July - December

Materials presented chronologically.

Mazzetti, Mark. "C.I.A. Closes Unit Focused on Capture of bin Laden." New York Times, 4 Jul. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Intelligence officials confirmed on 3 July 2006 that the CIA "has closed a unit that for a decade had the mission of hunting Osama bin Laden and his top lieutenants.... The unit, known as Alec Station, was disbanded late last year and its analysts reassigned within the C.I.A. Counterterrorist Center." CIA officials said that tracking bin Laden and his deputies "remained a high priority, and that the decision to disband the unit ... reflects a belief that the agency can better deal with high-level threats by focusing on regional trends rather than on specific organizations or individuals."

DeYoung, Karen. "A Fight Against Terrorism -- and Disorganization." Washington Post, 9 Aug. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A new strategy for combating terrorism is now on President Bush's desk. "The highly classified National Implementation Plan for the first time set government-wide goals and assigned responsibility for achieving them to specific departments and agencies. Written by officials at the National Counterterrorism Center ... the 160-page plan aspires to achieve what has eluded the Bush administration in the five years since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks: bringing order and direction to the fight against terrorism."

Eggen, Dan, and Dafna Linzer. "Judge Rules Against Wiretaps: NSA Program Called Unconstitutional." Washington Post, 18 Aug. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Judge Anna Diggs Taylor of the U.S. District Court of Eastern Michigan ruled on 17 August 2006 that NSA's "warrantless surveillance program is unconstitutional." Judge Taylor "ordered a halt to the wiretap program..., but both sides in the lawsuit agreed to delay that action until a Sept. 7 hearing.... The eavesdropping program ... allows the NSA to intercept telephone calls and e-mails between the United States and overseas without court approval in cases in which the government suspects one party of having links to terrorism." See also, Adam Liptak and Eric Lichtblau, "U.S. Judge Finds Wiretap Actions Violate the Law," New York Times, 18 Aug. 2006.

Lieven, Anatol, and John C. Hulsman. "Neo-Conservatives, Liberal Hawks, and the War on Terror: Lessons From the Cold War." World Policy Journal 23, no. 3 (Fall 2006): 64-74.

Smith, R. Jeffrey, and Michael Fletcher. "Bush Says Detainees Will Be Tried: He Confirms Existence of CIA Prisons." Washington Post, 7 Sep. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 6 September 2006, President Bush "announced the transfer of the last 14 suspected terrorists held by the CIA at secret foreign prisons to the military detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and said he wants to try them before U.S. military panels under proposed new rules he ... sent to Congress." Dana Priest, "Officials Relieved Secret Is Shared," Washington Post, 7 Sep. 2006, A17, adds that, at the CIA, the president's announcement brought a "feeling of relief" to "the very people carrying out the program."

U.S. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence.

1. Report on Postwar Findings about Iraq's WMD Programs and Links to Terrorism and How they Compare with Prewar Assessments together with Additional Views. Washington, DC: 8 Sep. 2006. Available at: http://intelligence.senate.gov/phaseiiaccuracy.pdf.

2. Report of the Select Committee on Intelligence on the Use by the Intelligence Community of Information Provided by the Iraqi National Congress together with Additional Views. Washington, DC: 8 Sep. 2006. Available at: http://intelligence.senate.gov/phaseiiinc.pdf.

Weisman, Jonathan. "Iraq's Alleged Al-Qaeda Ties Were Disputed Before War: Links Were Cited to Justify U.S. Invasion, Report Says." Washington Post, 9 Sep. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A report released by the SSCI on 8 September 2006 "revealed that U.S. intelligence analysts were strongly disputing the alleged links between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda while senior Bush administration officials were publicly asserting those links to justify invading Iraq." Another report "said exiles from the Iraqi National Congress (INC) tried to influence U.S. policy by providing, through defectors, false information on Iraq's nuclear, chemical and biological weapons capabilities. After skeptical analysts warned that the group had been penetrated by hostile intelligence services, including Iran's, a 2002 White House directive ordered that U.S. funding for the INC be continued." See also, Mark Mazzetti, "C.I.A. Said to Find No Hussein Link to Terror Chief," New York Times, 9 Sep. 2006.

Priest, Dana, and Ann Scott Tyson. "Bin Laden Trail 'Stone Cold': U.S. Steps Up Efforts, But Good Intelligence on Ground Is Lacking." Washington Post, 10 Sep. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. and Pakistani officials, the "U.S. commandos whose job is to capture or kill Osama bin Laden have not received a credible lead in more than two years.... But in the last three months, following a request from President Bush to 'flood the zone,' the CIA has sharply increased the number of intelligence officers and assets devoted to the pursuit of bin Laden. The intelligence officers will team with the ... Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) and with more resources from the National Security Agency and other intelligence agencies."

DeYoung, Karen. "Spy Agencies Say Iraq War Hurting U.S. Terror Fight." Washington Post, 24 Sep. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), entitled "Trends in Global Terrorism: Implications for the United States," says that "[t]he war in Iraq has become a primary recruitment vehicle for violent Islamic extremists, motivating a new generation of potential terrorists around the world whose numbers may be increasing faster than the United States and its allies can reduce the threat." The NIE was completed in April 2006.

Mark Mazzetti, "Spy Agencies Say Iraq War Worsens Terror Threat," New York Times, 24 Sep. 2006, adds that the NIE "was overseen by David B. Low," NIO for transnational threats. It was commissioned in 2004 after Low joined the National Intelligence Council.

Mary Louise Kelly, "White House Releases Portion of Security Report," NPR, 27 Sep. 2006, reports that on 26 September 2006, the White House declassified the "Key Judgments" of the NIE entitled "Trends in Global Terrorism: Implications for the United States."

The declassified "Key Judgments" are available at: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/dni/declass_nie_key_jdgmnts06apr.pdf. A heavily redacted version of the NIE is available at: http://www.governmentattic.org/5docs/NIE-2006-02R.pdf.

Johnston, David. "C.I.A. Tells of Bush's Directive on the Handling of Detainees." New York Times, 15 Nov. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

In a letter sent by CIA Associate General Counsel John L. McPherson to ACLU lawyers on 10 November 2006, the CIA acknowledged "the existence of two classified documents, including a directive signed by President Bush, that have guided the agency's interrogation and detention of terror suspects.... McPherson confirmed the existence of the documents but declined to release them, saying that essentially all of their contents were exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act because release would damage national security and violate attorney-client privilege."

Waterman, Shaun. "State Fusion Centers Will Be Hubs of New Information Sharing Network." United Press International, 24 Nov. 2006. [http://www.upi.com]

According to Ambassador Thomas McNamara, program manager for the Information Sharing Environment (ISE) in the DNI's office, a new plan "will use state police-run intelligence fusion centers as the hubs for a national network of officials from different agencies and levels of government sharing information about terrorism."

Mazzetti, Mark. "Military Role in U.S. Embassies Creates Strains, Report Says." New York Times, 20 Dec. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

A report by the Republican staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee has found that "[t]he expansion of the Pentagon's presence in American embassies is creating frictions and overlapping missions that could undermine efforts to combat Islamic radicalism.... As the Pentagon takes on new roles collecting intelligence, initiating information operations and conducting other 'self-assigned missions,' the report found that some embassies have effectively become command posts, with military personnel in those countries all but supplanting the role of ambassadors in conducting American foreign policy." The report, "Embassies as Command Posts in the Anti-Terror Campaign," dated 15 December 2006, is available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2006_rpt/embassies.html.

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