UNITED KINGDOM

Post-Cold War

2010 - 2011

Generally

Materials presented chronologically.

Stringer, David. "Ex-Spy Chief: US Misled Allies over Detainees." Associated Press, 9 Mar. 2010. [http://www.ap.com]

Eliza Manningham-Buller, former head of MI5, has told a meeting at Britain's Parliament that "United States intelligence agencies misled key allies, including Britain, about its mistreatment of suspected terrorists."

Gardham, Duncan. "UK Has 5,700 'Secret Agents.'" Telegraph (London), 18 Mar. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

According to the annual report of the parliamentary Intelligence and Security Committee, issued on 17 March 2010, the number of domestic security service officers who work for MI5 is "around 3,500 officers with an aim to increase that to 4,100 by next year." There are "2,252 MI6 officers and it aims to increase that to 2,527 this year.... The report also revealed there were 5,296 staff employed at the GCHQ monitoring station in Cheltenham.... The report said the combined budget for MI5, MI6 and GCHQ was now £2.2bn."

Carrera, Gordon. "GCHQ: Spooks in Socks and Sandals." Sunday Times (London), 28 Mar. 2010. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk]

"With about 5,500 employees, GCHQ is Britain's largest but least well-known intelligence agency." GCHQ's building on the outskirts of Cheltenham is "known as the doughnut because it is round with a hole in the middle." Its director is Iain Lobban. "GCHQ has an increasingly close relationship with the armed forces. Military commanders are briefed at Cheltenham before their deployment, and GCHQ staff are sent out to work with them.... Staff embedded with the armed forces call in by webcam to a huge video wall at Cheltenham."

Telegraph (London). "Ageing Spies Unable to Use the Internet." 28 Mar. 2010. [http://www. telegraph.co.uk]

"Despite an expanding budget, MI5 is laying off employees in order to hire new intelligence officers and support staff with better command of information technology and other 'deployable' skills.... Whitehall officials said the MI5 redundancy programme was aimed at altering the skills profile of the organisation and increasing the number of its staff that can be deployed on active operations.... MI5 currently has around 3,500 officers and is on course to have 4,100 by next year, double its size in 2001."

Rimington, Dame Stella, to Alasdair Palmer. "Of Course, They're Spying on Us, Too...." Telegraph (London), 4 Jul. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"[N]o one should be surprised that espionage is still going on, for the truth is that espionage never dies.... Countries want to know the secrets of their rivals and competitors.... Are the Russians up to the same sort of thing in Britain? You bet they are.... And the Russians are not the only foreign power actively spying in Britain. MI5 also mentions the level of the Chinese espionage attack.... Countering the threat posed by espionage puts a considerable strain on our security services at a time when they also have to counter the much more immediate and potentially lethal danger of Islamic extremist terrorism."

Telegraph (London). "British Spy Death Investigation Focuses on Gareth Williams' Private Life." 27 Aug. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

The decomposing body of "GCHQ mathematics prodigy" Gareth Williams "was found stuffed into a bag in the bath" of his London apartment on 23 Agust 2010. A "post-mortem examination failed to identify a cause of death.... Williams was days from completing a one-year secondment to the headquarters of MI6 from his job" at GCHQ.

Richard Edwards and Duncan Gardham, "Spy Death May Be Linked to MI6 Work," Telegraph (London), 30 Aug. 2010, report that the police "have not ruled out the possibility that the death" of Gareth Williams "could be linked to his work after investigations into his private life failed to provide a motive for his murder.... They are also investigating links with the US where he made a number of trips to liaise" with the NSA and CIA.

Richard Edwards and Duncan Gardham, "MI6 Spy Gareth Williams Murder: Police Probe Poisoning Theory," Telegraph (London), 6 Sep. 2010, add that "[d]etectives believe that poisoning is now a most likely cause of death" for Gareth Williams and "are carrying out further tests for toxic substances, after almost all other possibilities were ruled out.... Reports that Mr Williams was a high-flyer who secretly oversaw top secret Transatlantic projects have been played down and his role at GCHQ was that of a 'middleranking civil servant.'"

Gardham, Duncan. "MI5 Officers to Give Evidence to 7/7 Inquiry." Telegraph (London), 11 Oct. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"MI5 officers could be called to answer questions in public as part of the inquests into the deaths of 52 people in the terrorist bomb attacks" on 7 July 2005, which begins on 11 October 2010.

Roberts, Laura. "Sir John Sawers: MI6 Chief Says Intelligence Is Key to Curbing Iran's Nuclear Power." Telegraph (London), 28 Oct. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

In a speech to the Society of Editors in London, MI6 chief Sir John Sawers said that "[i]ntelligence operations are vital to stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons." The speech "was the first public address by a head of the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS)." See also, Shaun Waterman, "Britain's Spy Master Goes Public: Warns of Increasing Terrorist Threats from Abroad," Washington Times, 28 Oct. 2010; and J.J. Sutherland, "British Spy Chief Gives First Public Speech by a British Spy Chief Ever," NPR, 28 Oct. 2010.

