RUSSIA

The Cold War Years

1945 - 1989

A - C

Alexander, Edward. The Serpent and the Bees: A KGB Chronicle. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1990.

An advertisement identifies Alexander as 30-year veteran of the State Department and Foreign Service. The book focuses on the KGB's interest over time in an individual of Armenian heritage. Chambers says that the book is "[i]nteresting for the persistence the Soviets showed in hammering at a potential source of great value."

Amalrik, Andrei A.

1. "Arrest on Suspicion of Courage: Detention by the KGB." Harper's 253 (Aug. 1976): 37-44 ff. [Petersen]

2. Involuntary Journey to Siberia. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1970. [Petersen]

American Bar Association. Standing Committee on Law and National Security. "The Daniloff Affair: New Rules for American Correspondents?" Intelligence Report 8, no. 10 (1986): 7-8. [Petersen]

American Bar Association. Standing Committee on Law and National Security. "Soviet Utilization of UN for Political and Espionage Purposes." Intelligence Report 7, no. 9 (1985): 4-5. [Petersen]

Andrew, Christopher. "KGB Foreign Intelligence from Brezhnev to the Coup." Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 3 (Jul. 1993): 52-67.

Even in the most successful periods of its operations, the quality of the KGB's "analysis did not equal that of its intelligence collection.... FCD reports suffered from a general tendency to tell the Party apparat what it wanted to hear." In addition, the FCD leadership had a "traditional predilection for conspiracy theory.... Paranoia ... is one of the oldest KGB traditions."

Andrew, Christopher, and Julie Elkner. "Stalin and Foreign Intelligence." In Redefining Stalinism, ed. Harold Shukman, 84-89. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

Andrew, Christopher, and Oleg Gordievsky.

1. Instructions from The Centre: Top Secret Files from the KGB's Foreign Operations, 1975-85. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1991.

To Surveillant 2.2, this book is a "treasure-trove of original documents on KGB policies, plans, and techniques for the decade prior to Glasnost." Chambers agrees, commenting that the material is "worth reading," with "many insights into the KGB mindset. However, directive style is high bureaucratese."

2. Comrade Kryuchkov's Instructions: Top Secret Files on KGB Foreign Operations, 1975-1985. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994. 1994. [pb]

Surveillant 3.4/5 says this is an updated edition of Andrew and Gordievskiy's Instructions from the Centre (1991). For Choice, Nov. 1994, Comrade Kryuchkov's Instructions is "an intriguing and useful documentary of Brezhnev-era KGB policies and activities.... [T]he editors have created a rather unique, firsthand account of the KGB's ends and means told via secret instructions and reports.... Brief commentaries weave together this treasure trove of documents.... This is an important sourcebook, but is no substitute for ... analytical efforts."

Andrew, Christopher, and Oleg Gordievsky, eds.

1. "Special Issue on More 'Instructions from The Centre': Top Secret Files on KGB Global Operations, 1975-1985." Intelligence and National Security 7, no. 1 (Jan. 1992): entire issue.

This is a "selection of the highly classified documents copied or photocopied by Oleg Gordievsky while serving as a PR line (political intelligence) officer in Copenhagen and London.... The commentary has been written by Christopher Andrew, based on joint analysis of the documents with Oleg Gordievsky." (Foreword)

2. More "Instructions from The Centre": Top Secret Files on KGB Global Operations, 1975-1985. London: Frank Cass, 1992.

This book was first published as a special issue of the journal Intelligence and National Security, vol 7, no. 1 (Jan. 1992) (see above).

Arnold, Anthony. The Fateful Pebble. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1993.

Surveillant 3.2/3: "Excellent chapter on KGB in Afghanistan."

Bagley, Tennent H. Spymaster: Startling Cold War Revelations of a Soviet KGB Chief. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2013.

Peake, Studies 58.1 (Mar. 2014), and Intelligencer 20.3 (Spring-Summer), finds that this work is both "a biography of retired KGB general Sergei Kondrashev and a memoir of former CIA officer and author Tennent 'Pete' Bagley." Although not everyone will agree that Bagley has gotten it right, "Spymaster actually provides some new material on Cold War espionage about which many books have been written. It has raised the bar, but not ended the debate."

