UNITED KINGDOM

Overviews

2000s

Hoare, Oliver, ed. "Special Issue on British Intelligence in the Twentieth Century: A Missing Dimension?" Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 1 (Spring 2002): Entire issue.

1. Oliver Hoare, "Introduction," 1-5.

"This special issue contains the papers given at a two-day research conference held at the [P]ublic Record Office (PRO), The National Archive [italics in original], 29-30 June 2001. The conference ... was designed to investigate the impact of recent open government initiatives ... on the study of intelligence, together with the wider reverberations of intelligence upon military, diplomatic and international history."

2. Stephen Lander [Sir], "British Intelligence in the Twentieth Century," 7-20.

The Director-General of the Security Service (MI5) discusses his service's archival management and release policies.

3. Gill Bennett, "Declassification and Release Policies of the UK's Intelligence Agencies," 21-32.

The author is "Chief Historian at the Foreign & Commenwealth Office [FCO] and Senior Editor of the FCO's official post-war documentary history series, Documents on British Policy Overseas." Here, she discusses "the current policies on declassification and release" of MI5, MI6, and GCHQ.

4. Yigal Sheffy, "British Intelligence and the Middle East, 1900-1918: How Much Do We Know?" 33-52.

Until World War I, "almost no institutionalized British intelligence agency functioned in the region on a permanent basis." The coming of the war "completely altered the picture." There are sufficient primary sources available to allow serious study within a broad context of the functioning of the British intelligence apparatus in the Middle East during the first two decades of the 20th century. However, "available evidence remains obscure and fragmentary with regard to the inner mechanism of the system."

5. John Ferris, "The Road to Bletchley Park: The British Experience with Signals Intelligence, 1892-1945," 53-84.

The author examines "the state of the evidence and the literature on British signals intelligence between 1892 and 1945,... consider[s] how the evidence in the public domain has changed since the Waldegrave Initiative,... [and] sketches an alternative history of British signals intelligence during 1892-1945."

6. Antony Best, "Intelligence, Diplomacy and the Japanese Threat to British Interests, 1914-41," 85-100.

Best seeks to "assess the impact of the new intelligence records ... on the history of Anglo-Japanese diplomatic relations in the inter-war period, using as case studies MI5's surveillance of the spy Frederick Rutland, the origins of the Leith-Ross mission of 1935, and British intelligence on Japanese pan-Asianism."

7. Sheila Kerr, "Investigating Soviet Espionage and Subversion: The Case of Donald Maclean," 101-116.

The author concludes that the available intelligence record is insufficient to determine intelligence's or Maclean's "impact on the collection and analysis that supported the formulation and implementation of Soviet foreign policy."

8. Nigel West, "'Venona': The British Dimension," 117-134.

According to West, the "Venona" texts allow the identification of GRU X Group operatives "Intelligensia" and "Nobility" as J.B.S. Haldane and Ivor Montagu, respectively. There are lots of other codenames still to be revealed.

9. Richard J. Aldrich, "'Grow Your Own': Cold War Intelligence and History Supermarkets," 135-152.

"Ultimately, historians who feast only on the processed food available in the PRO's efficient history supermarket may begin to display a flabby posture. There is no such thing as a free lunch and the hidden tariff at the PRO is a pre-selected menu."

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