INTELLIGENCE REFORM

2008 - 2009

Devine, Jack. "An Intelligence Reform Reality Check." Washington Post, 18 Feb. 2008, A17. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The former acting DDO finds little to like in the intelligence reform of 2004. "It has been three years since the intelligence community was reorganized with passage of the [IRTPA] in December 2004, and the results are not encouraging. In fact, the leadership issue has become even more muddled.... [T]he 'reform' legislation that grew out of Sept. 11 ... needs to be fully reassessed -- and soon....

"The legislation simply didn't give the DNI the budgetary muscle needed to lead the intelligence community, and it created a troublesome confusion here and abroad regarding precisely who is in charge. Today, the DNI has become what intelligence professionals feared it would: an unnecessary bureaucratic contraption with an amazingly large staff."

Gentry, John A. "Intelligence Failure Reframed." Political Science Quarterly 123, no. 2 (Summer 2008): 247-270.

http://www.psqonline.org: The author "discusses the nature of U.S. intelligence 'failures.' He argues that excessive expectations for the performance of intelligence agencies mean that many charges of intelligence failure are misplaced and many reform proposals are misdirected. He concludes that policymakers and policy-implementing agencies often cause intelligence-related failures."

Hulnick, Arthur S. "Intelligence Reform 2008: Where to from Here?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 21, no. 4 (Winter 2008-2009): 621-634.

Hulnick is vivid and mostly on the mark with his analysis of where intelligence is and where it should be going. It is particularly interesting to this reader that he has left the ranks of those supporting the inclusion of collectors and analysis under the same organizational roof. He states: "Given the Agency's reluctance to meld operations and analysis, I have to agree that perhaps ... a separate analytic agency might be a good alternative."

Ignatius, David. "Repairing America's Spy Shop." Washington Post, 6 Apr. 2008, B7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA today is ... caught in a reorganization of intelligence that has brought more confusion than clarity, added more bureaucracy than efficiency and increased the bloat of the intelligence community.... It's too late, unfortunately, to undo the reorganization that created the DNI. So let those three initials cloak a new, elite corps of analysts drawn from the CIA cadre; let's give the science and technology division to the DNI, too.... Meanwhile, let's float the clandestine service free from its ... CIA anchor and let it find a new home -- somewhere distant from Langley, where the old ghosts and myths are far away."

Johnson, Loch K. "The Case of the Missing Spymaster." The Forum 7, no. 4 (2009). [http://www.bepress.com/forum/vol7/iss4/art4]

From "Abstract": "From the early to the most recent efforts to improve U.S. security intelligence, reformers have tried to overcome the pronounced centrifugal forces that have plagued the integration and coherent management of the nation's secret agencies. This article explores why these reforms have consistently failed."

Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age. Nation At Risk: Policy Makers Need Better Information to Protect the Country. Mar. 2009. [http://www.markle.org]

From "Executive Summary": "[W]e remain vulnerable to terrorist attack and emerging national security threats because we have not adequately improved our ability to know what we know about these threats.... To improve decision making, the new administration needs to take immediate steps to improve information sharing.... At the same time, civil liberties are at risk because we don't have the government-wide policies in place to protect them as intelligence collection has expanded."

Siobhan Gorman, "Group Finds Intelligence Gap Persists," Wall Street Journal, 10 Mar. 2009, quotes outgoing DNI Mike McConnell as saying that "the group's advice is similar to what he told his successor, Dennis Blair. 'It was my recommendation that he make [intelligence sharing] one of his top priorities,' said Mr. McConnell, who praised the task force's efforts to focus attention on the issue."

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