SPY CASES - UNITED STATES

China Spies in 2008

Materials presented chronologically.

Frieden, Terry. "Feds: U.S. Defense Analyst Leaked Secrets to China." CNN, 11 Feb. 2008. [http://www.cnn.com]

Gregg William Bergersen, a weapons systems policy analyst at the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, "has been arrested and charged with espionage." He is "accused of passing American military secrets to the Chinese government." In addition, "two Chinese immigrants -- Tai Shen Kuo, 58, and Yu Xin Kang, 33 ... -- were charged with conspiracy to disclose national defense information to a foreign government."

In a separate case, "Dongfan 'Greg' Chung, 72, a Chinese native who is a naturalized U.S. citizen [and] had been an employee of Rockwell International [and Boeing] for more than 30 years" was arrested in Orange County, California, and charged with "economic espionage and acting as an agent of China."

Gertz, Bill. "4 Arrests in China Spy Cases." Washington Times, 12 Feb. 2008. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]

According to senior U.S. officials, arrests in "two separate spy cases highlight the national security threat posed by Beijing's aggressive intelligence gathering of secrets and technology.... The arrests were carried out in Virginia, Louisiana and Southern California, and the secrets compromised include military communications technology, arms sales and corporate trade secrets related to the space shuttle, according to court papers." See also, Neil A. Lewis, "Justice Dept. Announces Arrests in 2 Chinese Espionage Cases." New York Times, 12 Feb. 2008.

Mikkelsen, Randall. "U.S. Defense Analyst Guilty in China Spy Case." Reuters, 1 Apr. 2008. [http://abcnews.go.com]

The Justice Department said on 31 March 2008 that "Gregg William Bergersen pleaded guilty at federal district court in Alexandria, Virginia, to conspiracy to disclose national defense information to unauthorized persons." According to court documents, "[m]uch of the information pertained to U.S. military sales to China's arch rival, Taiwan, and communications security issues.... Bergersen admitted in court papers that he gave national defense information" to Tai Shen Kuo, also arrested in February 2008.

"Charges of spying are still pending against Kuo, a U.S. citizen born in Taiwan, and [Yu Xin] Kang, a Chinese citizen accused of acting as an intermediary between Kuo and a Chinese official. Both have pleaded not guilty."

Lewis, Neil A. "Spy Cases Raise Concern on China's Intentions." New York Times, 10 Jul. 2008. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Navy veteran Gregg W. Bergersen, Taiwan-born New Orleans entrepreneur Tai Shen Kuo, and Chinese intelligence officer Yu Xin Kang "are awaiting sentencing in a federal court for their involvement in ... the illegal transfer of information to China.... According to court papers and interviews, Mr. Kuo and his Chinese handlers ran what intelligence professionals call a 'false flag' operation on Mr. Bergersen ... making him believe that the information he was providing was going to Taiwan, an American ally, not Beijing." Nonetheless, FBI surveillance tapes "showed that Mr. Bergersen understood he was engaged in a serious crime."

Barakat, Matthew. "Former Pentagon Analyst Gets Almost 5 years in Prison for Passing Taiwan Secrets to Chinese." Associated Press, 11 Jul. 2008. [http://www.ap.org]

On 11 July 2008, Gregg W. Bergersen was sentenced in U.S. District Court to 57 months "in prison for giving secret information about U.S.-Taiwan military relations" to a New Orleans furniture salesman who was also a Chinese spy.

Associated Press. "Chinese National Sentenced for Aiding Spy." 1 Aug. 2008. [http://www.ap.org]

On 1 August 2008, Chinese national Yu Xin Kang, who had been living in New Orleans with furniture salesman and Chinese spy Tai Shen Kuo, was sentenced in U.S. District Court to 18 months in prison. "Kang at times served as an intermediary for Kuo in helping him get secret information about U.S.-Taiwanese military relations to the Communist government in Beijing."

Jackman, Tom. "Man Sentenced in Spy Case." Washington Post, 9 Aug. 2008, B3. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Tai Shen Kuo "was sentenced [on 8 August 2008] to more than 15 years in prison by a federal judge in Alexandria."

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "The PRC's Compromise of U.S. Government Information and Technologies." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 4 (Winter 2009): 652-666.

The author looks at three cases: The Mak family; Bergersen, and Roth/Sherman. He also explores the difficulties of trying to catch Chinese spies.

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