As Fischer, IJI&C 27.4 (Winter 2014), notes, Bagley's last book (he died in February 2014) will continue to fuel the fire around the defection of Yuri Nosenko. In Spymaster, Bagley reveals that "the primary source for Spy Wars was Sergey A. Kondrashev" who "is the spymaster" of this book's title. "Kondrashev's version of Penkovsky's unmasking will ... perhaps cause some to reject it as unbelievable." Neverheless, "[e]nough detail can be found in Spymaster to warrant a second look at the CIA-KGB spy wars and perhaps revise some of the conventional interpretations of Cold War intelligence."

Bagley, Tennent H. "Treason in the KGB: New Facts from Inside." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 5, no. 1 (Spring 1991): 63-75.

Barron, John. MIG Pilot: The Final Escape of Lieutenant Belenko. New York: Reader's Digest Press, 1980. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980. New York: Avon Books, 1981. [pb]

Clark comment: Belenko defected with his MIG-25 Foxbat in September 1976. Although the defection itself was not an "intelligence event," what was learned from the aircraft and from Belenko touches on intelligence-related issues and was of intelligence value. Pforzheimer notes that Barron's book includes a discussion of Belenko's "debriefing and resettlement ... [which is] more fascinating than the rather routine drama of the escape." Constantinides thought the account valuable because it focused "attention on Western intelligence errors connected with this Soviet weapons system."

Bekrenev, L. K. "Operational Contacts." Studies in Intelligence 9, no. 1 (Winter 1965): 63-80.

Soviet doctrine on holding meetings with agents. "Adapted from a Top Secret paper issued by the Soviet Military-Diplomatic Academy in 1960." (p. 63/fn.1)

Bereanu, Vladimir Bernard, and Kalin Stankov Todorov. The Umbrella Murder. Bury St. Edmonds, Suffolk, UK: TEL, 1994.

Surveillant 4.1: The subject is the assassination of Georgi Markov, a Bulgarian journalist, in London in 1978.

Beschloss, Michael R. The Crisis Years: Kennedy and Khrushchev, 1960-1963. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.

Surveillant 1.6 notes that Beschloss focuses primarily on "the 1961 summit conference on Berlin and the Cuban missile crisis in 1962." This work "provides a fine account of the behind-the-scenes maneuvers," contains "superb portraits of KGB agents and heads of state," and is "splendidly written. This is one not to miss."

Biddiscombe, Perry. "The Problem with Glass Houses: The Soviet Recruitment and Deployment of SS Men as Spies and Saboteurs." Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 3 (Autumn 2000): 131-145.

The Soviets apparently started the practice of using Nazis and SS men "while the war was still underway." (emphasis in original) The author looks at what is known about a Soviet enterprise code-named "Theo."

Bohlen, Charles E. Witness to History, 1929-1969. New York: Norton, 1973.

Bohlen was U.S. Ambassador to Moscow from 1953 to 1957. Although it is certainly not the focus of his discussion of his time in the USSR, the author provides some coverage of intelligence-related matters.

Bukovsky, Vladimir. "The Peace Movement and the Soviet Union." Commentary 73, no. 5 (1982): 1-36. [Petersen]

Burkhalter, E.A., Jr. "Soviet Industrial Espionage." Signal 37, no. 7 (1983): 15-20. [Petersen]

Cold War International History Project. "New Evidence on Soviet Intelligence: The KGB's 1967 Annual Report. With Commentaries by Raymond Garthoff and Amy Knight." Cold War International History Project Bulletin 10 (Mar. 1998): 211-219.

1. Document, dated 6 May 1968, from Committee of State Security [KGB] of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, translated by Vladislav Zubok, pp. 211-217.

2. Raymond L. Garthoff, "Andropov's Report to Brezhnev on the KGB in 1967," pp. 217-218.

3. Amy Knight, "Annual Report of the KGB to Leonid Brezhnev on Its Operations for 1967," pp. 218-219.

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