UNITED KINGDOM

Historical

(Pre-World War I Materials)

G - L

Gough, Barry M. "Lieutenant William Peel, British Naval Intelligence, and the Oregon Crisis." Northern Mariner 4, no. 4 (1994): 1-14.

Grayson, William C. Chicksands: A Millennium of History. Bowie, MD: Shefford Press, 1992.

Surveillant 2.6: The "later chapters include ... contributions of the RAF Y [Intercept] Service to the allied victory" in World War II "and Chicksands various secret missions.... [T]he 'American era' which began in 1950 ... revolves around the USAF Communications Security units."

Green, Dominic. The Double Life of Doctor Lopez: Spies, Shakespeare and the Plot to Poison Elizabeth I. London: Century Hutchinson, 2003.

Worden, Telegraph (London), 9 Jun. 2003, refers to the author's "skilful and scholarly reconstruction of the episode" involving "Elizabeth I's personal physician, the elderly Portuguese Jew, Roderigo Lopez." In 1594, Lopez "was convicted of plotting the death of the queen and was hanged, drawn and quartered before a jeering crowd." Whether the charges against him "were true or not, they were a mere pretext for his death. He was sacrificed to the vicious factional strife of late-Elizabethan politics."

Greenspan, Nicole. "News, Intelligence, and Espionage at the Exiled Court at Cologne: The Case of Henry Manning." Media History 11, no. 1/2 (2005): 105-125.

Grendler, Paul F. "Giacomo Antonio Marta: Antipapal Lawyer and English Spy, 1609-1618." Catholic Historical Review 93, no. 4 (2007): 789-814.

Grob-Fitzgibbon, Benjamin. "Neglected Intelligence: How the British Government Failed to Quell the Ulster Volunteer Force, 1912-1914." Journal of Intelligence History 6, no. 1 (Summer 2006): 1-23. [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

Hammer, Paul E. J. "An Elizabethan Spy Who Came in from the Cold: The Return of Anthony Standen to England in 1593." Historical Research 65 (1992): 277-295.

Hampshire, James. "'Spy Fever' in Britain, 1900 to 1914." The Historian [London] 72 (2001): 22-27.

Harris, John Raymond. Industrial Espionage and Technology Transfer: Britain and France in the Eighteenth Century. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 1998.

Harris, Stephen M. British Military Intelligence in the Crimean War, 1854-1856. London & Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1999.

Lambert, Times Literary Supplement, 12 Mar. 1999, finds that "Harris demonstrates that ... Lord Raglan, far from being the elderly, bumbling aristocratic lightweight of popular literature, was a calculating and sophisticated commander who relied on an effective intelligence network.... [B]ehind their carefully contrived aristocratic hauteur, British generals took a thoroughly modern approach to their work, one in which intelligence played a critical part."

For Baumgart, I&NS 14.3, this work "is a welcome addition to the vast literature on the Crimean War." Its focus is on how the British expeditionary force in the Crimea gathered its intelligence on the Russian army. Herman, RUSI Journal, Feb. 2000, also welcomes this "revision of the stereotype of British intellegence buffoonery." But, for him, "the book is [also] full of material with a bearing on modern intelligence doctrine."

Kruh, Cryptologia 24.1, notes the author's suggestion that "the American Civil War offers the best comparison for measuring the quality of British intelligence in the Crimea. In both cases intelligence systems evolved from nothing." While Wetzel, JMH, Oct. 1999, appreciates the "compelling portrait" that the author draws of Charles Cattley and is in general favorably inclined toward the work, he also notes the "stiff and flat" prose and the "congested" narrative.

Haswell, Jock. The First Respectable Spy: The Life and Times of Colquhoun Grant, Wellington's Head of Intelligence. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1969.

For Burnham, http://www.napoleon-series.org, Nov. 2000, this book "contains information that may appeal to the casual reader with little knowledge of the Peninsula War. Despite its unique topic, the book contains little new information for the serious student of the Peninsula War. Much of the information on the war can be found in other volumes, while most of the information about Grant can be found in other books."

Haynes, Alan. Invisible Power: The Elizabethan Secret Services, 1570-1603. London: Sutton, 1992. New York: St. Martin's, 1992.

Surveillant 2.5 sees Invisible Power as a "rather slim presentation." Pryor, Spectator, 20 Jun. 1992, says that "[f]or those wishing to learn more about spying and counterspying during the period, about plots and counterplots, and rivalry in high places, Alan Haynes's survey can be recommended."

