Prior to 2000

A - C

Adams, James. Secret Armies: Inside the American, Soviet and European Special Forces. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1988.

Valcourt, IJI&C 2.3, says the "title is overly ambitious," since there is "a relative lack of information on the special forces of all nations except the United States.... Despite considerable lip service by politicians and military chieftains..., the units have generally been resented and ignored." The book is "readable" and a "good introduction to the field."

According to NameBase, "Adams ... frequently seems overly enthusiastic, as if he were writing ad copy in a magazine for would-be mercenaries. But ... [he] does manage some credible reporting on Britain's Special Air Service (SAS) and their efforts against the IRA, the war in Afghanistan, and the series of complete screw-ups in Grenada.... Other chapters deal with special forces training and equipment, Charles Beckwith's Delta Force, and Soviet operations. There is also a bibliography with 90 titles, and a 13-page appendix that describes special forces alphabetically by country."

Aldrich, Richard J., ed. British Intelligence, Strategy and the Cold War, 1945-1951. London & New York: Routledge, 1992.

Andrew, Christopher.

1. "Churchill and Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 3, no. 3 (Jul. 1988): 181-193.

It was under Churchill's "inspirational leadership ... that the previously fragmented British intelligence services achieved at last that degree of co-ordination which turned them into an intelligence community. And it was Churchill also who was the moving force in making the Anglo-American intelligence alliance which has remained ever since the most special part of 'the special relationship."'

2. "Codebreaking and Foreign Offices: The French, British and American Experience." In The Missing Dimension: Governments and Intelligence Communities in the Twentieth Century, eds. Christopher Andrew and David Dilks, 33-53. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1984.

3. Her Majesty's Secret Service: The Making of the British Intelligence Community. London: Heinemann, 1985. New York: Viking, 1985. JN329I6A53

Bower, Tom.

1. The Perfect English Spy: Sir Dick White and the Secret War, 1935-90. London: Heinemann, 1995. The Perfect English Spy: The Unknown Man in Charge During the Most Tumultuous, Scandal-Ridden Era in Espionage History. New York: St. Martin's, 1995.

2. Red Web: MI6 and the KGB Master Coup. London: Aurum, 1989. London: Mandarin, 1993. [pb]

Bulloch, John. M.I.5: The Origin and History of the British Counter-Espionage Service. London: Arthur Barker, 1963.

Curry, Jack C. The Security Service, 1908-1945: The Official History. London: Public Record Office, 1999.

West, The Spectator, 2 Oct. 1999, notes that this work was written at the end of World War II and only now has been declassified and released to the PRO. Curry prepared "a comprehensive history tracing MI5's origins back to before the first world war.... [This] is a candid chronology of MI5's inability to cope with German spies before the second world war, and Soviet spies generally."

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