OTHER COUNTRIES

New Zealand

The New Zealand Security Intelligence Service maintains a Website at http://www.nzsis.govt.nz/.

General

Barber, Laurie, and Cliff Lord. Swift and Sure: A History of the Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals and Army Signaling in New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: New Zealand Signals, 1996.

Hager, Nicky. Other People's Wars: New Zealand in Afghanistan, Iraq and the War on Terror. Nelson, New Zealand: Craig Potton Publishing, 2011.

Peake, Studies 57.2 (Jun. 2013), finds that "[d]espite the author's less than objective opinions," this book "depicts the not insignificant contribution of New Zealand's intelligence units in joint operations. More generally, it provides an in-depth view of New Zealand's role in Afghanistan and to a lesser extent Iraq, subjects not dealt with elsewhere. Still, read with caution."

Hager, Nicky. Secret Power: New Zealand's Role in the International Spy Network. Nelson, New Zealand: Craig Potton Publishing, 1996.

Hunt, Graeme. Spies and Revolutionaries: A History of New Zealand Subversion. Auckland, NZ: Reed Books, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 52.2 (Jun. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), the author discusses "spying and subversion in New Zealand from the start of its European settlement to the present." The book "is well documented, well written, and well worth reading."

McNeish, James. The Sixth Man: The Extraordinary Life of Paddy Costello. Auckland, NZ: Random House, New Zealand, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 52.3 (Sep. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.2 (Fall 2008), the author "strives mightily to dismiss ... as fanciful speculation." the idea that Cambridge-grad Paddy Costello was a Soviet agent. However, the arguments he makes "are mere speculation and ignore important facts reported by others."

Walsh, Patrick F. Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis. New York: Routledge, 2011.

According to Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), this work "examines the post 9/11 reforms in the profession in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the United States.... It is a unique contribution" to the literature.

2010s

Australian Associated Press. "New Zealand Gets First Female Spy Boss." 13 Nov. 2013. [http://news.msn.co.nz]

On 12 November 2013, it was announced that Rebecca Kitteridge has been appointed "director of security at the Security Intelligence Service (SIS).... She will become New Zealand's first female spy boss when Dr [Warren] Tucker retires in April next year."

2000s

BBC. "New Zealand Jails Israeli 'Spies.'" 15 Jul. 2004. [http://news.bbc.co.uk]

New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark has announced that she will impose "diplomatic sanctions on Israel over the activities of two alleged members of the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad." The Israelis, Uriel Zosha Kelman and Eli Cara, "were sentenced to six months in prison for trying to obtain New Zealand passports illegally."

Dominion Post (Wellington). "Spy Bureau Upgrades to 'Intelligent' Headquarters." 30 Apr. 2008. [http://www.dompost.co.nz]

"A $90 million building will be constructed in central Wellington" for the "Government Communications and Security Bureau. Construction will begin next week and is expected to be finished in October 2010."

Hubbard, Anthony, and Nicky Hager.

1. "Citizens Targeted by SIS." Sunday Star-Times, 21 Nov. 2004. [http://www.sundaystartimes.co.nz]

The New Zealand Secret Intelligence Service (NZSIS) "has been involved in a widespread and probably unlawful campaign to infiltrate and bug Maori organisations, three spies have told the Sunday Star-Times. They provided a detailed description of a top-secret programme called Operation Leaf, a major SIS campaign targeting a variety of Maori organisations and individuals over several years."

2. "Spies Blow Whistle on Operation Leaf." Sunday Star-Times, 21 Nov. 2004. [http://www.sundaystartimes.co.nz]

"A group of dissident spies has launched an unprecedented attack on the SIS, saying it has misused its powers by bugging law-abiding Maori for political intelligence. The SIS's Operation Leaf, they say, has been used to find 'dirt' on individuals, and intelligence about iwi divisions, finances and Treaty claims."

New Zealand. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Domestic and External Security Secretariat. Securing our Nation's Safety: How New Zealand Manages Its Security and Intelligence Agencies. Wellington: DESS, 2000.

Contents:

Foreword from the Prime Minister
Introduction
Needs and safeguards - a contribution from The Rt. Hon. Sir Geoffrey Palmer
New Zealand's security and intelligence arrangements - An Overview
The New Zealand Security Intelligence Service
The Government Communications Security Bureau
The External Assessments Bureau
The Directorate of Defence Intelligence and Security
Conclusion
Committee Roles
Directory

New Zealand Herald. "Chinese Defector Kept Out." 26 Aug. 2005. [http://www.nzherald.co.nz]

Hao Fengjun, "granted a protection visa in Australia after backing claims of a spy network there," has been denied entry to New Zealand because of the lack of a proper entry visa. Hao, "who claims to be a defector from the Chinese National Security Bureau and former member of a spy agency known as 610 Office," has said that "he would reveal details of espionage in New Zealand."

1990s

Counterintelligence News and Developments. "New 'Top Spy' Appointed in New Zealand." Sep. 1999. [http://www.nacic.gov]

On July 13 1999, senior diplomat Richard Woods was appointed to head the New Zealand Security Intelligence Service (SIS). He replaces Lt. Gen. Don McIver on 1 November 1999. From 1993 to 1995, Woods was New Zealand's Ambassador in Moscow. Since 1995 he has been ambassador to France.

One News [New Zealand TV]. "Calls for Inquiry into Spy Bases." 28 Dec. 1999. [http:// onenews.co.nz]

Following the confirmation by the security intelligence service that New Zealand's spy bases at Waihopai and Tangimoana "are used by foreign agencies," the Green party "is now demanding an investigation.... The Greens want Waihopai closed down and a select committee inquiry into these latest admissions."

Rolfe, Jim. "For Your Eyes Only." New Zealand Defence Quarterly 23 (Summer 1998), 22-24.

This article is on the New Zealand's External Assessment Bureau (EAB), which is responsible for "intelligence assessments on events and trends overseas that may affect New Zealand's interests." The organization was established as the External Intelligence Bureau in 1975, and the name was changed to EAB in 1988. The EAB receives information from New Zealand's intelligence collection agencies, liaison and intelligence sharing arrangements with agencies of friendly countries, diplomatic reporting, and open sources. It is administered by the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.

Includes sidebar "Who Does the Work?" on the backgrounds of individuals working in the Bureau.

Rolfe, Jim. "The Spycatchers." New Zealand Defence Quarterly 22 (Spring 1998), 7-11.

This article is on the New Zealand Security Intelligence Service (SIS), the country's domestic security agency. SIS was established in 1956.

Includes sidebar by Tim Barnett [Labour MP from Christchurch Central], "If Not the SIS, What?" 10. Barnett argues that "[p]arliamentary accountability and independent scrutiny of the SIS remains inadequate." The author believes that "[t]he functions of the SIS should be divided between the police, a reorganized unit in the Prime Minister's Office (incorporating the External Assessments Bureau and fed by the Government Communications Security Bureau), and a security advice unit within another Government department."

Also includes sidebar, "How About the People," which notes that the SIS consists of about 120 people (down from 160 in the early 1980s) divided among three types of employees -- intelligence officers, vetting officers, and specialist officers.

West, Dalton A. "New Zealand's Intelligence Under Review." World Intelligence Review 15, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1996): 1, 3-4.

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