REFERENCE MATERIALS

Bibliographies

U.S. - General

Bennett, James R. "The Agencies of Secrecy: A Bibliographic Guide to the U.S. Intelligence Apparatus." National Reporter 9, no. 3-4 (1986): 41-47.

Calder, James D., comp. Intelligence, Espionage and Related Topics: An Annotated Bibliography of Serial Journal and Magazine Scholarship, 1844-1998. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999.

Kruh, Cryptologia 24.3, comments that "[t]he effort necessary to research, select, annotate and organize" this many articles "from about 1,000 journals covering a period of 154 years is almost unthinkable.... This book is a treasure of information." To Valcourt, IJI&C 13.4, this "annotated listing ... on a broad range of intelligence topics" represents "a valuable addition to the ... field of Intelligence Studies."

For Aldrich, I&NS 17.1, Calder's "is among the best intelligence bibliographies yet produced....[It] is a great resource for the beginner and the intelligence expert alike." Shpiro, JIH 1.1, finds that "[t]he meticulously-researched entries include dozens of well known journals," but also cover "numerous journals and sources which the average intelligence scholar may not be familiar with.... The book is easy to use and is not cluttered with mysterious acronyms or technical jargon. It does seem a pity, however, that the publishers did not include with the book a searchable version on CD-ROM."

Gibish, Jane E., comp. U.S. National Security and Military Strategies: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College Library, Aug. 1999. [http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a376588.pdf]

From "Preface": "With a few notable exceptions, the entries in this bibliography are dated 1995 to the present. They reflect Post Cold War thinking about strategy."

Goehlert, Robert, and Elizabeth R. Hoffmeister, eds. The CIA: A Bibliography. Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1980.

Clark comment: There are numerous newspaper and popular magazine articles listed here, but the entries are not annotated. The work is of limited use to the serious researcher.

Lowenthal, Mark M. The U.S. Intelligence Community: An Annotated Bibliography. New York & London: Garland, 1994.

Clark comment: This work consists of 225 entries, divided into five main topic areas: Intelligence Theory and Practice (subdivided into General, Analysis, and Operations); History and Organization (General, CIA, Other Agencies, Analysis, and Operations); Intelligence Oversight; Compilations of Documents; and Bibliographies. Lowenthal also supplies the text of the National Security Act (as amended through June 8, 1993), other relevant legislation and Executive Orders, a list of the Directors of Central Intelligence, and an organizational chart of the Intelligence Community.

The author's annotations are brief (usually 2-4 lines) but focused and generally on the mark. Lowenthal provides neither the depth of comment of either Constantinides or Pforzheimer (but is more current) nor the scope of coverage of Petersen (but is more insightful regarding the individual entries). These comparisons are, in a sense, unfair in that Lowenthal does not set out to compete with the other compilers. His focus is on a bibliography covering "the specific roles that intelligence plays in the national security policy process, and the strengths and weaknesses of intelligence's contribution to that process." (p. 5) This is a useful work, but does not replace any of the broader-based bibliographies.

Johnson, AIJ 16.1/43, refers to Lowenthal's work as "a thorough bibliography." Johnson also wrote the foreword for this volume; there, he offers the judgment that Lowenthal's bibliography "displays an admirable fairness by offering a range of normative views on the proper uses of the intelligence agencies."

Marlatt, Greta E. Intelligence and Policy-Making: A Bibliography. Monterey, CA: Dudley Knox Library, Naval Postgraduate School, rev. 2007. [http://edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/institutional/SR/2007/intellall2007.pdf]

This is a useful and accessible general bibliography on intelligence. It is revised regularly through the addition of new material. Books and articles are listed separately and arranged alphabetically. A substantial listing of theses from the various U.S. military war colleges, accompanied by abstracts, is particularly useful.

Martin, David. "Intelligence, Counterintelligence and Covert Action: An Inventory of Selected Available Bibliographies." ABA Intelligence Report 2, no. 8 (1980): insert.

Petersen notes that Martin's work "[i]ncludes unclassified but unpublished U.S. Government bibliographies."

Petersen, Neal H., comp. and ed. American Intelligence, 1775-1990: A Bibliographic Guide. Claremont, CA: Regina Books, 1992.

Clark comment: For the general reader or scholar, Petersen is the most comprehensive general intelligence bibliography available. Small stylistic divergences occur and not every item is guaranteed to have all its search elements intact (missing page numbers for periodical articles are fairly numerous), but these are quibbles in the face of the massive compilation effort that went into this work.

Informed comment on Petersen has been strongly positive. The IJI&C 7.1 reviewer notes that Petersen "makes no evaluation or content comments on individual entries," but adds: "For anyone seriously interested in intelligence literature, Petersen's bibliography is certainly a must-have volume." AIJ 14.1 calls it a "[c]omprehensive bibliographic guide" that is "[e]ssential for intelligence research. Recommended."

According to Jeffreys-Jones, I&NS 9.3, Petersen is straightforward in stating "that he is limiting his coverage to publications in the English language." This book "does not purport to be a guide to archives.... A notable generic omission ... is the printed guide to microfilm and microform collections of documents."

Theoharis, JAH 80.4, notes that "Petersen's brief introduction to each chapter and section and his subject index enable the reader to identify all the listed bibliographic entities relevant to a specific research project... Episodic brief comments on a listed book or article are either too brief to be descriptive ... or tendentious.... Petersen's bibliography can profitably be consulted by the historian intending to begin research on any aspect of United States intelligence policy."

Pforzheimer, Walter, ed. Central Intelligence Agency: An Annotated Checklist. http://www.cloakanddagger.com/dagger/ciabib.txt (no longer operational). 1996.

Cloak and Dagger Books offers "Dr. Pforzheimer's list of the best available books about the Central Intelligence Agency." Ten books with annotations are presented.

Seymour, Janet L., comp. Intelligence: History and Role in American Society. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Library, Apr. 2001. [http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/intelam/intams.htm]

This is a Web-based general bibliography with some brief annotations.

Thomas, Evan. "Expert's Picks: Books on Espionage, Selected by Evan Thomas." Washington Post, 31 Jan. 1999, X11. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Thomas lists eight non-fiction works:

1. Peter Grose, Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles. "[B]alanced biography of the legendary CIA director."

2. David Martin, Wilderness of Mirrors. "[L]ively double biography of the two spookiest spooks of them all, William Harvey and James Jesus Angleton."

3. Thomas Powers, The Man Who Kept the Secrets. "[T]he best book ever written about the CIA."

4. John Ranelagh, The Agency: The Rise and Decline of the CIA. "An encyclopedic and fair-minded overview of the agency into the 1980s."

5. William Stevenson, A Man Called Intrepid: The Secret War. "How code-breaking won World War II for the Allies." [Clark comment: A disappointing selection generally but even more when paired with Thomas' description of the book.]

6. Sam Tanenhaus, Whitaker Chambers. "This thoughtful biography ... is the best account of the communist spy trade in America."

7. David Wise, Molehunt: The Secret Search for the Traitors That Shattered the CIA. "[H]ow James Jesus Angleton's paranoia turned the spy v. spy war against the KGB into a witchhunt within the agency."

8. Bob Woodward, Veil: The Secret Wars of the CIA, 1981-1987. "[F]ollows CIA director Bill Casey as he tries to bring back the covert-action 'good old days' to the CIA during the Reagan era."

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