OTHER COUNTRIES

South Africa

I - Z

Johwa, Wilson. "Career Spy to Head Intelligence Committee." Business Day (Johannesburg), 12 Oct. 2007. [http://allafrica.com]

On 11 October 2007, intelligence services spokesperson Lorna Daniels announced that Silumko Sokupa, currently deputy director-general of the South African Secret Service, will become the co-ordinator of intelligence in November 2007. He replaces Barry Gilder, who is retiring. The position "heads the National Intelligence Co-ordinating Committee," which is "tasked with integrating and interpreting information provided by various intelligence structures."

Kasrils, Ronnie. "Armed and Dangerous": My Underground Struggle against Apartheid. Oxford, UK: Heinemann Educational Publishers, 1993.

R. D'A. Henderson comments: "Kasrils' memoirs provides an insightful perspective of an underground security commander with separate but associated memberships in the various ANC, MK and SACP leadership structures."

Labuschagne, Riaan. On South Africa’s Secret Service: An Undercover Agent’s Story. Alberton, South Africa: Galago Books, 2002.

According to Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), this book "tells the story of the organizational successor to BOSS, the National Intelligence Service (NIS), from the point of view of one of its professional counterintelligence officers." NIS engaged in "assassination, counterintelligence operations, and traditional forms of espionage." The author "gives many examples of each, although he was apparently confined to counterintelligence." The book "is not documented and is written with reconstructed conversations whose accuracy can only be judged by the few references to well-known events."

Macklin, Graham. "The British Far Right's South African Connection: A.K. Chesterton, Hendrik van den Bergh, and the South African Intelligence Services." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 6 (Dec. 2011): 823-842.

Working from correspondence between Chesterton and the head of of South Africa's BOSS, the author "examines and evaluates ... the covert operations of the South African security services against 'subversives' in Britain during the 1950s and 1960s."

McCarthy, Shaun. "South Africa's Intelligence Reformation." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 9, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 63-71.

Mokoena, Kenneth, ed. South Africa and the United States: The Declassified History. New York: New Press, 1993.

According to O'Brien, I&NS 12.3, this edited collection examines "the nature of the covert relationship between South Africa and the United States." Studying the documentation provided here makes it "clear that the relationship extended into all areas of inter-state relations, and was not restricted solely to covert and/or paramiitary co-operation between the two states in 'stabilizing' southern Africa against the perceived communist threat."

O'Brien, Kevin A.

1. The Assassin's Web: South Africa's Counter-revolutionary Strategy, Securocracy, and Operations (with particular attention to the Special Tasking of Security Force Units) 1978-1990. Hull, UK: University of Hull, 2000.

2. "Counter-Intelligence for Counter-Revolutionary Warfare: The South African Police Security Branch, 1979-1990." Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 3 (Autumn 2001): 27-59.

The National Party government in South Africa "made continual and effective use of the practice of assassination..... [And] intelligence and intelligence-driven units were the basis for the mechanization of assassination." Ultimately, this part of the National Party's strategy only further corrupted the intelligence process and those overseeing it, and "contributed to the National Party's failure to uphold apartheid, in whatever form."

3. The South African Intelligence Services: From Apartheid to Democracy. New York: Routledge, 2011.

Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), notes that the author covers the evolution of intelligence in South Africa "from a structural and political -- rather than an operational, case-oriented [see James Sanders, Apartheid’s Friends (2006)] -- perspective." O'Brien provides thorough coverage, which "makes for slow reading." This "is a unique, well documented study."

4. "South Africa's Evolving Intelligence and Security Structures." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 9, no. 2 (Summer 1996): 187-232.

5. "Special Forces for Counter-Revolutionary Warfare: The South African Case." Small Wars and Insurgencies 12 (Summer 2001): 79-109.

6. "The Use of Assassination as a Tool of State Policy: South Africa's Counter-Revolutionary Strategy 1979-1992." (Parts I and II) Terrorism and Political Violence 10, no. 3 (Summer 1998): 86-105 and 13, no. 2 (Spring 2001): 107-142.

Pfister, Roger. "Trying to Safeguard the Impossible: South Africa's Apartheid Intelligence in Africa, 1961-1994." Journal of Intelligence History 7, no. 2 (Winter 2007-2008). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/7-2.html]

Rees, Mervyn. "The Spy Who Knew It All." Daily Mail (London), 20 Nov. 1983, 1-2, 31-34.

Sanders, James. Apartheid’s Friends: The Rise and Fall of South Africa's Secret Service. London: John Murray, 2006.

Peake, Studies 51.4 (2007), finds that the author "uses case studies, official documents, academic journals, and press accounts in his comprehensive review of the ... South African intelligence services." He "provides the most detailed and best documented treatment of the evolution of intelligence in South Africa."

Tomaselli, Kenyan G., and P. Eric Louw. "Disinformation and the South African Defence Force's Theory of War." Social Justice 18, no. 1 & 2 (Spring/Summer 1991): 124-140.

According to Calder, this article includes a case study of the use of disinformation and misinformation.

Winer, Stan. "History Archive (SAHA) Wins Access to 'Secret' Apartheid-Era Documents." African Eye News Service, 24 Jul. 2002. [http://allafrica.com]

"The South African History Archive (Saha) has reached an out of court settlement in a landmark case for access to apartheid-era military intelligence records. The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) agreed to hand over the documents" on 6 August 2002."

Winter, Gordon. Inside BOSS: South Africa's Secret Police. London: Penguin, 1981. [Chambers]

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