Mendick, Robert. "Russian Woman Working in House of Commons 'Faces Deportation over Spy Allegations.'" Telegraph (London), 5 Dec. 2010. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

Katia Zatuliveter, who was working as an aide to "Mike Hancock, a Liberal Democrat MP who sits on the defence select committee," is facing deportation over allegations she is a spy for Russian intelligence. "It was reported that her expulsion was approved by the Theresa May, the Home Secretary." See also, Sylvia Hui, "Russian 'spy' Challenges Deportation from UK," Associated Press, 9 Dec. 2010.

Harding, Luke, Richard Norton-Taylor, and Tom Parfitt. "Russian Diplomat Expelled from UK for Alleged Spying; Kremlin Responds by Expelling Briton from British Embassy in Moscow as Tit-for-Tat Espionage Row Deepens." The Guardian, 21 Dec. 2010. [http://www.guardian.co.uk]

"Britain's troubled relations with Moscow suffered another blow today when [Foreign Secretary] William Hague announced he had expelled a Russian diplomat in London following 'clear evidence' of spying." The British ultimatum was issued on 10 December 2010. "Russia responded on 16 December by expelling a diplomat from the British embassy in Moscow."

Townsend, Mark, and Henry McDonald. "New Irish Terror Groups Are Threat to UK, Warn Police." The Guardian (UK), 24 Apr. 2011. [http://www.guardian.co.uk]

According to senior counter-terrorism sources, "the threat from dissidents attacking the mainland 'now goes beyond an aspiration' and ... they now possess the means to mount an attack across the Irish Sea. Amid rising tension in the province and fears of an 'Easter offensive' by dissident groups, police in Northern Ireland also warned that anti-ceasefire republicans were plotting to kill more police officers."

Rayment, Sean. "SAS to Help US Hunt Down al-Qaeda Leaders." Sunday Telegraph (London), 8 May 2011. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

British Prime Minister David Cameron "has given his approval" for the SAS "to be used beyond Afghanistan in order to 'decapitate' the al-Qaeda leadership. Britain already has counter-terrorist teams located in the North West Frontier Province in Pakistan and in Yemen, where they are responsible for training indigenous troops in counter-insurgency, counter-IED and counter-intelligence techniques."

BBC. "Intelligence and Security Committee Wants More Power." 13 Jul. 2011. [http://www.bbc.co.uk]

In its 2010-2011 annual report, the Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC) asked that "its remit be extended from covering the security agencies' policies, administration and finances to their operations as well." Committee Chairman Sir Malcolm Rifkind "says the ISC should become a parliamentary committee, delivering its reports to Westminster" as well as the Prime Minister.

The ISC Website, http://isc.independent.gov.uk, notes that the report was forwarded to the Prime Mininister on 7 July 2011 and that it was laid before Parliament on 13 July 2011. The Report is available at: http://isc.independent.gov.uk/committee-reports/annual-reports.

Gardham, Duncan. "Whizz Kids Deserting the Spy World as Threat of Attacks Increases." Telegraph (London), 13 Jul. 2011. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

In comments carried in the 2010-2011 annual report of the parliamentary Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC), GCHQ Director Iain Lobban said that in retaining employees "he can offer his staff a 'fantastic mission' but struggles with salaries.... GCHQ hired 491 new staff last year, raising numbers to 5,675, but also had 297 contractors at a total cost of £43.1m." The report "also said there was a shortage of linguists with rare languages and that all three intelligence agencies had set up a joint language centre at MI5 to train more....

"Sir John Sawers, the chief of MI6, said he would visit China once a year to 'build up the relationship and develop the understanding that will be required for the decades ahead.'" MI5 Director General Jonathan Evans "told the committee in February that the amount of surveillance the service was undertaking with police colleagues 'was the highest at any point that we have ever had to put out on the streets.'"

Nordland, Rod. "Files Note Close C.I.A. Ties to Qaddafi Spy Unit." New York Times, 2 Sep. 2011. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Documents discovered on 2 September 2011 by journalists and Human Rights Watch "at the abandoned office of Libya's former spymaster appear to provide new details of the close relations" the CIA and MI-6 "shared with the Libyan intelligence service.... The documents cover 2002 to 2007, with many of them concentrated in late 2003 and 2004, when Moussa Koussa was head of the External Security Organization." See also, Richard Spencer, "Libya: Secret Dossier Reveals Gaddafi's UK Spy Links," Telegraph (London), 3 Sep. 2011.

Verkaik, Robert. "Conflict of Interest Row as Ex-MI5 Chief Rules on Fate of Russian 'Spy,' Accused of Using Her Job in Parliament to Snoop on Britain." Daily Mail, 25 Sep. 2011. [http://www.dailymail.co.uk]

Sir Stephen Lander, former head of MI5, "is to sit on a panel of judges [the Special Immigration Appeals Commission] who will rule on whether Katia Zatuliveter," a Russian woman accused of using her job with Liberal Democrat MP Mike Hancock to spy on Britain, should be deported..

Gardham, Duncan, and Andrew Osborn. "Katia Zatuliveter: From Russia with Love but Strictly No Spying." Telegraph (London), 30 Nov. 2011. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"Katia Zatuliveter, 26, had affairs with Mike Hancock, a member of the defence select committee, and with a Dutch diplomat, a German Nato official and a UN worker." However, the Special Immigration and Appeals Commission concluded on 29 November 2011 that those relationships "were 'entirely consistent with her being an ambitious young woman with an intense interest in politics and international relations.'" She will be allowed "to stay in Britain until her visa expires" in August 2012.

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