Poland

World War II

Bines, Jeffrey. "The Establishment of the Polish Section of the SOE." In The Poles in Britain, 1940-2000: From Betrayal to Assimilation, ed. Peter D. Stachura, 21-32. London: Frank Cass, 2004.

Borowy, Stefan. "Military Intelligence Behind Enemy Lines." Studies in Intelligence 2, no. 3 (Summer 1958): 107-116.

The author details "the systematic intelligence collection effort carried out [during World War II] in Poland under the direction of the Home Army's Intelligence Division."

Bury, Jan. "TELMA -- A Polish Wireless Communications Security Machine of World War II." Cryptologia 30, no. 1 (Jan. 2006): 31-38.

The author "discusses the development and use" by the Poles of a machine "designed to send telegraphic messages at high speeds in order to avoid interception by Nazi German signals intelligence."

Chapman, Robert D. "Remembering the Polish Underground." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 4 (Winter 2006-2007): 746-752.

The author reviews briefly the CIA's support of the Polish underground organization Wolnosc i Niezawislosc (WiN -- Freedom and Independence) in the early 1950s, as well as events surrounding the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Dubicki, Tadeusz, Daria Nalecz, and Tessa Stirling, eds. Intelligence Co-Operation Between Poland and Great Britain During World War II: The Report of the Anglo-Polish Historical Committee. Edgware, UK: Mitchell Vallentine, 2005.

See Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, "England's Poles in the Game," Intelligencer 15, no. 2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007): 98-100, for a review of some of the accomplishments of Polish intelligence during World War II.

Foot, M.R.D. "The Death of General Sikorski." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 3 (Jun. 2006): 457-458.

A brief article to argue that the crash of Sikorski's plane off Gibralter in July 1943 was an accident, not an effort by MI6 to get rid of an annoyance.

Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene. Editors. "Release of Katyn Documents." 11, no. 5 (1992): 3.

Fox, Frank. God's Eye: Aerial Photography and the Katyn Forest Massacre. West Chester, PA: West Chester University Press, 1999.

Fischer, IJI&C 15.3 and Studies in Intelligence 46.3 (2002), notes that this work "is part history and part biography. The historical part tells the story of Katyn and other killing fields, where more than 20,000 Polish" citizens were slaughtered during World War II. The biographical part focuses on the efforts of Waclaw Godziemba-Maliszewski, "a self-taught photo-interpreter of professional caliber," to "identify execution and burial sites, establish Soviet culpability, and pressure Warsaw and Moscow to complete a full official investigation."

Garlinski, Jozef.

1. Hitler's Last Weapons: The Underground War Against the V1 and V2.  London: Friedmann, 1978. New York: Times Books, 1978.

Constantinides sees Garlinski as most concerned with "the contributions of the resistance, especially that of the Poles," to halting German development and deployment of the V weapons.

2. Poland, SOE and the Allies. London: Allen & Unwin, 1969.

Harrison, Edward D.R. "The British Special Operations Executive and Poland." Historical Journal 43, no. 4 (2000): 1071-1091.

Nowak, Jan. Courier from Moscow. Detroit, MI: Wayne Press, 1982.

See Andrzej Krzysztof Kunert, "Jan Nowak-Jezioranski: Courier from Warsaw and Courier of Free Poland," in KSAP 20th Anniversary, ed. Henryk Samsonowicz, 279-302. Warsaw: National School of Public Administration, 2010. [http://www.ksap.gov.pl/ksap/file/publikacje/patroni_EN/14.pdf]

Peszke, Michael A. "British Special Operations Executive Archives and Poland: An Analysis." Polish Review 42, no. 4 (1997): 431-446. [Capet]

Shainberg, Maurice. Breaking from the KGB. New York: St. Martin's, 1986. New York: Berkley, 1988. [pb]

Slowikowski, Rygor [MAJGEN]. In the Secret Service: The Lighting of the Torch. London: Windrush, 1988.

Bennett, I&NS 4.1, comments that "[t]here seems to be no doubt that Slowikowski's Polish 'Agency Africa' was the single largest source of information about conditions in the Torch area..., but the decision to invade depended only marginally upon information from inside the territory ... and chiefly upon political and strategic considerations of far wider range." The work draws a "vivid picture ... of the daily life and work of an espionage organization."

Stirling, Tessa, Daria Nalecz, and Tadeusz Dubicki, eds. Fwd., Tony Blair. Intelligence Co-Operation between Poland and Great Britain during World War II: The Report of the Anglo-Polish Historical Committee. Vol. 1. Edgware, UK, and Portland, OR: Vallentine Mitchell, 2005.

From publisher: "The Anglo-Polish Historical Committee was established in 2000 with the full support of the Prime Ministers of both countries. The committee, made up of historians and official experts from both countries, was set up to identify and evaluate surviving historical records which would show the extent of the contribution made by Polish Intelligence to the Allied victory.... In order to assist the committee's work, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Chief Historian has been granted access to the archives of the British Intelligence Services. The Polish historians have concentrated their efforts on those documents publicly available in the archives of, for example, Britain, Poland and the United States of America."

DKR, AFIO WIN 34-05 (6 Sep. 2005), notes that this is the work of one British and two Polish historians, "with contributions from a variety of researchers. The result relates not only the story of the acquisition of Enigma but how the Poles smuggled to England in the middle of the war a copy of the German V-2 rocket and its top-secret fuel. [R]eaders ... will learn that Polish intelligence was active from Japan to every part of Europe, whether Nazi occupied or neutral."

According to Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), "Foreign Office historian Gill Bennett is the major British contributor to this volume. In her summary of the Anglo-Polish wartime relationship, she describes both the difficulties and the successes resulting from the collaboration. She leaves no doubt that the Polish contribution was a positive one whose recognition was long overdue. This book is a major contribution to intelligence history."

Valentine, Ian. Station 43: Audley End House and SOE's Polish Section. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 2006. [pb]

Harrison, I&NS 21.6 (Dec. 2006), finds that this work "offers an interesting and informative account of an important SOE station." The training was harsh and the missions dangerous. "Out of the 316 Audley End trainees who were parachuted into Poland, 108 lost their lives."

Walker, Jonathan. Poland Alone: Britain, SOE and the Collapse of the Polish Resistance 1944. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2008.

From publisher: This work "focuses on the bloody Warsaw Uprising of 1944, when the Polish Resistance attempted to gain control of their city from the German Army. They expected help from the Allies but received none, and they were left helpless as the Russians moved in." The author "examines whether Britain could have done more to save the Polish people in their crisis year of 1944, dealing with many different aspects such as the actions of the RAF and SOE, the role of Polish Couriers, the failure of British Intelligence, and the culpability of the British press."

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