of live operations in hostile countries, according to senior officials in Downing Street, the Home Office and the security services."

Drury, Ian. "Wiped Out by an RAF Team Sitting 3,000 Miles Away in Lincolnshire." The Daily Mail, 7 Sep. 2015. [http://www.dailymail.co.uk]

British jihadists Reyaad Khan, from Cardiff and Ruhul Amin, from Aberdeen, were killed on August 21 by a Reaper drone controlled by RAF pilots siting in a hi-tech control hub at RAF Waddington.

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