Haggman, Bertil. "Soviet Russian Active Measures in Scandinavia." Ukrainian Review 34, no. 3 (1986): 69-75. [Calder]
Hajek, Lester. "Target: CIA." Studies in Intelligence 6, no. 1 (Winter 1962): 29-55.
The author discusses the long life of the so-called Hohenlohe papers as anti-CIA psychological warfare. He specifically refers to three works -- Robert Edwards and Kenneth Dunne, A Study of a Master Spy, Allen Dulles (London: Housemans, 1961); Robert E. Light and Carl B. Marzani, Cuba vs. the CIA (London: Marzani and Munsell, 1961); and Fred J. Cook, "The CIA," Nation, 24 Jun. 1961 -- as "deliberate components of the Soviet psywar campaign" rooted in the falsifications of the Hohenlohe papers.
Hazan, Baruch A.
1. Olympic Sports and Propaganda Games: Moscow 1980. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1982.
2. Soviet Impregnational Propaganda. Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis, 1982.
3. Soviet Propaganda: A Case Study of the Middle East Conflict. New York: Wiley, 1976.
Heuer, Richards J., Jr. "Strategic Deception and Counterdeception: A Cognitive Process Approach." International Studies Quarterly 25, no. 2 (Jun. 1981).
1. "The Power of Disinformation: The Lie that Linked CIA to the Kennedy Assassination." Studies in Intelligence 11 (Fall-Winter 2001): 5-17.
In a sad-but-true story, the author details how a "successful deception" by the Rome daily Paese Sera "turns out to be a major reason why many Americans believe, to this day, that the CIA was involved in the assassination of President Kennedy." The linkage between Jim Garrison's investigation and the paper's piece of disinformation is summed up this way: "The epicenter of Garrison's prosecution, and the wellspring for his ultimate theory of the assassination, was the DA's belief in a fantasy published by a Communist-owned Italian newspaper."
2. "The Propagation and Power of Communist Security Services Dezinformatsiya." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 1 (Spring 2006): 1-31.
The author surveys the KGB's use of disinformation against the United States. He sees the allegation that U.S. forces used CBW weapons in the Korean war as "one of the most effective disinformation efforts ... in the Cold War's first decade.... One of the most singular and persistent efforts at disinformation revolved around the spate of assassinations [particular that of President Kennedy] that occurred inside the United States in the 1960s."
Kaznacheev, Aleksandr I. Inside a Soviet Embassy: Experiences of a Russian Diplomat in Burma. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1962. London: Robert Hale, 1963.
Pforzheimer notes that the author took asylum in the United States in 1959, and calls this book "a rare look into the operation of intelligence in a Soviet Embassy." For Constantinides, the book is "valuable" and "interesting" for its "first-hand account of Soviet disinformation and covert psychological warfare operations.... This book should be on any list of works on Soviet deception." Caslon, Studies 7.3 (Summer 1963), finds that this work "provides a fairly accurate and realistic assessment of the then current Soviet situation in Rangoon, by an unusually gifted observer." It is "a fascinating and informative report."
Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr., and Howland H. Sargeant. Soviet Political Warfare Techniques: Espionage and Propaganda in the 1970s. New York: National Strategy Information Center, 1972.
Constantinides points out that this work is actually two separate, brief essays, Kirkpatrick's on espionage and Sargeant's on Soviet overt propaganda. Kirkpatrick's presentation is a broad overview but does put the subject into "proper perspective." Sargeant discusses the role of propaganda as an offensive weapon.
Koch, Stephen. Double Lives: Spies and Writers in the Secret Soviet War of Ideas Against the West. New York: Free Press, 1993. Double Lives: Stalin, Willi Münzenberg and the Seduction of the Intellectuals. London: HarperCollins, 1994. Rev. ed. New York: Enigma Books, 2004.
According to Surveillant 2.5, this is the story of the "Soviet secret apparatus that successfully manipulated" Hemingway, Hellman, Dos Passos, Brecht, and others "to work on a propaganda campaign on behalf of the Comintern. One man masterminded the effort -- the German communist publisher Willi Munzenberg." Aldrich, I&NS 11.3, says that Koch "demonstrates effectively the direct Soviet manipulation of ... many important figures in the 1930s." See also, Sean McMeekin, The Red Millionaire: A Political Biography of Willi Münzenberg, Moscow's Secret Propaganda Tsar in the West (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004).
Kruglak, Theodore E. The Two Faces of TASS. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1962.
Wilcox: "Critical study of TASS, the Soviet news & propaganda machine."
Lendvai, Paul. The Bureaucracy of Truth: How Communist Governments Manage the News. London: Burnett, 1981. [Cummings]
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