Army. Editors. "The Expanding Roles of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles." 45, no. 9 (Sep. 1995): 55-57.
Bailey, Timothy S. [CAPT/USAF] "Ghost Riders: Battlelab Studies Roles for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles." Airman, Jul. 1998, 32-33.
Looks at activities of the Air Force's UAV Battlelab, which "is looking for innovative ways to use" the UAV technology.
Bartlett, Norman. "High-flying UAV Offers Low-cost Surveillance." Design News, 22 Mar. 1999, 60.
Provides some data on the "CA3 Observer UAV, developed by DERA, a British Ministry of Defense agency." The craft is "the size of a large model aircraft," and a "touch-sensitive map or image display permits control."
Becker, Elizabeth. "They're Unmanned, They Fly Low, and They Get the Picture." New York Times, 3 Jun. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"[L]ight unmanned aerial vehicles known as drones are crisscrossing the skies over Kosovo, acting as electronic scouts, finding and filming elusive targets, especially Serbian troops hidden in bunkers or woods, and sending those images immediately to fighter jets overhead.... The United States Army Hunter surveillance plane flies from the Skopje [Macedonia] airfield. The more sophisticated unmanned Air Force Predator is based in Bosnia, at Tuzla, according to NATO and Pentagon officials."
Boatman, John. "USA Planned Stealth UAV to Replace SR-71." Jane's Defence Weekly, 17 Dec. 1994, 1, 3.
Cairns, Donald W. "UAVs -- Where We Have Been." Military Intelligence, Mar. 1987, 18-20.
"Brief history of unmanned aerial vehicles" in U.S. military history, 1915-1972. [http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/RefBibs/intell/genmisc.htm]
Diamond, John. "Cost of Building Unmanned Spy Planes Rises Sharply, Audit Finds." Philadelphia Inquirer, 16 Dec. 1998. [http://www.phillynews.com]
A General Accounting Office report says that "[t]he cost of building unmanned spy planes for the U.S. military is shooting up by nearly 50 percent, but the Pentagon has no plans to scrap the program.... Global Hawk, a non-stealthy aircraft being designed by Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical, will cost an estimated $13.7 million, the GAO said. The radar-evading DarkStar aircraft designed by Lockheed Martin will cost $14.8 million, according to the latest estimate."
Economist. Editors. "Science and Technology: A Personal Eye in the Sky." 9 Jan. 1999, 73-74.
ProQuest Abstract: "America's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency [DARPA] is sponsoring research into so-called micro air vehicles -- pilotless flying machines that are only a few centimeters across." See also, Michael A. Dornheim, "Several Micro Air Vehicles in Flight Test Programs," Aviation Week & Space Technology, 12 Jul. 1999, 47; and Lee Gomes, "It's a Bird! It's a Spy Plane! -- Pentagon Funds Research into Robin-sized Robots," Wall Street Journal, 6 Apr. 1999, 1.
Fulghum, David A. "Recce Funding Increase Pits U-2 Against Global Hawk." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 27 Sep. 1999, 37.
"[T]he hint of new defense spending has pitted Northrop Grumman's unmanned Global Hawk and Lockheed Martin's U-2.... Both the U-2 and Global Hawk can carry synthetic aperture radar, electro-optical and infrared cameras and signals intelligence (sigint) payloads. But each offers different advantages."
Fulghum, David A. "Two Predators Destroyed in Bosnia." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 21 Aug. 1995, 24-25.
Two Predator UAVs "were destroyed in Bosnia within four days. One was likely lost to antiaircraft fire; the other was thought to have had an engine failure." The UAV that might have been shot down "had descended to 4,000 ft. to operate beneath the clouds." The reason for the engine failure of the other UAV is not known. Later versions of the Predator will be equipped with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors to avoid having to fly beneath cloud cover.
Fulghum, David A., and John D. Morrocco. "CIA to Deploy UAVs in Albania." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 31 Jan. 1995, 20-22.
Harvey, Donald [RADM/USN (Ret.)]. "Intelligence Notes." American Intelligence Journal 16, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 1995): 94.
"The U.S. deployed the newly tested unmanned aerial vehicle, Predator, to Albania for reconnaissance work over Bosnia. The UAV can operate by day or night, giving it an edge over recon satellites, and provides both still and video images. The UAV has a range of 500 miles and can remain airborne for 40 hours. At 10,000 feet, it cannot be heard and is virtually invisible. The Predator completed a successful test in a June  exercise to locate mobile missile launchers."
Harvey reports in his "Intelligence Notebook," Periscope 20.7 (1995), p. 6: "Two of the four experimental Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) deployed to Bosnia ... have been reported by the Department of Defense to have been operationally lost.... Investigations have been undertaken to try to determine if the losses were related at least in part to ground fire.... The lack of media and public outcry over the losses illustrates one big advantage of the UAV for surveillance over hostile areas."
Kagan, Mark H. "Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Relays Pictures to Airborne Radar System." Signal, May 1999, 61 ff. [http://www.us.net/signal]
Kiras, James D. "Intelligence, Peacekeeping and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles." Peacekeeping and International Relations 24, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1995).
Knarr, William M. [COL/USA] "A Family of UAVs -- Providing Integrated, Responsive Support to the Commander at Every Echelon." Military Intelligence 24, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1998): 42- 48.
Return to UAVs Table of Contents
Return to Reconnaissance Table of Contents