UNITED KINGDOM

Biographies

H - Q

Hale, Don. The Final Dive: The Life and Death of "Buster" Crabb. Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton, 2007.

Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008) and Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), notes that the author "does not provide any source notes," and "adds clumsy errors that detract from his analysis." Nevertheless, this is "a comprehensive picture of what is known and alleged. But it is not easy to tell the difference." For Goodman, I&NS 24.4 (Aug. 2009), the author's "uncritical use of oral history" introduces "several spurious claims.... The frequent errors not only undermine several of Hale's claims, but they also show a general lack of understanding of the Whitehall machinery at this time."

See also, Marshall Pugh, Frogman (1956); J. Bernard Hutton, Frogman Spy (1960); Michael G. and Jacqui Welham, Frogman Spy (1990); and Nicholas Elliott, With My Little Eye (1993), pp. 23-27 [cited in Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008)].

Hart-Davis, Duff. Man of War: The Secret Life of Captain Alan Hillgarth Officer, Adventurer, Agent. London: Random House Century, 2012.

Peake, Studies 57.2 (Jun. 2013), notes that Hillgarth was naval attaché in Madrid.(1939-1943) and "developed a network of contacts among the Spaniards that proved valuable in monitoring German spies." This is a "fine biography" that records for history "the unusual career of an inadvertent but effective intelligence officer. A life adventure worth reading."

Hemming, Henry. Churchill's Iceman: The True Story of Geoffrey Pyke: Genius, Fugitive, Spy. London: Preface Publishing, Random House, 2014. London: Arrow Books, 2015. [pb]

According to Feigel, The Guardian, 29 Aug. 2014, the author tells Pyke's "story in a biography that reads wonderfully like an adventure story and looks set to restore to Pyke the fame he deserves.... Hemming has had the ingenious idea of structuring the book as a series of problems, which seems to be how Pyke himself experienced the process of living." However, "Pyke himself remains elusive.... The reader is given intellectual rather than emotional insights.... Hemmings's great achievement is to turn the story of a nerdish chameleon into a page-turner and to make someone hitherto unknown seem crucial to his century."

Peake, Studies, 59.2 (Jun. 2015), comments that this book tells us why "Pyke ranks with Steve Jobs as an innovative genius." The author "interlaces the telling of Pyke's scientific career with the problems Pyke created for himself because of his political views and associates.... Churchill's Iceman is skillfully written and superbly documented with interviews and recently declassified MI5 files."

Hoe, Alan, with a Foreword by Lt. Gen Sir Peter de la Billiere. David Stirling: An Authorised Biography of the Creator of the SAS. London: Little, Brown, 1991.

Howarth, Patrick. Intelligence Chief Extraordinary: The Life of the Ninth Duke of Portland. London: Bodley Head, 1986.

Clark comment: This is a biography of Sir Victor Cavendish-Bentinck, who headed the Joint Intelligence Council (JIC) during World War II. Sexton views Howarth's work as "[e]ssential for understanding the organizational and structural innovations that marked the advent of intelligence as an essential factor in the national decision-making process." To Foot, I&NS 2.1, this biography is "rewarding."

Hutton, J. Bernard [Pseud., Joseph Heisler]. Frogman Spy: The Incredible Case of Commander Crabbe. New York: McDowell Obolensky, 1960. London: Spearman, Neville, 1960.

A reviewer for Studies 5.3 (Summer 1961) suggests that this work "may be merely a pecuniary speculation by an exile fabrication mill, or [it] may be something more sophisticated, a product of Moscow's cold warriors; a case can be made for either view."

See also, Don Hale, The Final Dive (2007); Marshall Pugh, Frogman (1956); Michael G. and Jacqui Welham, Frogman Spy (1990); and Nicholas Elliott, With My Little Eye (1993), pp. 23-27 [cited in Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008)].

Huxley-Blythe, Peter J. The Man Who Was Uncle: Biography of a Master Spy. London: Barker, 1975.

Jago, Michael. The Man Who Was George Smiley: The Life of John Bingham. London: Biteback Publishing, 2013.

Peake, Studies 57.3 (Sep 2013), and Intelligencer 20.2 (Fall-Winter 2013), notes that Bingham led "a double life as a respected agent handler and a successful author writing under his true name.... This is a very interesting account of an unusual man."

