RUSSIA

2008 - 2009

Materials arranged chronologically.

Finn, Peter. "Dual U.S.-Russia Citizens Face Spy Charges: Secrets Sought From Energy Firm, FSB Alleges; Tie to British Council Cited." Washington Post, 21 Mar. 2008, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), "Ilya Zaslavsky, who worked for a Russian venture of the British oil giant BP, and his brother Alexander were arrested" 12 March 2008. The two brothers, who hold dual U.S.-Russian citizenship, "have been charged with industrial espionage after they allegedly attempted to obtain classified information for foreign energy companies."

Moscow Times. "Accused German Linked to Spy Flap." 17 Apr. 2008. [http://www.moscowtimes.ru]

A German man identified only as Werner G., "charged with selling sensitive technology information to Russia[,] is a key figure in a mysterious spy case involving a former Federal Space Agency official that jarred Russian-Austrian relations last year.... [I]nterviews with officials familiar with the case made it clear that the Russian intelligence officer referred to by German prosecutors is ... Vladimir Vozhzhov, who was arrested on spy charges in Austria last year and released after it turned out he had diplomatic immunity."

Borger, Julian. "British Trade Official Accused of Espionage by Russians." Guardian, 11 Jul. 2008, 12. [http://www.guardian.co.uk]

The Foreign Office confirmed on 10 July 2008 that "the Russians suspected a senior diplomat in the British embassy's trade section of espionage. Local media in Moscow named him as Chris Bowers.... The accusation came just hours after Russia's ambassador in Britain, Yuri Fedotov, responded angrily to a string of reports quoting unnamed British security officials emphasising the security threat posed by Russian spies in Britain."

Lefebvre, Stéphane, and Roger N. McDermott. "Intelligence Aspects of the 2008 Conflict Between Russia and Georgia." Journal of Slavic Military Studies 22, no. 1, (2009): 4-19.

"Georgia's underestimation of the strength and overall military capabilities of the Russian armed forces as well as the planning and force of the Russian response, lack of Western intervention, even what has been referred to Saakashvili's 'gamble' in the Georgian attack on Tskhinvali, may all reflect in some measure the failures and systemic weakness of Georgian intelligence. These factors will prove important in any remedying undertaken by the government in Tbilisi, and will need to be understood by [NATO] as it considers how best to assist in efforts to enhance the security capabilities of post-conflict Georgia."

Goble, Paul. "The War Behind the War: Russian and Georgian Intelligence Agencies Join Battle." Intelligencer 17, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2009): 7-9.

"Before, during and after the five-day war in Caucasus, the intelligence agencies of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Georgia played significant roles in the decisions and actions of their respective governments."

Saralayeva, Leila. "Russian TV Accuses US of Spying on Russia, China." Associated Press, 6 Apr. 2009. [http://www.ap.com]

A film aired on the Rossiya TV channel on 5 April 2009 "accused the U.S. of using an air base in Kyrgyzstan to spy on Russia and China -- an allegation a spokesman for the base flatly denied" on 6 April 2009. The film also shows "a building it said was used for electronic surveillance" and "shows a woman identified as Vicki Lynn Rundquist, whom it says is first secretary of the political division at the U.S. Embassy in Kyrgyzstan and an undercover CIA agent."

Solovyov, Dmitry. "Russia's Medvedev Sacks Military Spy Chief." Reuters, 24 Apr. 2009. [http://ca.reuters.com]

On 24 April 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev fired GRU head Gen. Valentin Korabelnikov. The move "underscores strained ties with some of the military top brass over a Kremlin-backed reform of the armed forces." Korabelnikov will be replaced by his deputy, Alexander Shlyakhturov.

Barber, Tony. "Russians Expelled in NATO Spy Storm." Financial Times, 30 Apr. 2009. [http://www.ft.com]

On 29 April 2009, NATO "ordered the expulsion of two Russian diplomats ... in retaliation for a spy scandal in which a senior Estonian official was jailed for passing top-level secrets about the western alliance to Moscow." According to alliance sources, the two expelled diplomats "were attached to Russia's mission to NATO and are said to have worked undercover as intelligence agents.... The Estonian official, Herman Simm, was convicted of treason in February by an Estonian court and jailed for 12 years for passing NATO and other defence and diplomatic secrets to Russia."

Sweeney, Conor. "Russia Expels Two Czech Diplomats in Spy Row." Reuters, 18 Aug. 2009. [http://www.reuters.com]

Interfax news agency reported on 18 August 2009 that "Russia has ordered two Czech diplomats out of Russia.... The expulsion follows Czech media reports on [17 August 2009] that two Russians had been ordered out of Prague, including a deputy military attache."

RIA Novosti. "Russian Army Officer Gets 6 Years in Jail for Spying for Georgia." 28 Aug. 2009. [http://en.rian.ru]

On 28 August 2009, a Russian military court sentenced Lt. Col. Mikhail Khachidze, a deputy unit commander in the North Caucasus Military District, to "six years in prison for high treason and espionage and stripped him of his rank." Khachidze was arrested in August 2008; an investigation showed that he "was recruited by Georgian military intelligence in October 2007 and had been passing them military secrets."

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. "North Ossetian Court Sentences Georgian on Spy Charges." 14 Sep. 2009. [http://www.rferl.org]

The Supreme Court in the Russian republic of North Ossetia has sentenced Aleksandr Khachirov to seven years in jail for being a Georgian spy. Khachirov was charged "with disclosing information about the location of Russian military forces within North Ossetia and the breakaway Georgian region of South Ossetia."

Tass. "Russian Officer Convicted for Espionage in Favour of Georgia." 16 Oct. 2009. [http://www.itar-tass.com]

On 16 October 2009, the North Caucasian district court martial sentenced Sergeant Major Dzhemal Nakaidze "to nine years of imprisonment in a maximum-security penal colony for espionage in favour of Georgia.... The investigators established that Nakaidze's spying had lasted from July 9 to November 25, 2008."

Tkachenko, Maxim. "Official: KGB Chief Ordered Hitler's Remains Destroyed." CNN, 11 Dec. 2009. [http://www.cnn.com]

The head archivist of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), Gen. Vasily Khristoforov, told Interfax in an interview published on 7 December 2009 that the remains of Adolf Hitler, his wife Eva Braun, Nazi Germany's propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels; and Goebbels' entire family "were burned in 1970 by Soviet KGB agents and thrown into a river in Germany on direct orders" from "KGB chief Yuri Andropov, with prior consent from the Soviet Communist Party leadership."

RIA Novosti. "Over 100 Spies Uncovered in Russia's Novosibirsk Region in 2009." 18 Dec. 2009. [http://en.rian.ru]

"Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) identified more than 100 foreign agents operating in the Novosibirsk Region in 2009, the regional department said on [18 December 2009]. The southwestern Siberian region's research institutions and technical enterprises are the focus of foreign special services' interest.

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