Hittle, J.B.E. Michael Collins and the Anglo-Irish War: Britain's Counterinsurgency Failure. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2011.

Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012), finds that "[p]articular attention is given to the network of informers Collins organized, the insurgency techniques he developed and exploited so effectively, the role of propaganda, and his ruthless use of assassination to achieve his goals." The author also "provides detailed critical analysis" of British intelligence and its attempts to counter Collins's operations.

Hobman, D.L. Cromwell's Master Spy: A Study of John Thurloe. London: Chapman & Hall, 1961.

Constantinides: The author "conveys the story of Thurloe's intelligence and security activities on behalf of Cromwell and his regime and describes his work as the oraganizer and brain of the widespread espionage system without which, some experts contend, Cromwell would not have survived.... The book could have used an index." See also, Aubrey, Mr. Secretary Thurloe (1990).

Hogge, Alice. God's Secret Agents: Queen Elizabeth's Forbidden Priests and the Hatching of the Gunpowder Plot. London: HarperCollins, 2005.

Plot and counterplot in England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. To Foot, I&NS 21.6 (Dec. 2006), the author provides "that excellent rarity, a work of readable scholarship." The reviewer in Publisher's Weekly (via Amazon.com) sees this as a "sometimes dry and sometimes lively popular religious history."

Hofschröer, Peter. "Grant's Waterloo Intelligence: Was Dörnberg the Cause of Wellington's Delays?" Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research 76 (1998): 163-176.  

Honan, Park. Christopher Marlowe: Poet & Spy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Feingold, New York Times, 29 Jan. 2006, says that this "is a book that frustrates, and occasionally infuriates, as often as it fascinates, because at its core the myth fits the facts of Marlowe's life and art only too well, driving Honan into an apologetic swarm of digressions, speculations, half-evasions and logic-choppings. He gives a sumptuously detailed picture of Marlowe's world, but rarely brings the poet himself into focus."

Hutchinson, Robert. Elizabeth's Spy Master: Francis Walsingham and the Secret War that Saved England. London: Phoenix, 2006.

Dafforne, I&NS 22.6 (Dec. 2007), uses such terms as "lucid account" and "fine narrative" to describe this work. However, the reviewer would have preferred that the author have paid more attention "to major historical events." In addition, "Hutchinson tends to draw comparisons with the twenty-first century too readily and too frequently." However, these are "minor faults in an otherwise excellent book."

Jeffery, Keith. "Irish Intelligence and British War Planning, 1910-14." In Intelligence, Statecraft and International Power: Historical Studies XXV, eds. Eunan O’Halpin, Robert Armstrong, and Jane Ohlmeyer, 107-118. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

Jeremy, David John. "Transatlantic Industrial Espionage in the Early Nineteenth Century: Barriers and Penetrations." Textile History 26, no. 1 (1995): 95-122.

Note from Royal Historical Society Database: "Britain was the main target for American industrial spies in the early nineteenth century."

Johnston, Otto W. "British Espionage and Prussian Politics in the Age of Napoleon." Intelligence and National Security 2, no. 2 (Apr. 1987): 230-244.

Kennedy, Padraic C. "The Secret Service Department: A British Intelligence Bureau in Mid-Victorian London, September 1867 to April 1868." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 3 (Autumn 2003): 100-127.

"Although the authorities had seriously overestimated the threats to England's security in late 1867, their efforts to establish and disband the Secret Service Department represented a pragmatic approach to the perceived crisis."

King, Agnes. "Jersey, centre d'espionnage au début de la période révolutionnaire" [Jersey, a hive of espionage at the beginning of the revolutionary period]. Revue d'histoire moderne 9, no. 15 (1934), 423-434.

Royal Historical Society Database: Covers 1775-1800.

Le Caron, Henri [pseud., Thomas Miller Beach]. Twenty-Five Years in the Secret Service: The Recollections of a Spy. London: Heinemann, 1892. 10th ed. London: EP Publishing, 1974.

Canadian Security Intelligence Service. "History" [http://www.csis-scrs.gc.ca/hstrrtfcts/index-eng.asp]: "Henri Le Caron, born Thomas Miller Beach, was a Civil War veteran recruited by the British in 1867 to spy on the Fenian movement in the United States. Le Caron was arguably one of the most successful covert agents to work for the Canadian government." See also, J.A. Cole, Prince of Spies: Henri Le Caron (London: Faber & Faber, 1984); and Peter Edwards, Delusion: The True Story of Victorian Superspy Henri Le Caron (Toronto: Key Porter, 2008).

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