TERRORISM

2012

Materials presented chronologically.

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "Intelligence Sharing and Law Enforcement Cooperation between Nations." In Counterterrorism: From the Cold War to the War on Terror, ed. Frank C. Shanty, 270-275. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2012.

"Intelligence sharing and law enforcement cooperation between nations are complex and at times very challenging activities.... Yet they are essential if transnational threats and criminal activities are to be effectively countered, prevented, or disrupted."

Miller, Greg. "At CIA, a Convert to Islam Leads the Terrorism Hunt." Washington Post, 24 Mar. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The focus here is on "Roger," "chief of the CIA's Counterterrorism Center for the past six years" and "principal architect of the CIA's drone campaign and the leader of the hunt for Osama bin Laden. In many ways, he has also been the driving force of the Obama administration's embrace of targeted killing as a centerpiece of its counterterrorism efforts.... His defenders don't even try to make him sound likable. Instead, they emphasize his operational talents, encyclopedic understanding of the enemy and tireless work ethic."

Miller, Greg. "White House Approves Broader Yemen Drone Campaign." Washington Post, 25 Apr. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, "[t]he United States has begun launching drone strikes against suspected al-Qaeda operatives in Yemen under new authority approved by President Obama that allows the CIA and the military to fire even when the identity of those who could be killed is not known." The decision will allow the CIA and the U.S. Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) "to fire on targets based solely on their intelligence 'signatures' -- patterns of behavior that are detected through signals intercepts, human sources and aerial surveillance, and that indicate the presence of an important operative or a plot against U.S. interests."

Leiby, Richard, and Karen DeYoung. "U.S. Drone Strikes Resume in Pakistan; Action May Complicate Vital Negotiations." Washington Post, 29 Apr. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 29 April 2012, "CIA drone missiles hit militant targets in Pakistan ... for the first time in a month." The strikes "killed four al-Qaeda-linked fighters in a girls' school they had taken over in the North Waziristan tribal area, security officials there said." In a statement, Pakistan "called the attacks illegal and 'violative of its territorial integrity and sovereignty.'"

Miller, Greg. "Brennan Speech Is First Obama Acknowledgment of Use of Armed Drones." Washington Post, 30 Apr. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In a speech at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington on 30 April 2012, "White House counterterrorism adviser John O. Brennan offered the most extensive outline yet" of the use of targeted drone strikes against terrorism suspects. Brennan "reiterated the case made by administration lawyers over the past year that the drone program is consistent with international and U.S. law. But he went further in describing the process by which the administration makes decisions on whom it will seek to kill."

Miller, Greg, and Karen DeYoung. "Al-Qaeda Airline Bomb Plot Disrupted, U.S. Says." Washington Post, 7 May 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA and overseas intelligence partners disrupted an al-Qaeda plot to blow up civilian aircraft using an advanced explosive device designed by the terrorist network's affiliate in Yemen, U.S. officials said" on 7 May 2012. The "officials said the FBI is examining the device -- modeled on the 'underwear bomb' used in an attempt to bring down a Detroit-bound airliner on Christmas Day 2009 -- to determine whether airport security systems would have detected it." See also, Greg Miller, "CIA Unraveled Bomb Plot from Within," Washington Post, 8 May 2012.

Shane, Scott, and Eric Schmitt. "Rare Double Agent Disrupted Bombing Plot, U.S. Says." New York Times, 8 May 2012.[http://www.nytimes.com]

"The suicide bomber dispatched by the Yemen branch of Al Qaeda last month to blow up a United States-bound airliner was actually an intelligence agent for Saudi Arabia who infiltrated the terrorist group and volunteered for the mission, American and foreign officials said" 8 May 2012.

Baker, Peter. "Obama Acknowledges U.S. Is Fighting Groups Tied to Al Qaeda in Somalia and Yemen." New York Times, 15 Jun. 2012. [http://www.nytimes.com]

In an unclassified letter to Congress, President Obama said U.S. "forces had engaged in 'a limited number' of operations against members of the Shabab in Somalia and Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen... The disclosure formally confirmed what had long been known here and abroad, that the American war on Al Qaeda has spread far from the borders of Afghanistan and Pakistan."

Shane, Scott. "Iranian Dissidents Convince U.S. to Drop Terror Label." New York Times, 21 Sep. 2012. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has decided to remove ... the Mujahedeen Khalq, or People's Mujahedeen, from the State Department's list of designated terrorist organizations." Two officials said the decision "was based in part on the recent cooperation of the group, in completing a move of more than 3,000 of its members from its longtime location in Iraq, Camp Ashraf.... A final convoy of 680 people from Ashraf arrived at the former site of Camp Liberty, near the Baghdad airport," on 16 September 2012.

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