OVERVIEWS

General

Pre-1990s

P - Z

Paine, Lauran.

1. Double Jeopardy. London: Hale, 1978.

Wilcox: "Account of espionage and intelligence, clandestine operations."

2. The Technology of Espionage. London: Hale, 1978.

Constantinides sees this book as a "useful ... introduction to the world of technological espionage" since World War II. Nevertheless, there are "errors," "questionable conclusions," and "an occasional tendency to exaggerate."

Palmer, Raymond. The Making of a Spy. London: Aldus, 1977.

Wilcox: "Illustrated popular coffee table history of modern espionage."

Perles, Alfred, ed. Great True Spy Adventures. London: Arco, 1957.

Wilcox identifies this as a "[p]opular account of various espionage events."

Piekalkiewicz, Janusz. Trs., William M. Henhoeffer and Gerald L. Liebenau. World History of Espionage: Agents, Systems, Operations. Privately Published, 1998. Weltgeshichte der Spionage: Agenten, Systeme, Aktionen. Munich: Südwest Verlag, 1988.

William M. Henhoeffer began the translation of Piekalkiewicz' massive tour through the history of espionage before his untimely death in 1993. The work was completed by Gerald L. Liebenau, and has been published through the efforts of Henhoeffer's sister Rosemary A. Herbst. (From "Notice to Readers About This Translation.") Given his background in intelligence and his stint as Curator of the CIA's Historical Intelligence Collection, Henhoeffer's enthusiasm for the daunting task suggests that this work deserves renewed attention.

Piekalkiewicz chronicled the history of espionage from the Pharoahs to satellites. But what makes World History of Espionage of even greater interest is described by Richard Meier in his "Preface" thusly: "In his soundly researched book, the author makes a significant contribution to clarifying the nature and the tasks of the spy.... Whoever owns a copy of this work not only has at hand an encyclopedia of intelligence services but has come to learn a portion of the true nature and psychological structure of humanity." (pp. 27-28)

Richelson, Jeffrey T. Foreign Intelligence Organizations. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1988.

According to NameBase, Richelson "offers organization-chart overviews of the services of several countries, and summaries of some of the current issues. Included are the United Kingdom (GCHQ, SIS, MI5, DIS, Special Branch); Canada (RCMP, CSIS, CSE, FIB); Italy (SISDE, SISMI, and the P2 problem); West Germany (Nazis, Gehlen, BND, BfV); France (SDECE, DGSE, DST, and the Rainbow Warrior scandal), Israel (Mossad, Aman, Shin Bet, Lakam); Japan (Naicho, PSIA, commercial trade intelligence); and China (ILD, UFWD, MSS, MID, New China News Agency)."

Cline, PSQ 104.1, finds that, "[g]iven the uneven quality of the information available to him, Richelson has done a skillful job of weaving together a systematic description of the secret intelligence agencies of eight important nations.... This ... publication is a reference tool that, despite its limitations, will be handy on the shelf for any researcher dealing regularly with the arcane world of secret intelligence."

Robertson, Kenneth G., ed. Intelligence and National Security. London: Macmillan, 1987.

According to Dockrill, I&NS 3,2, this is a compendium from a conference held in London in 1984. The contributors are "either academics with a research interest in the subject or former practitioners in the field, and as such they are concerned with the higher issues of intelligence and policy-making."

Seabury, Paul, and Angelo Codevilla. War: Ends and Means. New York, Basic Books, 1989.

Focusing on the intelligence-related aspects of this book, Wirtz, I&NS 6.2, comments that the authors "seem to overestimate the benefits" derived from the element of surprise in warfare. As for their discussion of wartime intelligence, "their analysis is [sometimes] accurate and penetrating.... Yet, at other points in the narrative, their analysis is grossly misleading.... War: Ends and Means is a book that would be best appreciated not by novices, but by the expert who can pick and choose among the ideas advanced."

Seth, Ronald.

1. Anatomy of Spying. New York: Dutton, 1963.

Wilcox: "A basic 'handbook for spies,'" dealing with such things as the tricks of the trade and the rationale for espionage.

2. The Art of Spying. London: Peter Owen, 1957. New York: Philosophical Library, 1957.

The author focuses on five spies: Christine Granville, Ann-Marie Walters, Isaac Trebitsch Lincoln, Alexander Foote, and Richard Sorge. According to Constantinides, Seth uses a limited number of sources, and "is prone to repeat" their errors.

3. Spies at Work: A History of Espionage. New York: Philosophical Library, 1954.

Wilcox: Brief discussions of "the espionage practices & experiences of several nations."

Siehl, George. "Cloak, Dust Jacket, and Dagger." Library Journal 97 (15 Oct. 1972): 3277-3288. [Petersen]

Singer, Kurt, and Jane Sherrod. Spies for Democracy. Minneapolis, MN: Denison, 1960.

Strong, Kenneth W. D. [Maj.-Gen. Sir]. Men of Intelligence: A Study of the Roles and Decisions of Chiefs of Intelligence from World War I to the Present Day. London: Cassell, 1970. New York: St. Martin's, 1971.

Pforzheimer identifies this book as General Strong's description of "the successes and failures of a selected group of German, French, British, and American intelligence chiefs, most of whom he knew personally. His emphasis is on the need for centralized direction of intelligence and the necessity for close coordination between intelligence and policymakers." For Constantinides, the book "contains some very interesting stories and valuable observations."

Taylor, A.J.P. "Through the Keyhole." New York Review 10 (Feb. 1972): 14-18.

Calder: "[A]n acclaimed British historian[] argues that intelligence most often fails to produce anything of value."

Volkman, Ernest. Warriors of the Night. New York: Morrow, 1985.

Clark comment: This book ranges widely, geographically and substantively, across a spectrum of intelligence episodes. Volkman's style is a quick in-and-out attack and on to another topic. This probably reflects his background as a magazine writer, where the need for sustained thematic continuity is absent. According to Richelson, IJI&C 1.1, this book misinforms and does "little to provide a sound understanding of the nature of U.S. intelligence operations.... [M]ost of the book is a replay of oft-told tales -- usually told better and in more detail by the original authors." The book includes "errors of omission and commission."

The NameBase reviewer says that "Volkman's writing is not taken seriously by most scholars of U.S. intelligence. For one thing, his choice of wording is frequently exaggerated, in the style of an essayist writing from an elevated perspective. This probably makes it more interesting for readers who know little about the topic, but proves annoying for those who realize that major issues can be swept aside with merely a flippant phrase."

Walter, George. "Secret Intelligence Services." Military Review 44, no. 8 (Aug. 1964): 91-98. [Calder]

Wighton, Charles. The World's Greatest Spies: True-Life Dramas of Outstanding Secret Agents. New York: Taplinger, 1962. [Petersen]

Wilensky, Harold. Organizational Intelligence: Knowledge and Policy in Government and Industry. New York: Basic Books, 1960.

Wilcox: "Study of intelligence functions, use & misuse."

Wise, David, and Thomas B. Ross. The Espionage Establishment. New York: Random House, 1967. London: Jonathan Cape, 1968. New York: Bantam Books, 1968. [pb]

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