James, William M. [Admiral Sir] The Eyes of the Navy: A Biographical Study of Admiral Sir Reginald Hall. London: Methuen, 1956. The Code Breakers of Room 40: The Story of Admiral Sir Reginald Hall, Genius of British Counterintelligence. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1956.

Judd, Alan. The Quest for C: Mansfield Cumming and the Founding of the Secret Service. London: HarperCollins, 1999.

Roberts, Spectator, 16 Oct. 1999, calls this biography of Sir Mansfield Cumming "a serious testament to the bravery and determination of the secret services" during World War I. The author "has had the inestimable advantages of support from his old employers [presumably SIS] and access to Cumming's secret diaries,... which he has diligently and on the whole successfully followed up." For Swain, I&NS 15.4, "Judd's is a general account, fluently written with journalistic flair and well worth reading; but it is not scholarly and footnotes are rare."

Lesberg, Sandy. The "Q" Factor: The True Story of Charles Fraser-Smith, The "Q" of the James Bond Novels. Phoenixville, PA: Peebles, 1980.

Lockhart, Robin Bruce.

1. Ace of Spies. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1967. Reilly: Ace of Spies. London: Quartet Books, 1992

2. Reilly: The First Man. New York: Penguin Paperbacks, 1987.

Lucas, Norman. Spycatcher: A Biography of Detective-Superintendent George Gordon Smith. London: W.H. Allen, 1973.

Macintyre, Ben. "An Intimate Betrayal." History Today 64, no. 5 (May 2014): 18-20.

The author focuses on the third volume of Guy Liddell's diaries, declassified in 2012. The volume covers the period 1945 to 1953, ending with Liddell's departure from MI5. "It is an astonishing ... document, charting Liddell's reactions to the mounting evidence of his friends' treachery, from bland confidence, through apprehension, to open suspicion." Liddell "slowly came to the grim realisation that some of his closest friends, men he trusted utterly, had deceived and betrayed him. Liddell's friendship with the Cambridge spies wrecked his career, unfairly tarnishing the reputation of an exceptional intelligence officer."

Masters, Anthony. The Man Who Was 'M': The Life of Maxwell Knight. London: Blackwell, 1984. London: HarperCollins, 1986. [pb]

From publisher: "In the late 1930's [Knight] gathered round him an elite group of young case-officers in [MI5's] Department B5(b).... Known as Knight's Black Agents, these men and women made a crucial contribution to Britain's readiness for the Second World War. Knight's responsibility was counter-subversion. He planted agents in the Communist Party of Great Britain, the British Union of Fascists and other pre-war extremist groups. He exposed the Communist-inspired Woolwich Arsenal Spy Ring in 1938, interned Oswald Mosley, the British Fascist leader, in 1940 and in the same year uncovered a Nazi plot to prevent America's entry into the war."

McLynn, Frank. Fitzroy Maclean. London: John Murray, 1992

According to Surveillant 2.6, this biography "contains little on [Maclean's] intelligence experiences." Clive, I&NS 9.1, refers to the book as an "authoritative biography." Maclean's "service in Yugoslavia with SOE ... is the centrepiece of the book." Maclean's "accomplishments will surely long outlive his critics."

Pincher, Chapman. Dangerous to Know -- A Life. London: Biteback Publishing, 2014.

Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), calls this "a delightful book both for its insights into society and the background it provides about Pincher's intelligence writings." For Levy, IJI&C 28.2 (Summer 2015), this "is a no-holds barred account of the life and times of a champion investigative reporter."

Clark comment: Though not officially an intelligence officer, Pincher's autobiography belongs among those he bedeviled over the years.

Porter, David. The Man Who Was Q: The Life of Charles Fraser-Smith. London: Paternoster, 1989. [pb]

Pugh, Marshall. Frogman: Commander Crabbe's Story. New York: Scribner, 1956. [Chambers]

See also, Don Hale, The Final Dive (2007); J. Bernard Hutton [pseud., Joseph Heisler], Frogman Spy (1960); Michael G. and Jacqui Welham, Frogman Spy (1990); and Nicholas Elliott, With My Little Eye (1993), pp. 23-27 [cited in Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008)].

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