TERRORISM

2003

Terrorism Threat Integration Center

By Excutive Order on 27 August, 2004, TTIC morphed into the National Counterterrorism Center (NCC) under the authority of the DCI. With the passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, the NCC morphed into the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.

Materials presented chronologically.

Pincus, Walter, and Mike Allen. "Terrorism Agency Planned; Center to Integrate Intelligence, Analysis." Washington Post, 29 Jan. 2003, A12. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 28 January 2003, in his State-of-the-Union address, President George W. Bush announced plans "for a new center to integrate intelligence on terrorism collected at home and abroad.... A senior adminsitration official said the new Terrorism Threat Integration Center will access intelligence gathered by the CIA, Justice Department, Pentagon and Department of Homeland Security and provide 'seamless' analysis of the information.... The new center is expected to take over compilation of the integrated threat matrix -- a day-to-day accounting of potential threats -- given to President Bush and other senior national security officials each morning.... The center will be placed directly under the supervision of [DCI] George J. Tenet, reinforcing Tenet's role as Bush's senior intelligence adviser, officials said."

See also, David Johnston, "C.I.A. Director Will Lead Center to Combine Agencies' Information on Terror Danger," New York Times, 29 Jan. 2003.

Eggen, Dan, and John Mintz. "Agency to Concentrate Intelligence Analysis." Washington Post, 30 Jan. 2003, A9. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

President Bush's decision to create the Terrorist Threat Integration Center "could dramatically remake the way the U.S. government analyzes and responds to terrorist threats, but it is also aimed at heading off even more drastic changes sought by some lawmakers, administration officials and intelligence experts said" on 29 January 2003.

Eggen, Dan. "Bush Aims to Blend Counterterrorism Efforts." Washington Post, 15 Feb. 2003, A16. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In an appearance at FBI headquarters on 14 February 2003, President George W. Bush announced plans "to place FBI and CIA counterterrorism operations under one roof.... Under the plan, the FBI's entire counterterrorism division would be moved into a secure building with the CIA's Counterterrorism Center and a new Terrorist Threat Integration Center.... [T]he FBI would retain control over its counterterrorism division. [DCI] George J. Tenet ... would run both the counterterrorism and threat centers."

Harris, Shane. "CIA Executive Will Head New Terrorist Intelligence Center." GovernmentExecutive.com, 11 Mar. 2003. [http://www.govexec.com]

The White House announced on 11 March 2003 that John Brennan will become director of the Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) when it begins operations on 1 May 2003. Brennan, the current CIA deputy executive director, is a career CIA terrorism analyst with a background in Middle Eastern affairs. The TTIC "fuses the FBI's counterterrorism division with the CIA's counterterrorism center. By placing those units under one roof, the administration intends to create a 'hub' for all terrorist intelligence analysis in the government."

Risen, James. "A Top Intelligence Post Goes to C.I.A. Officer in Spy Case." New York Times, 14 Mar. 2003. [http://www.nytimes.com]

The White House announced on 13 March 2003 that Paul Redmond, former CIA counterintelligence chief, has been named DHS assistant secretary for information analysis. His unit will process and analyze intelligence provided by the Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) and other agencies and will process intelligence collected by agencies within DHS, like the Coast Guard, Border Patrol, and Immigration and Naturalization Service. John Brennan, newly named chief of TTIC, which begins operations on 1 May 2003, "told reporters that he believed his center would be a hub in the government's efforts to integrate terrorist-related information" gathered by the FBI, CIA, DHS, and other agencies.

Eggen, Dan. "Center To Assess Terrorist Threat: New Operation to Be Housed at CIA for Now." Washington Post, 1 May 2003, A10. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) officially begins operation on 1 May 2003. The new center "will start with a skeleton staff of 60 in temporary quarters at CIA headquarters in Langley." It will immediately take responsibility "for compiling the top-secret Daily Threat Matrix, an analysis that forms the backbone for much of the administration's strategy in assessing terrorist attacks.... [M]any lawmakers and intelligence experts are taking a cautious view of the threat center concept, which critics view as a wasteful bureaucracy that will only worsen confusion and communication problems within the intelligence community."

Best, Richard A., Jr. Homeland Security: Intelligence Support. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Updated 23 Feb. 2004. Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RS21283.html.

Legislation establishing theDHS "included provisions for an information analysis element within the new department. It did not transfer to DHS existing government intelligence and law enforcement agencies but envisioned an analytical office utilizing the products of other agencies -- both unevaluated information and finished reports -- to provide warning of terrorist attacks, assessments of vulnerability, and recommendations for remedial actions at federal, state, and local levels, and by the private sector. In January 2003, the Administration announced its intention to establish a new Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) to undertake many of the tasks envisioned for the DHS informational analysis element..., but some Members of Congress argue that TTIC cannot be a substitute for a DHS analytical effort. This report examines different approaches to improving the information analysis function and the sharing of information among federal agencies."

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