INTELLIGENCE REFORM

1990s

Commission on Roles and Capabilities of the U.S. Intelligence Community

[From Commission's homepage (http://www.access.gpo.gov/int), 4 March 1996.]

About the Commission and its Report

The Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (P.L. 103-359) created the Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the United States Intelligence Community. This bipartisan panel was charged with reviewing "the efficacy and appropriateness" of U.S. intelligence activities in the "post-cold war global environment" and with submitting a report of its findings and recommendations to the President and the Congress. The Commission's report, "Preparing for the 21st Century: An Appraisal of U.S. Intelligence," was released on March 1, 1996. It addresses such issues as the size and secrecy of the intelligence budget; the organization of U.S. Intelligence Community; management of the CIA; covert action; economic intelligence; intelligence support to policy makers and military operations; space reconnaissance; "right-sizing" intelligence agencies; and oversight of intelligence.

The Report

PREPARING FOR THE 21ST CENTURY:

AN APPRAISAL OF U.S. INTELLIGENCE

March 1, 1996

Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface

Executive Summary

Introduction

Chapter 1. The Need to Maintain an Intelligence Capability

Chapter 2. The Role of Intelligence

Chapter 3. The Need For Policy Guidance

Chapter 4. The Need for a Coordinated Response to Global Crime

Chapter 5. The Organizational Arrangements for the Intelligence Community

Chapter 6. The Central Intelligence Agency

Chapter 7. The Need for an Effective Budget Structure and Process

Chapter 8. Improving Intelligence Analysis

Chapter 9. The Need to "Right-Size" and Rebuild the Community

Chapter 10. Military Intelligence

Chapter 11. Space Reconnaissance and the Management of Technical Collection

Chapter 12. International Cooperation

Chapter 13. The Cost of Intelligence

Chapter 14. Accountability and Oversight

Epilogue

Additional Views of Senator John Warner

Acknowledgments

Appendices

Appendix A. The Evolution of the U.S. Intelligence Community - An Historical Overview

Appendix B. An Overview of the Intelligence Community

Appendix C. List of Witnesses

Appendix D. List of Interviews

Appendix E. Authorizing Legislation

Appendix F. Statutory Issue Cross Reference Index

Appendix G. Biographical Information

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