Material from the 1990s

H - K


Haass, Richard N. "Don't Hobble Intelligence Gathering." Washington Post, 15 Feb. 1996, A27.

Hamit, Francis. "Intelligence 'Reform' Ignores Complexity of Modern Threats." Defense News, 29 Apr.-5 May 1996, 23.

Hedley, John Hollister.

1. Checklist for the Future of Intelligence. Occasional Paper. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University, 1995.

2. "A Colloquium -- The Intelligence Community: Is It Broken? How to Fix It?" Studies in Intelligence 39, no. 5 (1996): 11-18.

Holderness, Mike. "Hackers Come in from the Cold." New Scientist 140 (20 Nov. 1993): 22-23.

Ignatius, David. "Openness Is the Secret to Democracy." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 30 Sep.-6 Oct. 1991, 24-25.

Johnson, Loch K.

1. "Analysis for a New Age." Intelligence and National Security 11, no. 4 (Oct. 1996): 657-671.

Working from his base on the staff of the Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the U.S. Intelligence Community (the "Aspin-Brown Commission"), Johnson reviews the state of U.S. intelligence analysis and offers his thoughts on how it might be made better. He argues that intelligence analysis must be "consumer-driven"; that is, analysts "must design the intelligence product to suit the informational -- though certainly not the political -- needs of the consumer." He also urges more attention to "marketing" of its product on the part of the Intelligence Community.

2. "The CIA and the Question of Accountability." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 178-200.

Johnson is arguably the foremost academic writer on the subject of intelligence accountability. His views, however, have been irreducibly influenced by his service on the Church Committee staff. While this gives his work a sameness of tone and viewpoint, it does not diminish the value of his thoughts. His basic argument here is that the investigations of 1975 and the reforms that flowed from them have made the CIA "a part of the government's usual checks and balances," that the resulting increase in accountability is a good thing, and that Congress remains a necessary -- and clearly, constitutionally mandated -- part of maintaining democratic oversight of intelligence activities.

Kehoe, Mark T. "Senate Armed Services Offers Own Agency Revamp Plan." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, Jun. 1996, 1609.

Kerr, Sheila. "The Debate on US Post-Cold War Intelligence: One More New Botched Beginning?" Defense Analysis 10, no. 3 (Dec. 1994): 323-350.

Kitfield, James. "National Security: A Dramatic Makeover." National Journal, 16 Nov. 1996, 2480-2482.

Kohler, Robert. The Intelligence Industrial Base: Doomed to Extinction? Working Group on Intelligence Reform Series. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1994. "Adapted" version. American Intelligence Journal 15, no. 2 (Autumn-Winter 1994): 85-91.

Kutner, Joshua A. "Report Says Intelligence Collection Needs Drastic Overhaul." National Defense, Jan. 1998, 8.

The National Institute for Public Policy has published a report, "Moderning Intelligence: Structure and Change of the 21st Century," written by William E. Odom [LTGEN/USA (Ret.)]. He recommends organizing the intelligence community by discipline -- imagery intelligence, signals intelligence, and human intelligence -- and for placing the National Reconnaissance Office under the National Security Agency and the National Imagery and Mapping Agency.

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