OVERVIEWS

General

1990s

T - Z

Taplin, Winn L. "Six General Principles of Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 3, no. 4 (Winter 1989): 475-491.

The author presents his "principles" as a starting point for a "broad, and to some extent theoretical, look at the practice of intelligence": (1) intelligence derives from international conflict or rivalry; (2) conduct or use of intelligence involves secrecy; (3) clandestine collection of information is the fundamental activity of intelligence; (4) truth must be the basis for good intelligence; (5) intelligence in a vacuum is of no value; tardy intelligence is of little value; (6) special activities (covert action) must involve native knowledge of the national groups toward which they are directed.

Troy, Thomas F. "The 'Correct' Definition of Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 5, no. 4 (Winter 1991-1992): 433-454.

Troy quotes Constantine FitzGibbon that intelligence is "knowledge of the enemy." Omitted from the definition is any mention of espionage, since espionage is really a means to the end. "Intelligence, as a kind of knowledge, stands independently of the means by which it is obtained and the process by which it is distilled."

Volkman, Ernest.

1. Espionage: The Greatest Spy Operations of the 20th Century. New York: Wiley, 1995. 1996. [pb]

McGinnis, Cryptolog, Summer 1996, finds this book "interesting because it details numerous espionage cases in a believable manner." The stories begin at the end of World War I and continue until 1968. The stories "give insight into the world of spying."

Other reviewers are less positive. Warren, Surveillant 4.4/5, finds that the book "contains more or less the usual suspects in any anthology of spy stories." There is no bibliography, and Volkman develops "no new information and provides no new insights." For Kruh, Cryptologia 21.2, "Volkman is an excellent writer with a sense of drama.... Unfortunately, he does not provide citations for his sources, which makes[s] it difficult to determine the origin of some questionable assertions."

Nautical Brass Bibliography, http://members.aol.com/nbrass/ biblio.htm, is even harsher in its judgment: "There are so many blatant errors regarding operation and construction of the Enigma machine,... that the veracity of the rest of this book is highly suspect."

2. Spies: The Secret Agents Who Changed the Course of History. New York: Wiley, 1994.

Surveillant 3.6 describes this as a "collection of short biographies of 50 secret agents and the officers who ran them." According to McGinnis, Cryptolog, Summer 1996, the author seeks "to show how spies have changed the course of history." Kruh, Cryptologia 19.1, finds this an "informative and exciting book," with each of the 46 vignettes featuring "a gripping account of a remarkable spy."

Wark, Wesley K., ed.

1. "Special Issue on Espionage: Past, Present, Future?" Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 3 (Jul. 1993): entire issue.

Click for a listing of the CONTENTS of this volume.

2. Espionage: Past, Present, Future? Studies in Intelligence series. London: Frank Cass, 1994.

Clark comment: This book consists of articles originally published in Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 3 (Jul. 1993) (see above).

Surveillant 3.6 notes that these are essays "from an international conference held at the University of Toronto devoted to the contemporary state of intelligence studies." The diversity of the articles "provides an indication of the richness of the field." For Kruh, Cryptologia 18.4, this is "a superior collection of essays, exquisitely footnoted, attesting to the scholarship of the authors, while providing numerous leads for further reading or research."

Wark, Wesley K., ed.

1. "Special Issue on Spy Fiction, Spy Films and Real Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 4 (Oct. 1990): entire issue.

2. Spy Fiction, Spy Films and Real Intelligence. Studies in Intelligence series. London: Frank Cass, 1991.

Clark comment: This book consists of articles originally published in Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 4 (Oct. 1990) (see above).

West, Nigel. [Rupert Allason]

1. "Banning Books." In In the Name of Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Walter Pforzheimer, eds. Hayden B. Peake and Samuel Halpern, 597-620. Washington, DC: NIBC Press, 1994.

The prolific West comments on the hazards and rewards of publishing intelligence-related works. All-in-all, an interesting traipse through some of the highs and lows of writers and writing about intelligence.

2. Games of Intelligence: The Classified Conflict of International Espionage Revealed. London: Crown, 1989. New York: Crown, 1990.

Surveillant 1.1 notes that the U.S. edition has been updated. "West, as provocative as he is prolific, asks and answers ... questions about the workings of intelligence organizations in both East and West." A NameBase review calls the book "a broad, name-intensive survey of British, French, U.S., and Soviet intelligence." The author "prefers attention to detail and the occasional anecdote to make his points.... This makes the book a good read as well as a good reference to some of the available literature."

3. Seven Spies Who Changed the World. London: Secker & Warburg, 1991. London: Mandarin, 1992. [pb]

Clark comment: The seven spies are Popov (TRICYCLE), Schmidt (TATE), Buckley, Blunt, Blake, Powers, and Wynne. Surveillant 2.4 says that West "clarifies or corrects erroneous stories published elsewhere." McGinnis, Cryptolog 17.3, expresses the belief that while "the seven were notable, even notorious, shakers of the East and West," they were "not shakers of the world at large." Nonetheless, he found this to be an "interesting book by a prolific British author."

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