Prior to 2000

D - L

Davies, Philip H.J. "Organizational Politics and the Development of Britain's Intelligence Producer/Consumer Interface." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 4 (Oct. 1995): 113-132. In Intelligence Analysis and Assessment, eds. David A. Charters, A. Stuart Farson, and Glenn P. Hastedt, 113-132.

Deacon, Richard [Donald McCormick]. A History of the British Secret Service. London: Muller, 1969. New York: Taplinger, 1970. London: Grafton, 1991. [pb] JN329I6D41970

Dorril, Stephen.

1. The Silent Conspiracy: Inside the Intelligence Services in the 1990s. London: Heinemann, 1993.

2. and Robin Ramsey. Smear! Wilson and the Secret State. London: Fourth Estate, 1991. London: Grafton, 1992. [pb]

Ellis, K. L. "British Communications and Diplomacy since 1844." Journal of the Society of Archivists 4, no. 7 (1973): 592-595.

Felstead, Sidney Theodore. Intelligence -- An Indictment of a Colossal Failure. London: Hutchinson, 1941.

Wilcox: "General account of failure of pre-WWII intelligence efforts."

Ferris, John. "The British 'Enigma': Britain, Signal Security and Cipher Machines, 1906-1946." Defense Analysis 3, no. 2 (May 1987): 153-163.

Gribble, Leonard. On Secret Service. London: Burke, 1946.

Godson, Roy, ed. Comparing Foreign Intelligence: The U.S., the USSR, the U.K. & the Third World. Washington, DC: Pergamon-Brassey's, 1988.

Grant, R.G. MI5/MI6: Britain's Security and Secret Intelligence Services. New York: Gallery Books, 1989.

Herman, Michael. "Assessment Machinery: British and American Models." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 4 (Oct. 1995): 13-33.

British "assessments" and American "estimates" are the same beast. Herman identifies two basic models for production of community assessments. One model emphasizes "interdepartmental arrangements that enable departments to cooperate collegially" (emphasis in original). The paradigm here is the British JIC. The second model utilizes "forms of central intelligence that supplement or supplant the departmental system" (emphasis in original). In the United States, this form is represented by the DCI and the CIA's Intelligence Directorate. Nonetheless, "both national systems have elements of both collegiality and centralism."

Herman, Michael. British Intelligence Towards the Millennium: Issues and Opportunities. London Defence Studies No. 38. London: Brassey's for the Centre for Defence Studies, King's College, University of London, 1997.

According to Wark, I&NS 12.4, this 73-page pamphlet is "a condensed and valuable discussion" of the issues Herman raised in Intelligence Power in Peace and War. Herman's prescriptions for change in British intelligence "have a down-to-earth quality, a pragmatism sometimes missing in the more futuristic speculation on intelligence." Herman would like to see the UK direct a greater proportion of intelligence resources to all-source analysis, and he favors a greater degree of management centralization.

Herman, Michael. Intelligence Power in Peace and War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Freeman, I&NS 12.2, proclaims that this book "has an elegance and perspective that raises the study of intelligence to new levels.... The organization is methodical, the analysis meticulous, the range of sources extraordinary and the writing crisp and lucid.... It is one of the few weaknesses of the book that [Herman] has decided not to explore the relevance of his analysis for questions of democratic accountability."

In a highly laudatory review, Westerfield, IJI&C 10.3, states that "[n]o one who is serious about intelligence studies should fail to become familiar with this book." The emphasis of Herman's work is inclined "toward the analysis function and toward interface with policymakers." Additionally, his chapter on liaison is "excellent, extraordinarily frank."

Hoffman, History 26.1, says that the author "captures the essence of the intelligence mandate and argues for its enduring place" among the needs of governments. In the process, Herman makes the case against "market-driven collection," a faddish concept that "does not hold to the more tangential world of intelligence." This is "a learned text" that is "thoughful and well-conceived."

For Latawski, Rusi Journal, Apr. 1998, this is "a very thought-provoking and important work for understanding how an intelligence community works, when it fails and how it might work better.... Herman offers frank views on problems encountered in various components of the intelligence community." However, the "book is not an easy read."

According to Hess, IIHSG [International Intelligence History Association] Newsletter 7.1 (Summer 1999) and JIH 1.1, this "is a scholarly study and for those readers who want to know about the internal workings of intelligence it provides more fascination than many of the 'cloak and dagger' spy stories.... [This] thoroughly researched, well-structured, and very readable book is highly recommendable."

Intelligence and Security Committee. Intelligence and Security Committee Annual Report.

"The Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC) reports annually to the Prime Minister on its work. These annual reports, after any redactions of sensitive material, are then laid before both Houses of Parliament, together with the government's response, and debated."

The annual reports are available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/intelligence-and-security-committee-isc-annual-reports.

Lanning, Hugh, and Richard Norton-Taylor. A Conflict of Loyalties. Cheltenham, UK: New Clarion Press, 1991.

Leigh, David. The Wilson Plot: How the Spycatchers and Their American Allies Tried to Overthrow the British Government. New York: Pantheon, 1988.

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