Materials presented in chronological order.
Codevilla, Angelo, Irwin Cotler, Alan Dershowitz, and Kenneth Lasson. "Justice and Jonathan Pollard." Washington Post, 2 Jan. 1999, A19.
The authors respond to the Studeman, et. al., Op-Ed piece of 12 December 1998. Their argument is that Pollard is "a victim of a monumental miscarriage of justice.... There is ample evidence that Pollard is being punished for a crime he didn't commit and is being disproportionately punished for the one he did.... The president should correct this longstanding miscarriage of justice."
Clark comment: I cannot help but wonder what sort of mental gymnastics brought the archconservative Codevilla (for example, see his critique of "the CIA's American Liberal culture" in Informing Statecraft: Intelligence for a New Century (1992)) to the defense of a man who sold the secrets of the country to which he morally and legally owed his allegiance to another country. As the Cheshire cat said....
Goss, Porter J. "Don't Release Pollard." Washington Times, 5 Jan. 1999, 15.
The HPSCI chair argues: "Pollard is still an unrepentant criminal, fairly adjudicated by the country he betrayed. It would be a grave mistake to barter our justice system as a sweetener for Mr. Netanyahu who found the Wye Plantation Agreement a bit too sour."
Pincus, Walter. "No Decision Near on Altering Pollard's Sentence, White House Says." Washington Post, 10 Jan. 1999, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Weiner, Tim. "U.S. Now Tells of Much Deeper Damage by Pollard." New York Times, 11 Jan. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
U.S. military and intelligence officials say Pollard did more damage to national security than the public has been told. An article in The New Yorker on 11 January 1999, written by investigative reporter Seymour Hersh, "cites those officials as saying that Pollard, who was arrested in 1985 and is now serving a life sentence, gave Israel invaluable American intelligence secrets in exchange for payments of $50,000 and promises of $540,000 more."
Risen, James. "Keep Pollard Locked Up, Clinton Aides Recommend." New York Times, 12 Jan. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Administration officials say that President Clinton's key national security advisers have recommended denying clemency to Jonathan Pollard. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright says "there is no compelling foreign policy reason to release Pollard." DCI George Tenet has urged that Pollard remain in federal prison. Secretary of Defense William Cohen "made the same recommendation.... Attorney General Janet Reno ... has not yet responded.... But the [FBI] has urged her to ask the president not to free Pollard." See also, Walter Pincus, "Albright Finds No Major Foreign Policy Gain in Offering Clemency to Pollard," Washington Post, 12 Jan. 1999, A2.
Beinart, Peter. "The Odd Logic of a Spy's Defenders." New York Times, 16 Jan. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"It is not surprising that [Pollard] should try to rally American Jews to his aid -- criminals often play the ethnic card when it is all they have left."
Duffy, Brian, and David Makovsky. "The Spy Who Is Still Stuck in the Cold." U.S. News & World Report, 18 Jan. 1999, 22.
President Clinton's "top national-security advisers are all still dead set against" the release of Jonathan Pollard.
Kuttler, Hillel. "Goverment Puts Official Visits to Pollard on Hold." Jerusalem Post, 19 Jan. 1999. [http://www.jpost.com]
"Visits by Israeli government officials to imprisoned spy Jonathan Pollard have been put on hold while the campaign proceeds to attain his release, Israeli Embassy officials said at the beginning of the week. The officials did not say that the decision is an explicit one decided on by either Pollard or the Israeli government."
Jonkers, Roy K. [COL/USAF (Ret.)] "Pollard (ad nauseam)." AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes, 20 Jan. 1999. [http://www.his.com/afio]
Text of letter from AFIO President E. Peter Earnest to President Clinton. The AFIO position paper states, inter alia: "The Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO) believes that Jonathan Pollard's prison sentence is justified and should stand. Pollard was correctly brought to justice and appropriately sentenced for stealing vast quantities of highly classified national security information and selling them to a foreign power."
Tsur, Batsheva. "Source: PM Asked Clinton to Postpone Pollard Decision." Jerusalem Post, 20 Jan. 1999. [http://www.jpost.com]
Aviv Bushinsky, spokesman for Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, on 19 January 1999 "denied that the prime minister had requested" President Clinton to defer a decision on freeing Jonathan Pollard until after the U.S. impeachment proceedings are completed.
Tsur, Batsheva. "US Denies Pollard's Attorney His File." Jerusalem Post, 22 Jan. 1999. [http://www.jpost.com]
"Writing on behalf of Attorney-General Janet Reno, legal counsel Craig Iscoe told Jerusalem lawyer Larry Dub that the Justice Department does not give out copies of recommendations it makes to the US president. The reference was to Reno's recent appraisal of the Pollard case presented to President Bill Clinton for review."
Washington Post. "[Editorial:] The Facts of the Pollard Case." 25 Jan. 1999, A20. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"We always have thought of Jonathan Pollard, and still do, as a contemptible and duplicitous mercenary whose misdeeds were reckless and threatening to American security, his motives uninteresting and immaterial and his word unreliable.... [Nevertheless, the] review of the Pollard sentence is inhibited by secrecy.... [T]he uncomfortable fact remains that [Pollard] has not been able to test in court the official assertions that put him away.... The requirement here is not for relief for a loathsome and guilty spy but for some degree of greater openness for the American people."
Hunt, Terence. "Barak Urges U.S. To Release Pollard." Associated Press, 19 Jul. 1999. [http://www.infobeat.com]
"Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak urged President Clinton to release convicted spy Jonathan Pollard but did not get a response to his plea, a top White House official said" on 19 July 1999.
Babington, Charles. "Group Uses First Lady's Candidacy to Seek Spy's Release." Washington Post, 1 Sep. 1999, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
A pro-Israeli group in New York "is pressing Hillary Rodham Clinton to lobby her husband" on behalf of convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
Washington Times. "Pollard Presses Court To Seek His Release." 8 Sep. 1999, 14.
According to his attorney, Jonathan Pollard "appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court" on 7 September 1999 "to press for his release."
Harris, John F. "Barak Emissary Meets Clinton Aide to Lobby for Spy's Pardon, Release." Washington Post, 20 Dec. 1999, A12. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to U.S. officials, "Moshe Kochnovsky, a senior official in the Israeli Defense Ministry, met with White House counsel Beth Nolan to make the latest case in a long- standing Israeli appeal that Pollard be freed from prison and allowed to emigrate."
New York Times. "Delegation of Democrats Visits Spy in Prison." 30 Dec. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver, who supports clemency for Jonathan Jay Pollard, led a delegation of [New York] state legislators to a federal prison" in Raleigh, NC, to see Pollard on 29 December 1999. "The visit came a day after another prominent New York Democrat, Alan G. Hevesi, the city comptroller, visited" Pollard.
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